|Broadstreet Ward. St. Augustine Friers. ||111
The Minister hath a Parsonage House, adjoining to the Church on the West side.
The Bounds of the Parish are needless to be spoken of, because their Circuit
no extent of Ground. Mr. Andrew Geneway, the Parson, used me here very kindly.]
Bounds of the Parish.
On the other side of the Street, among many proper Houses, (possessed for the
part by Curriers) is the Carpenters Hall. Which Company was incorprated in the
Year of Edward the Fourth.
Then East from the Curriers Row, is a long and high Wall of Stone, inclosing the
side of a large Garden, adjoining to as large an House, builded in the Reigns of
VIII. and of Edward VI. by Sir William Powlet [Earl of Wilts, and after, Marquis
Winchester] Lord Treasurer of England. Thorough this Garden, which (of old
consisted of divers parts, now united, was sometimes a Foot Way, leading by the
end of the Augustine Friers Church straight North, and opened somewhat West from
Alhallows Church against London Wall, towards Moorgate, which Foot Way had
Gates at either end, locked up every Night; but now the same way (being taken
those Gardens) the Gates are closed up with Stone, whereby the People are
go about by St. Peter's Church, and the East end of the said Friers Church, and
said great Place and Garden of Sir William Powlet to London Wall, and so to
Sir William Powlet's Garden.
A Lane stopped up there.
Sir William Powlet Lord Treasurer's House in
But of later Years those Gardens are all improved into good Building, which make
fair Street, called Winchester Street, so named from the said Marquis of
and passeth out of Brodestreet Westward, and cometh out near against Moorgate
Here was a great Messuage called the Spanish Ambassador's House, of late
by Sir James Houblon, Kt. and Alderman of London: And also other fair Houses of
John Buckworth, and other Merchants.]
This great House adjoining to the Garden aforsaid, stretcheth to the North
Broadstreet, and then turneth up Broadstreet, all that side, to the East end of
Friers Church. It was builded by the said Lord Treasurer, in place of Augutine
House, Cloyster, and Gardens, &c. The Friers Church he pulled not down, but
West end thereof, inclosed from the Steeple and Quire, was in the Year 1550.
the Dutch Nation in London, to be their Preaching Place.
The Dutch Church, a Part of the Friars
But in the Fourth of King Edward VI. he granted, by Letters Patents dated the
July, 1551. all that Church, except the Quire, to John A Lasco, and a
Germans and other Strangers, fled hither for the sake of Religion, and to their
Successors, in puram & liberam Eleemosynam, and the Church to be called the
of the Lord Jesus; and A Lasco to be the first Superintendent, and Gualter de
Martinus Flandrus, Francis Riverius and Richardus Gallus, to be the four first
Ministers. And this Gift hath been confirmed by the successive Princes to the
Strangers, and remains to them to this Day; for the holy Uses of Prayer,
Administration of the Sacraments. This is a very spacious and comely Church,
a part of that Church that belonged to the Augustine Friers. There is a fair
erected on the West part of it, which is very ornamental as well as useful. And
Ministers which are now reduced to two, have convenient Houses allotted them in
K. Edward his Charter for this Church.
The aforesaid Charter is extant in the Collec-
tion of Records to the History of the Reformation. Vol. II. Book I. Num. LI.
It has been customary for the Dutch and Walloon Churches to pay a Deference to
Bishop of London, and to each Lord Maior, upon their first Access to their
Charge: and to present them with a Piece of Plate. Their Ministers and Elders
Churches, as Representatives of the whole, at some convenient time make their
Appearance before them, and one of the Ministers makes a short Speech, to the
in Latin, to the Maior in English. The Sum of what is spoken to the Bishop is,
shew the original Plantation of their Church in London by a Charter of King
VI. in the Year 1550. Untill they, with many other pious Christians, were fain
the Realm in the Reign of Queen Mary. But yet that in the Year 1558. upon the
Success of the Reformed Religion restored under Q. Elizabeth, they began to fly
again by little and little, as to a Sanctuary, from the Persecution of Duke
Guises and Prince of Parma; She, a true Mother in Israel, restoring them the
Privileges granted them by K. Edward. That K. James I. her Successor willed
Liberty of theirs to remain to them inviolate. That their Ministers have all
along to that
time been Men of Piety and Learning, preserving Peace and Brotherhood with the
English Churches. And that as for the Bishops of this Diocese of London, it
from their Records, how lovingly in their Restoration Grindal received them: and
Edwin Sandys the next Bishop most prudently performed in appeasing certain
unseasonable Controversies arisen among them: and how Brotherly all the rest of
Bishops of London since had offered their Assistances to them. The like they
promised themselves from him; And so congratulating him his Preferment, and his
Merit of it for his Piety and Eloquence so well known in Court, in the
University, in the
City and whole Kingdom, they conclude with a Prayer that God would endue him
his holy Spirit, that by his Ministry the Glory of God might be promoted and his
The Dutch Congregations Address to the Bishop
Archiv. Eccles. Belgic.
The Import of their Address to the Lord Maior is,
"That they appear there
Honour, to congratulate him in the Name of their Congregations according to
yearly Custom. They pray Almighty God by his holy Spirit to qualify him for the
Duties belonging to his high Office and Calling, that God's Glory may be
and the Church edified. And lastly, beseeching him according to the Examples of
Predecessors to be favourable unto them Strangers, fled hither at first for the
Profession of the Gospel, and hitherto charitably entertained in this honourable
And then they dine with the Lord Maior."
To which let me add a Word a two more of the Countenance Authority hath always
given to this Dutch Church. When upon the Access of King James I. to the Crown
Great Britain An. 1603. the said Church made their humble Address to him, he
answered them in French,
"That the Queen departed made her self renowned
through the whole World by two Things; The one was, that she always entertained
cherished the Service of God in her Kingdom, and the other, her Hospitality
Strangers. Which Commendation of hers he was desirous to inherit. That if
had offered itself, when he was at a Distance, and lived as in a Corner of the
would have made known his good Affection to them: but now that it had pleased
Queen Elizabeth's Favour to this Church.
MSS. in Archiv. Eccles. Belgic.
King James's Protestation to them.