Bishopsgate Ward. Places here. 106

Bishopsgate Ward. Places here.

Court, and in the Time of King Henry VIII. was in the Crown, and was so pleasantly situate that that King delighted in it, saith Camden, above any other of his Houses.]

Britann. Trinob.

Richard Duke of Glocester, and Lord Protector, afterward King, by the Name of Rich. III. was lodged in this House.

Richard Duke of Glocester lodged at Crosby House.

While his Nephew Edward V. reigned, here he acted his Feats; and here the Citizens came to him with their Professions of Acceptance of him, and desiring him to accept the Crown.]

J. S.

Since which Time, among other, Anthonio Bonvice, a rich Merchant of Italy, dwelled there. On whom it seems King Henry VIII. bestowed it Ann. 1542. with all belonging to it: as appears by the Copy of the Grant which I have seen, running thus, Sciatis, &c. "Know ye, that we of our special Grace, certain Knowledge and mere Motion, give and grant unto the said Anthony Bonvice the Reversion and Reversions of the said Messuage and Tenement with the Appurtenances, commonly called Crosby Place, and all the said Houses, Solars, Cellars, Gardens, Lanes, Messuages, Tenements, void Places of Land, and all other and singular Premisses with the Appurtenances, lying and situate in St. Helen's, and Parcel of the said late Priory, &c." Teste Rege apud Westmonast. 9 die Sept. An. Regni Reg. Henrici Octavi 34.]

Bonvice an Italian lived here, and others.

J. S.

After him German Cioll dwelt here.

Then William Bond, Alderman, increased this House in Height, with building a Turret on the top thereof: He deceased in the Year 1576. and was buried in St. Helen's Church. Divers Ambassadors have been lodged there; namely, in the Year 1586. Henry Ramelius, Chancellor of Denmark, Ambassador unto the Queen's Majesty of England from Frederick II. King of Denmark: An Ambassador of France, &c. Sir John Spencer, Alderman, lately purchased this House, made great Reparations, kept his Maioralty there, and since builded a most large Warehouse near thereunto.

In the first of King James I. when divers Ambassadors came into England, Monsieur de Rosney, Great Treasurer of France, with his Retinue (which was very splendid) was there harboured, the House then belonging to Sir John Spencer. Within Bishopsgate also (and I know not where else, unless here) the same Year were lodged the youngest Son of William Prince of Orange, Monsieur Fulke, and the learned Monsieur Barnevelt, who came from the States of Holland and Zealand: This large and convenient House is now built into a Square of good Houses, and called Crosby Square.]

Ambassadors to King James I. lodged here.

J. S.

Crosby Square.

From this Crosby Place up to Leadenhall Corner, and so down Grass Street, among other Tenements, are divers fair and large builded Houses for Merchants and such like.

Now for the other Side of this Ward, namely the Right Hand, hard by within the Gate, is one fair Water-Conduit, which Tho. Knesworth, Maior in the Year 1505. founded. He gave 60 Pounds, the rest was furnished at the common Charges of the City. This Conduit hath since been taken down, and new builded. David Woodroffe, Alderman, gave 20 Pounds towards the Conveyance of more Water thereto.

Water Conduit at Bishopsgate.

From this Conduit have ye (amongst mant fair Tenements) divers fair Inns, large for Receipt of Travellers, and some Houses for Men of Worhsip; namely, one most spacious of all other thereabouts, builded of Brick and Timber, by Sir Thomas Gresham Knt. who deceased in the Year 1579. and was bureid in St. Helen's Church, under a fair Monument, by him prepared in his Life: He appointed by his Testament this house to be made a College of Readers, as before is said in the Chapter of Schools and Houses of Learning.

Sir Thomas Gresham's House.

Somewhat West from this House, is one other fair House, wherein Sir William Hollis kept his Maioralty, and was buried in the Parish Church of St. Helen. Sir Andrew Jud also kept his Maioralty there, and was buried at St. Helen's. He builded Almshouses for six poor Alms-People near to the said Parish Church, and gave Lands to the Skinners, out of which they are to give 4s. every Week to the six poor Alms-People 8d. the Piece, and 25s. 4d. the Year in Coals amongst them for ever.

Sir Andrew Jud his Almshouses.

Alice Smith of London Widow, late Wife of Thomas Smith of the same City, Esq; and Customer of the Port of London, in her last Will and Testament bequeathed Lands to the Value of 15l. by the Year for ever, to the Company of Skinners, for the augmenting of the Pensions of certain Poor, inhabiting in eight Almshouses, erected by Sir Andrew Jud Knt. her Father, in the Parish of Great St. Helen's in Bishopsgate Street in London. She hath also given in her said last Will and Testament to other charitable Uses, as to the Hospitals, and to the Poor of other Parishes, and good Preachers, the Sum of 300l. As also to the poor Scholars in the two Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, the Sum of 200l. Of which her last Will and Testament she made her Son Thomas Smith late Sheriff of London, and Richard and Robert Smith her Executors. Who have performed the same according to her godly and charitable Mind. This Paragraph was expressly by Stow himself ordered to be here inserted; whatever the Reason was that it happened to be left out in the after-Editions.]

Alice Smith's Addition to Jud's Almshouses.

J. S.

Then in the very West Corner, over against the East End of St. Martin Oteswich, (from whence the Street windeth towards the South) you had, of old time, a fair Well with two Buckets, so fastned, that the drawing up of the one let down the other; but now of late that Well is turned into a Pump.

The Well with two Buckets.

From this to the Corner over against Leadenhall, and so down Grass Street, are many fair Houses for Merchants and Artificers, and many fair Inns for Travellers, even to the Corner where that Ward endeth, over against Grass Church.

Now to describe the Streets and Places of this Ward, as they stand at this present Time.

The modern Estate of this Ward.

This Ward within the Wall suffered not much by the Fire of London, 1666. and the Parts without nothing at all.

R. B.

Of these two general Parts I shall first begin with that within the Wall, wherein are those Streets, Lanes, and Alleys in whole, or in part, viz.

Grass Church Street on both sides the way from Cornhill to Lombard Street, and Fenchurch Street.

Places within Bishopsgate.

Bishopsgate Street in the whole.

St. Helen's, both the great and small, in whole.

Crosby Square in the whole.

Camomile Street in the whole.

Wormwood Street, but a small part. And in these Streets are divers Courts and Alleys.

Grass Church Street, a large and spacious Street, with well built and lofty Houses, inhabited by good Tradesmen, the whole Street begins at Eastcheap, and falls into Leadenhall Street at the four cross Streets. But the part in this Ward begins at Lombard Street End, as before noted.

Grass Church Street.

In this Street on the West side are these Courts and Places of name, viz. Cross Keys Inn, a place of a great resort, large and well built,

Cross Keys Inn.