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Cordwainers Street Ward. 15

Cordwainers Street Ward.

CORDWAINERS STREET WARD. Soper Lane, Whence so called. St. Antholines. St. Mary Aldermary. Sir Henry Keeble. St. Mary le Bow. Antiquities of Bow Church, Bell, and Steeple. The Crownfild in Cheap. The present State of this Ward.

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THE next is Cordwainers street Wad, taking that name of Cordwainers, or Shoomakers, Curriers, and workers of Leather, dwelling there. For it appeareth in the Records of Henry VI. the ninth of his Reign, that an Order was taken then for Cordwainers and Curriers in Corney street, and Sopers lane.

Cordwainers street Ward.

This Ward beginneth in the East, on the West side of Walbrooke, and runneth West, thorow Budge row (a street so called of the Budg Furr, and of Skinners dwelling there:) then up by St. Anthonines Church thorow Aetheling (or Noble street) as Leyland termeth it, commonly called Wathling street, to the Red Lion, a place so called, of a great Lion of Timber placed there, at a gate entring to a large Court, wherein are divers fair and large Shops, well furnished with Broad-cloths, and other Draperies of all sorts to be sold: And this is the farthest West part of this Ward.

The Bounds of it.

Budge Row.

Aetheling or Wathling street.

The Red Lion.

On the South side of this street from Budge row, lyeth a lane turning down by the West gate of the Tower Royal, and to the South end of the stone Wall beyond the said gate; which is of this Ward, and is accounted a part of the Royal street.

Against this West gate of the Tower Royal, is one other Lane, that runneth West to Cordwainer street, and this is called Turnhase lane: on the South side whereof is a piece of Wringwren lane, to the North west corner of St. Thomas Church the Apostle. Then again out of the High street called Watheling, is one other street which runneth thwart the same; and this is Cordwainer street, whereof the whole Ward taketh name.

Turnbase lane.

Cordwainers street.

This street beginneth by West-Cheape, and St. Mary Bow Church is the head thereof on the west side, and it runneth down south, thorow that part, which of latter time was called Hosier lane, now Bow lane, and then by the west end of Aldermary Church, to the new- builded houses, in place of Ormond house, and so to Garlick hill or hith, to St. James Church.

Hosier lane in Cordwainers street.

The upper part of this street towards Cheape, was called Hosier lane, of Hosiers dwelling there, in the place of Shoomakers: but now those Hosiers being worn out by Men of other Trades, (as the Hosiers had worn out the Shoomakers) the same is called Bow lane, of Bow Church.

On the west side of Cordwainer street, is Basing lane, right over against Turnhase lane. This Basing lane, west, to the back gate of the Red Lion in Watheling street, is of this Cordwainer street Ward.

Basing lane.

Now again on the north side of the high street, in Budge row, by the east end of St. Anthonines Church, have ye St. Sithes lane, so called of S. Sithes Church, (which standeth against the north end of that lane, and this place is wholly of Cordwainer street Ward. And also the south side of Needlers lane, which reacheth from the north end of St. Sithes lane, west to Sopers lane: then somewhat west from St. Anthonines Church, is the south end of Sopers lane, which took that name, not of making Sope there, as some have supposed, but of one Alleyne le Sopar, in the ninth of Edward II. I have not read of Sope- making in this City, till within this hundred years, that John Lambe, dwelling in Grass- street, set up a boyling house. For this City (in former time) was served of white Sope in hard cakes (called Castle Sope, and other) from beyond the Seas, and of gray Sope, speckled with white, very sweet and good, from Bristow: sold here for a penny the pound, and never above penny farthing, and black Sope for an half-penny the pound.

S. Sythes lane.

Needlers lane.

Sopers lane.

Sope-makers. how ancient.

Gray Sope made in London, dearer than bought from Bristow.

In this Sopers lane the Pepperers anciently dwelt, wealthy Tradesmen, who dealt in pices and Druggs: Two of this Trade were divers Maiors in the Reign of King Henry III. Viz. Andrew Bocherel and John de Gisorcio, or Gisors. In the Reign of King Edward II. Anno 1315. they came to be governed by Rules and Orders, Which are extant in one of the Books of the Chamber, under this Title, Ordinatio Piperarum de Sopers lane, beginning.

Pepperers of Sopers lane.

J. S.

Ces sount les Pointz que les bons gentz de Soperelane del mestier des peverers, &c. i.e. These are the Points which the good Men of Soperslane of the Mystery of Pepperers, by the Assent of Sir Stephen de Abyndone, Maior of London, John de Gisorce, Nicolas de Farendone, John de Wengrave. Robert de Kelstrey, Will. le Leyre, &c. Aldermen: have made for the common Benefit of the whole people of the Land, &c.]

Then in Bow lane (as they now call it) is Goose lane, by Bow Church. William Essex, Mercer, had Tenements there, in the 26 of Edward III.

Then from the South end of Bow lane, up Wathling street, till over against the Red Lion: And these be the bounds of Cordwainer street Ward.

Goose lane.

The Parish Church of St. ANTHONINES.


Touching Monuments therein: first you have the fair Parish Church of St. Anthonines in Budge row, [more vulgarly known by the name of St. Antlins] on the north side thereof. This Church was lately re-edified by Thomas Knowles, Grocer, Maior, and by Thomas his Son.

St. Anthonines.

This Church was repaired and beautified in the year of our Lord 1616. Toward which




© hriOnline, 2007
The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
34 Gell Street, Sheffield, S3 7QY