Bishopsgate Ward. Places here. 107

Bishopsgate Ward. Places here.

hath a Passage into George Yard. Bell Yard, a good, large and well built Place, having a Passage into St. Peter's Churchyard. Which Church, although in part standing in this Street, yet being in Cornhill Ward is there treated of. Corbet's Court, a good, large, open, well built and inhabited place. Near unto this Court is Tobacco Roll Court, which hath but one good House in it. Church Alley, adjoining to St. Peter's Church, treated of in Cornhill Ward. This Alley with a turning Passage falls into Cornhill.

Bell Yard.

Corbets Court.

Tobacco Roll Court.

Church Alley.

Then on the East side of this Street, within the Limits of this Ward which begins at Fenchurch Street, is Bores Head Court, an open place taken up with Ware Houses, for whole Sale Dealers.

Boars Head Court.

Leadenhall Herb Market, large, and not inferior to any in London, is in this Ward; but the other parts of Leadenhall, viz. the Flesh Market, and the Fish Market, &c. are in Limestreet Ward. From this Street the Ward, with somewhat a narrow Passage betwixt Cornhill, and Leadenhall Street, falleth into Bishopsgate Street.

Leadenhall Herb Market.

Bishopsgate Street is large, long and spacious, and generally well inhabited. But the Fire of London, 1666, not coming into these Parts, the Houses for the most part are old Timber Buildings and nothing uniform. The like are the Parts without the Gate, but not so good, except in some places, as Devonshire Square, &c.

Bishopsgate Street.

In this Street are these Courts, Alleys, and Places of name, beginning on the Southern part, and so towards the Gate North. Sun Yard, a large place with a Passage into Broadstreet, taken up for Stablings and Coach Houses, and a Coach Maker, and some private Houses.

Sun Yard.

Gresham College, a large but old Building, which encompasseth a large square Court; this being anciently the Seat of Sir Tho. Gresham, Kt. and now called Gresham College.

Gresham Colledge.

A little beyond this College are divers great Inns, viz. the Bull Inn, the Green Dragon, and the Four Swans, all three large, and of a considerable Trade, and resort for Waggons and Stage Coaches that go Northwards. Here is the Queen's Head Tavern, which hath a Passage into Queen's Head Alley, leading into Broadstreet. Sutton Court, but narrow, with a Free Stone Pavement, being a new built Court, with neat Brick Houses. Peahen Alley, but ordinary. The Vine Inn, but indifferent, seated near unto Bishopsgate. Some part of Wormwood Street is in this Ward: But the greatest part is in Broadstreet Ward.

Bull Inn.

Green Dragon Inn.

Four Swans Inn.

Queens Head Alley.

Sutton Court.

Peahen Alley.

Vine Inn.

Wormwood Street.

The places East of Bishopsgate Street, beginning at the Gate within, are as followeth;

Camomile Street, which runneth beyond Saint Mary Axe, but the part in this Ward goeth but a little beyond Cook's Court. This is a Street but of small account either as to its Buildings or Inhabitants. Clark's Alley, but ordinary, especially that part which leadeth to Camomile Street. Angel Court, both small and ordinary. St. Ethelborough Church, a small old built Church, hath a Spire Steeple, and a Dial hanging over the Street. It is in the Diocess if London. The Prioress of St. Helen's was Patroness.

Camomile Street.

Clarks Alley.

Angel Court.

St. Ethelburge Church.

Little St. Helen's, a good large place, having one or two Courts within it, with good old Timber Houses, well inhabited; some by Merchants; at the lower End of which is seated Leathersellers Hall, a very large and handsome Pile of Building with a Garden. And here were Almshouses built for some Poor of the Company of Leathersellers.

Little St. Helen's

Leathersellers Hall.

Great St. Helen's, a handsome open and large Court, with rows of good Houses, well inhabited, on the East side of the Church and Church- yard: which is gracefully seated in the midst of the Court, with rows of Trees round about the Churchyard, very pleasant in the Summer Season; the Church is large and comely, and adorned with many stately Monuments, but wants a Steeple, the Bells hanging in a poor wooden Frame, some distance from the Church. Over the Church Door on the South is this Inscription:

Great St. Helen's.

St. Helen's Church.

Laus Deo. St. HELENA.

Passing this Court the Passenger is led to two others, both of the same name, also well inhabited; which with a winding Passage leads into St. Mary Axe, over against St. Andrew Undershaft Church; and in this part of St. Helen's, on the South side is a Passage to Crosby Square, which is the next place of remark on the East side of Bishopsgate Street, anciently a great Messuage. This large Building hath been of late Years converted into a curious open Square, with fair Brick Buildings, well inhabited by Gentry and Merchants, the Houses having Palisado Pales before, and Gardens behind them. Out of this Square is a Passage through a Back-gateway, passing by a large Warehouse belonging to the East India Company, and so into Great St. Helen's. This Crosby House, before its Building, was the Habitation of Sir James Langham that eminent Citizen.

Crosby Square.

Bishopsgate Street Without.


Having viewed the Ward within the Gate, we pass now to that part that stands without it.

This is also a very broad and spacious Street, but not so well built and inhabited as that within the Wall. It runs Northwards a great length, but no further in the Freedom then unto the Bars. In the Description of this Street, I begin next the Gate, with Saint Buttolph Bishopsgate Church, and so take in all Places to the Bars on that side; and then I shall come back from the Bars on the other side unto Bishopsgate again.

Bishopsgate Street without the Gate.

St. Buttolph Bishopsgate Church large but old, built with Galleries round to the darkening of it, seated in the middle of the Churchyard enclosed with a Brick Wall.

St. Botolph's Bishopsgate Church.

Adjoining to this Churchyard is the Rector's House. And here an open Passage leads to a spacious House, with a fine Garden, and Yard before it graced with Trees, and a handsome Stone Figure standing on a Pedestal in the middle of the Court, the Seat of Francis Dashwood, Esq; deceased.

The Rector's House.

White Hart Court, a good large open Place, with handsome Buildings, especially the House that fronts the Court, which takes up the breadth thereof.

White Hart Court.

Then you come to Bethlem, vulgarly called Bedlam. A Lane, where in stood an ancient charitable House for the keeping and cure of Lunaticks. But this Hospital being grown very old and much decayed in its Buildings, and likewise its Situation being very close and pent up with Houses, the Lord Maior and Court of Aldermen (to whose care it belonged) thought fit to erect another more commodious, which they finished soon after the late dreadful Fire of London, being now built in Morefields, contiguous to London Wall: It is a very spacious substantial Building, with a Wall before it, paved with Free Stone, and enclosed with a Brick Wall; very commodious for the Use and Purpose intended by it.


The present State of Bethlem.

Upon the finishing of this new Bethlem, this old House became disused, and is now converted into Buildings. The Place which generally go-

Old Bethlem.