Cornhil Ward. Tun upon Cornhil. 134

Cornhil Ward. Tun upon Cornhil.

there in the Yeere 1582. in manner following: A certain German, or Dutch Man born, named Peter Morris, having made an artificiall Forcier for that purpose, conveyed Thames Water in Pipes of Lead, over the Steeple of St. Magnus Church, at the North end of London Bridge, and from thence into divers Mens Houses in Thames-street, new Fish-street, and Grass-street. up to the North West Corner of Leadenhall, the highest Ground of all the Citie. Where the waste of the maine Pipe rising into this Standard, (provided at the Charges of the Citie) with foure Spouts, runneth four ways, at every Tide, according to Covenenant, plentifully serving to the commodity of the Inhabitants neere adjoyning in their Houses, and also cleansing the Chanels of the Street toward Bishopsgate, Aldgate, the Bridge, and the Stocks Market. But now no such Matter: by whose default I know not.

Peter Morris.

The highest Ground of the Citie of London.

Then have ye the Conduit, of sweet Water, castellated in the midst of that Ward and Street. This Conduit was first builded of Stone in the yeere1282. by Henry Wallis, Maior of London, to be a Prison for Night-walkers, and other suspicious Persons, and was called the Tunne upon Cornehill, because the same was builded somewhat in fashion of a Tunne, standing on the one end.

A Conduit here.

The Tun upon Cornehill, a prison-house for night-walkers.

Also without the West side of this Tun was a fair Well of Springing Water, curbed round with hard Stone.

To this Prison of the Tun the Night Watches of this Citie committed not onely Night- walkers, but also other Persons, as well Spiritual as Temporal, whom they suspected of Incontinencie, and punished them according to the Customes of this Citie: but complaint thereof being made, about the yeere of Christ, 1297. King Edward the first writeth to his Citizens thus:

Temporal Men punish Spiritual Persons for Incontinency.

The Bishop complaineth.

The King forbids the Laity for punishing the Clergymen.

Edward by the Grace of God, &c. Whereas Richard Gravesend, Bishop of London, hath shewed unto us, that by the great Charter of England, the Church hath a Priviledge, that no Clerke should be imprisoned by a Lay-man, without our Commandment, and Breach of Peace; which notwithstanding, some Citizens of London, upon meere spight, doe enter in their Watches into Clerks Chambers, and then (like Felons) carry them to the Tunne, which Henry le Wallis, sometime Maior, built for Night-walkers. Wherefore wee will that this our Commaundement be proclaimed in a full Hoystings; and that no Watch hereafter enter into any Clerks Chamber, under the forfeit of 30 pound. Dated at Carlile the 18. of March, the 25. of our Reigne.

More I read that about the yeere of Christ, 1299. the 27. of Edward the first, certain principal Citizens of London, to wit, T. Romane, Richard Gloucester, Nicholas Faringdon, Adam Helingbury, T. Saly, John Dunstable, Richard Ashwy, John Wade, and William Strotford brake up this Prison, called the Tunne, and tooke out certaine Prisoners. For the which they were sharply punished, by long Imprisonment, and great Fines, as in another Place I have shewed. It cost the Citizens (as some have written) more than 20000 Markes, which they were amerced in, before William de March, Treasurer of the Kings Exchequer, to purchase the Kings Favour, and the Confirmation of their Liberties.

Citizens of London break up the Tun upon Cornhill.

Tho. Walsingham.

Also, that in the yeere 1383, the seventh of Richard the second, the Citizens of London taking upon them the Rights that belonged to their Bishops, first imprisoned such Women as were taken in Fornication or Adultery, in the said Tunne; and after, bringing them forth to the Sight of the World, they caused their Heads to be shaven, after the manner of Theeves, whom they named Appellatora, and so to be led about the City, in Sight of all the Inhabitants, with Trumpets and Pipes sounding before them, that their Persons might be the more largely knowne: Neither did they spare such kind of Men a whit the more, but used them as hardly, saying; They abhorred not only the Negligence of their Prelates, but also detested their Avarice, that studied for Money, omitted the Punishment limited by Law, and permitted those that were found guilty to live favourably by their Fines. Wherefore they would themselves, they said, purge their Citie from such Filthiness, lest through Gods Vengeance, either the Pestilence or Sword should happen to them, or that the Earth should swallow them. Last of all to be noted, I reade in the Charge of the Wardmote Inquest in every Ward in this Citie, these Words: If there bee any Priest in Service within the Ward, which before-time hath beene set in the Tunne in Cornehill for his Dishonesty, and hath forsworne the Citie, all such shall bee presented.

Citizens of London punished Fornication and Adultery in Priests as well as others, without partiality.

Priests punished in the Tun upon Cornhill forced to forsweare this City.

Thus much for the Tunne in Cornhill have I read.

Now, for the Punishment of Priests, in my Youth, one Note and no more. John Atwod, Draper, dwelling in the Parish of St. Michael upon Cornehill, directly against the Church, having a proper Woman to his Wife, such an one as seemed the holiest amongst a thousand, had also a lusty Chauntry Priest of the said Parish Church, repairing to his House, with the which Priest, the said Atwod would sometime after supper play a Game at Tables for a pint of Ale. It chanced on a time, having haste of worke, and his Game proving long, he left his Wife to play it out, and went downe to his Shop: but returning to fetch a pressing-iron, he found such play (to his misliking) that hee forced the Priest to leap out at a Window, over the Penthouse into the Street, and so run to his Lodging in the Churchyard. Atwod and his Wife were soon reconciled, so that he would not suffer her to be called in question; but the Priest being apprehended and committed, I saw his Punishment be thus: He was on three Market Days conveyed thorow the high Street and Markets of the Citie, with a Paper on his Head, wherein was written his Trespasse. The first Day hee rode in a Carry; the second, on a Horse, his Face to the Horse Taile; the third, led betwixt twaine, and every day rung with Basons, and Proclamations made of his Fact at every turning of the Streets, and also before John Atwod's Stall, and the Church Doore of his Service, where he lost his Chauntry of twenty Nobles the Yeere, and was banished the Citie for ever.

A Priest punished for Lechery.

In the yeere 1401. the said Prison-house, called the Tunne, was made a Cesterne for sweet Water, conveyed by Pipes of Lead from Tyborne, and was from thenceforth called the Conduit upon Cornehill. Then was the Wall plancked over, and a strong Prison made of Timber, called a Cage, with a Pair Stocks set upon it; and this was for Night-walkers. On the top of which Cage was placed a Pillory, for the Punishment of Bakers, offending in the Assise of Bread; for Millers stealing of Corne at the Mill, and for Bawds and Scolds, and other Offenders.

The Conduit upon Cornhill.

Cage, Stocks and pillory in Cornhill.

Bakers, Millers, Bauds, Scolds, and common Jurors for Rewards, punished on the pillory.

As in the yeere 1468. the 7. of Ed. 4. divers Persons, being common Jurors, such as at Assises were forsworne for Rewards, or Favour of Parties, were judged to ride from Newgate to the Pillorie in Cornhill, with Miters of Paper on their Heads: there to stand, and from thence againe to Newgate. And this Judgment was given by the Maior of London.

False Swearers pillorized here.