COLEMAN STREET WARD. The Bounds.
Antiquities in this Ward. The Jews Synagogue in
St. Olave in the Jewry.
The King's Palace in Old Jewry.
St. Margaret Lothbury.
St. Stephen Coleman street.
The present State of this Ward.
COLEMAN STREET WARD and BASHISHAW WARD
NEXT to Cheape Ward, on the North side thereof, is
Colemanstreet Ward; and beginneth also in the East, on the Course of Walbrook,
Lothbury, and runneth West (on the South side) to the end of Ironmongers lane;
and on the
North side, to the West corner of Basings Hall street. On the South side of
the Street called the Old Jewry; the one half, and better, on both sides towards
of this Ward.
On the North side lieth Coleman street, whereof the Ward taketh Name, wholly on
sides North to London-wall; and from that North end along by the Wall, and
East, to the Course of Walbrook. And again from Coleman street, West, to the
Grates; and these be the Bounds in this Ward.
Anitiquities therein to be noted, are these; First, the Street of Lothbery,
Loadbery, (for by all these Names have I read it) took the Name (as it seemeth)
of a Bery,
or Court of old time there kept; but by whom, is grown out of memory. This
possessed (for the most part) by Founders, that cast Candlesticks,
Morters, and such like Copper or Laten Works, and do afterward turn them with
and not with the Wheel, to make them smooth and bright; with turning and
some do term it) making a loathsome Noise to the By-passers, that have not been
the like; and therefore by them disdainfully called Lothbury. On the South side
Street, amongst the Founders, be some fair Houses and large, for Merchants;
that of old time was the Jews Synagogue. Which was defaced by the Citizens of
after they had slain 700 Jews, and spoiled the residue of their Goods, in the
Year 1262. the
47 of Hen. the IIId. And not long after, in the Year 1291. King Edward the
the remnant of the Jews out of England, as is afore shewed.
Antiquities in this Ward.
The Jews Synagogue in Lothbury.
The said Synagogue being so suppressed, certain Friers got possession thereof.
For in the
Year 1257. (saith Mathew Paris) there were seen in London, a new Order of
De Pœnitentia Jesu, or Fratres de Sacca, because they were apparelled in
who had their House in London, near unto Aldersgate, without the Gate; and had
of Henry III, in the 54th of his Reign, to remove from thence to any other
Place: And in the
56th, he gave unto them this Jews Synagogue. After which time, Eleanor the
to Edward Ist, took into her protection, and warranted unto the Prior and
pœnitentia Jesu Christi of London, the said Land and Building in
in the Parish of St. Olave in the Jury, and St. Margaret in Lothbury; by her
consent of Stephen de Fulborn, Under-warden of the Bridge-house, and other
that House; for Threescore Marks of
Possessed afterwards by Friers.
Fratres de Sacca, or, de Pœnitentia: i.e. Friers of Repentance, or of Sackcloth
Colechurchstreet, or Old Jewry.
Silver, which they had received of the said Prior and Brethren of Repentance,
building of the said Bridge.
Queen Eleanors Charter will not be unacceptable to repeat, as it stands ia the
Records of the
Chamber of London.
Queen Eleanors Charter to those Friers.
"Alianora, Dei gra. &c. Alianor, by the Grace of God, Queen of England,
Ireland, Dutches of Aquitain, and by our Lord King Henry; To al that shal se or
Writing, Greeting in the Lord. Know yee that we are bound and held for Us and
Heirs, to defend and warrant against al Men for ever, to the Priors and Friers
Repentance of Jesus Christ, abiding in London, al their Tenements, with al their
Appurtinences, which the Prior and Friers have in the Street called
Colecherchstrate, in the
Parish of St. Olaves in the Jewry, and in the Parish of S. Margaret de Lothbury,
in the City
of London; by the Grant and Confirmation which we have made to the said Prior
Brethren by this present Writing; with the Assent and Wil of Frier Steven de
under Custos of the Bridge-house, and the rest of the Friers of the said House;
Marks of Silver, which we have received of the said Prior and Brethren of
Jesus Christ, towards the building of the said Bridge; and for the finding of
which the same Prior and Brethren perpetually find at their own Costs;
for the Soul of Richard le Ken. Which Richard bequeathed and assigned al the
Tenements, with al the Appurtinences, to the Brethren of the said House of the
the sustentation of one Chaplain, to celebrate Service for his Soul for ever at
In witness whereof, &c.]"
This Order of Friers gathered many good Scholars, an multiplied in number
until the Council at Lyons, by the which it was decreed, that (from that time
should be no more Orders of Begging Friers permitted, but only the four Orders;
to wit, the
Dominickes, or Preachers, the Minorites, or Grey Friers, the Carmelites, or
and the Augustines: And so from that time, the Begging Friers decreased and fell
Now it followed, that in the Year 1305. Robert Fitzwalter requested and obtained
said King Edward the Ist, that the same Friers of the Sacke, might assign to the
Robert, their Chappel or Church, of old time called The Synagogue of the Jews,
adjoyning to the then Mansion Place of the same Robert, where now standeth the
Hall: And the said Synagogue was at the North corner of the Old Jewry. Robert
Mercer, Maior in the Year 1439. kept his Maioralty in this House, and dwelled
his dying day.
Rob. Fitzwalter his House, where now is Grocers Hall.
Robert Large, Maior, his House.