Strype, Survey of London(1720), [online] (hriOnline, Sheffield). Available from:
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The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
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Candlewicke Street Ward. 182

Candlewicke Street Ward.

Places of Name in this Part of the Street, are Gully Hole, being a Passage to the Water- house, and so to the Thames Side, which lyeth open to the Wharfs as far as the Stylliard in Dowgate Ward.

Gulley Hole.

Three Tun Alley on the North side, which is but small.

Three Tun Alley.

Churchyard Alley, but narrow and indifferent, falls down into the new Passage being the open Ground next the Thames, which said Passage leads to the Old Swan Stairs Westward, and to the Water-house Eastward as aforesaid.

Churchyard Alley.

Fishmongers Hall, a curious large Building with a handsome Passage paved with Free Stone, which leadeth into a large Square Court also paved, surrounded by the Hall, the Court Room, and other Apartments. The Front of this Hall towards the Thames is very graceful, giving a pleasant Prospect. And to it belongs a curious pair of Stairs to take Water at.

Fishmongers Hall.

North from Thamesstreet is St. Michaels Lane; which hath the greatest Part in Candlewick Ward. In the part of this Lane belonging to this Ward, is Fen Court, a handsome, open and well built Place with a Free Stone Pavement.

St. Michaels Lane.

Fen Court.

Three Tun Court, a good square Place, with an open Entrance for Carts.

Three Tun Court.

Ebgate Lane runs down to the Thames, and unto the Old Swan Stairs, much resorted unto by Watermen, and is of good Note.

Ebgate Lane.

The Old Swan Lane also runs down to the Water side, and leadeth to the said Stairs: The West side of this Lane is in Dowgate Ward.

Old Swan Lane.

St. Martins Lane, another Lane North from Thamesstreet, hath but a small part in this Ward, the greatest being in Candlewick Ward, as it was said of St. Michaels Lane.

There are to watch in this Ward at the several Stands every Night, besides the Constable and the Beadle, 25 Watchmen.

The Jurymen returned by the Wardmote Inquest for this Ward, are to serve in the several Courts in Guildhall in the Month of July.

This Ward hath an Alderman and his Deputy. For the Common Counsel, 16. Constables, 15. Scavengers, 6. For the Wardmote Inquest, 16. and a Beadle. It is taxed to the Fifteen in London at 47l. *.

*50l. first Edit.

** And in the Exchequer at 49l. 10s.

**Left out in the two last Edit.

The Alderman of this Ward is Sir George Mertins, Knt.




Weavers foreigners, anciently in Candlewicke Street. S. Clement Eastcheap. S. Mary Abchurch. S. Michael Crooked Lane. Sir William Walworth's Story. The Arms of the City. S. Martin Orgars. S. Laurence Pountney. Elizabeth Lucar qualified to a Wonder. The Modern State of this Ward.

CANDLEWICKE Street, or Candlewright Street Ward, beginneth at the East end of Great Eastcheap, it passeth West through Eastcheap to Candlewright Street, and through the same down to the North end of Suffolk Lane, on the South side, and down that Lane, by the West end of St. Laurence Churchyard; and that is the farthest West part of that Ward. The Street of Great Eastcheap is so called of the Market there kept in the East part of the City, as Westcheap is a Market so called, being in the West.

Candlewickstreet, or Candlewrightstreet Ward.

The Bounds.

Great Eastcheap.

This Eastcheap is now a Flesh-Market of Butchers, there dwelling on both sides of the Street; it had sometime also Cooks mixed amongst the Butchers, and such other as sold Victuals ready dressed of all sorts. For of old time, when Friends did meet, and were disposed to be merry, they went not to dine and sup in Taverns, (for they dressed not Meats to be sold) but to the Cooks, where they called for Meat what them liked, which they always found ready dressed, and at a reasonable rate, as I have before shewed.

Eastcheap a Cookes Row.

In the year 1410. the 11th of Henry IV. upon the Even of St. John Baptist, the Kings Sons, Thomas and John, being in Eastcheap at Supper, (or rather at Breakfast; for it was after the Watch was broken up; betwixt two and three of the Clock after Midnight) a great Debate happened between their Men, and other of the Court, which lasted one hour, even till the Maior and Sheriffs with other Citizens appeased the same: for the which afterwards, the said Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffs, were sent for to answer before the King; his Sons and divers Lords being highly moved against the City. At which time, William Gascoigne, Chief Justice, required the Maior and Aldermen, for the Citizens, to put them in the King's Grace. Whereunto they answered, that they had not offended, but (according to the Law) had done their best in stinting Debate, and maintaining of the Peace: upon which Answer the King remitted all his Ire, and dismissed them.

The Kings Sons beaten in Eastcheap.

There was no Tavern then in Eastcheap.

And to prove this Eastcheap to be a Place replenished with Cooks, it may appear by a Song, called London Lickpenny, made by Lidgate a Monk of Bury, in the Reign of Henry V. in the Person of a Countrey-man coming to London, and travelling through the same. In Westcheap (saith the Song) he was called on to buy fine Lawne, Paris Thread, Cotton Umble, and other Linen Clothes, and such like: (he speaketh of no Silks) In Cornhil, to buy old Apparel, and Houshold Stuff; where he was forced to buy his own Hood, which he had lost in Westminster Hall. In Candlewright Street, Drapers profered him cheap Cloth: In Eastcheap, the Cooks cryed Hot Ribs of Beef rosted, Pyes well baked, and other Victuals: There was clattering of Pots, Harp, Pipe and Sawtrie;

London Lickpenny.

In Westcheap Linen Cloth sold, but no Silks spoken of.


Upholders upon Cornhill, Sellers of old Apparel and Houshold Stuff.



© hriOnline, 2007
The Stuart London Project, Humanities Research Institute, The University of Sheffield,
34 Gell Street, Sheffield, S3 7QY