Broadstreet Ward. St. Augustine Friers. 111

Broadstreet Ward. St. Augustine Friers.

The Minister hath a Parsonage House, adjoining to the Church on the West side. No other Glebe.]

Parsonage House.

The Bounds of the Parish are needless to be spoken of, because their Circuit containeth no extent of Ground. Mr. Andrew Geneway, the Parson, used me here very kindly.]

Bounds of the Parish.

A. M.

On the other side of the Street, among many proper Houses, (possessed for the most part by Curriers) is the Carpenters Hall. Which Company was incorprated in the 17th Year of Edward the Fourth.

Carpenters Hall.

Then East from the Curriers Row, is a long and high Wall of Stone, inclosing the North side of a large Garden, adjoining to as large an House, builded in the Reigns of Henry VIII. and of Edward VI. by Sir William Powlet [Earl of Wilts, and after, Marquis of Winchester] Lord Treasurer of England. Thorough this Garden, which (of old time) consisted of divers parts, now united, was sometimes a Foot Way, leading by the West end of the Augustine Friers Church straight North, and opened somewhat West from Alhallows Church against London Wall, towards Moorgate, which Foot Way had Gates at either end, locked up every Night; but now the same way (being taken into those Gardens) the Gates are closed up with Stone, whereby the People are inforced to go about by St. Peter's Church, and the East end of the said Friers Church, and all the said great Place and Garden of Sir William Powlet to London Wall, and so to Moorgate.

Curriers Row.

Sir William Powlet's Garden.

A Lane stopped up there.

Sir William Powlet Lord Treasurer's House in Broadstreet.

But of later Years those Gardens are all improved into good Building, which make a fair Street, called Winchester Street, so named from the said Marquis of Winchester; and passeth out of Brodestreet Westward, and cometh out near against Moorgate North. Here was a great Messuage called the Spanish Ambassador's House, of late inhabited by Sir James Houblon, Kt. and Alderman of London: And also other fair Houses of Sir John Buckworth, and other Merchants.]

Winchester Street.

J. S.

This great House adjoining to the Garden aforsaid, stretcheth to the North Corner of Broadstreet, and then turneth up Broadstreet, all that side, to the East end of the said Friers Church. It was builded by the said Lord Treasurer, in place of Augutine Friers House, Cloyster, and Gardens, &c. The Friers Church he pulled not down, but the West end thereof, inclosed from the Steeple and Quire, was in the Year 1550. letten to the Dutch Nation in London, to be their Preaching Place.

The Dutch Church, a Part of the Friars Church.

But in the Fourth of King Edward VI. he granted, by Letters Patents dated the 24th of July, 1551. all that Church, except the Quire, to John A Lasco, and a Congregation of Germans and other Strangers, fled hither for the sake of Religion, and to their Successors, in puram & liberam Eleemosynam, and the Church to be called the Temple of the Lord Jesus; and A Lasco to be the first Superintendent, and Gualter de Leone, Martinus Flandrus, Francis Riverius and Richardus Gallus, to be the four first Ministers. And this Gift hath been confirmed by the successive Princes to the Dutch Strangers, and remains to them to this Day; for the holy Uses of Prayer, Preaching and Administration of the Sacraments. This is a very spacious and comely Church, tho' but a part of that Church that belonged to the Augustine Friers. There is a fair Library erected on the West part of it, which is very ornamental as well as useful. And the Ministers which are now reduced to two, have convenient Houses allotted them in the said Friers.

K. Edward his Charter for this Church.

J. S.

The aforesaid Charter is extant in the Collec- tion of Records to the History of the Reformation. Vol. II. Book I. Num. LI.

It has been customary for the Dutch and Walloon Churches to pay a Deference to every Bishop of London, and to each Lord Maior, upon their first Access to their Dignity and Charge: and to present them with a Piece of Plate. Their Ministers and Elders of both Churches, as Representatives of the whole, at some convenient time make their Appearance before them, and one of the Ministers makes a short Speech, to the Bishop in Latin, to the Maior in English. The Sum of what is spoken to the Bishop is, "To shew the original Plantation of their Church in London by a Charter of King Edward VI. in the Year 1550. Untill they, with many other pious Christians, were fain to fly the Realm in the Reign of Queen Mary. But yet that in the Year 1558. upon the happy Success of the Reformed Religion restored under Q. Elizabeth, they began to fly hither again by little and little, as to a Sanctuary, from the Persecution of Duke D'Alva, the Guises and Prince of Parma; She, a true Mother in Israel, restoring them the Place and Privileges granted them by K. Edward. That K. James I. her Successor willed this Liberty of theirs to remain to them inviolate. That their Ministers have all along to that time been Men of Piety and Learning, preserving Peace and Brotherhood with the English Churches. And that as for the Bishops of this Diocese of London, it appeared from their Records, how lovingly in their Restoration Grindal received them: and what Edwin Sandys the next Bishop most prudently performed in appeasing certain unseasonable Controversies arisen among them: and how Brotherly all the rest of the Bishops of London since had offered their Assistances to them. The like they certainly promised themselves from him; And so congratulating him his Preferment, and his Merit of it for his Piety and Eloquence so well known in Court, in the University, in the City and whole Kingdom, they conclude with a Prayer that God would endue him with his holy Spirit, that by his Ministry the Glory of God might be promoted and his Church edified."

The Dutch Congregations Address to the Bishop and Maior.

J. S.

Archiv. Eccles. Belgic.

The Import of their Address to the Lord Maior is, "That they appear there before his Honour, to congratulate him in the Name of their Congregations according to their yearly Custom. They pray Almighty God by his holy Spirit to qualify him for the great Duties belonging to his high Office and Calling, that God's Glory may be advanced, and the Church edified. And lastly, beseeching him according to the Examples of his Predecessors to be favourable unto them Strangers, fled hither at first for the true Profession of the Gospel, and hitherto charitably entertained in this honourable City. And then they dine with the Lord Maior."

To which let me add a Word a two more of the Countenance Authority hath always given to this Dutch Church. When upon the Access of King James I. to the Crown of Great Britain An. 1603. the said Church made their humble Address to him, he answered them in French, "That the Queen departed made her self renowned through the whole World by two Things; The one was, that she always entertained and cherished the Service of God in her Kingdom, and the other, her Hospitality towards Strangers. Which Commendation of hers he was desirous to inherit. That if Occasion had offered itself, when he was at a Distance, and lived as in a Corner of the World, he would have made known his good Affection to them: but now that it had pleased God "

Queen Elizabeth's Favour to this Church.

MSS. in Archiv. Eccles. Belgic.

King James's Protestation to them.