|Bishopsgate Ward. St. Ethelburgh. ||99
There were also found divers Dishes and Cups, of a fine red coloured Earth,
shewed outwardly such a shining smoothness, as if they had been of Corral.
had (in the bottoms) Roman Letters printed, there were also Lamps of white
red artificially wrought with divers Anitiques about them, some three or four
made of white Earth, about a Span long each of them: One I remember was of
the rest I have forgotten. I my self have reserved (amongst divers of those
there found) one Urna, with the Ashes and Bones, and one Pot of white Earth very
small, not exceeding the quantity of a quarter of a wine Pint, made in the shape
Hare, squatted upon her Legs, and between her Ears is the Mouth of the Pot.
Dishes and Cups found here,
There hath allso been found (in the same Field) divers Coffins of Stone,
Bones of Men: There I suppose to be the Burials of some special Persons, in time
Britons, or Saxons, after that the Romans had left to govern here. Moreover,
were also found the Skulls and Bones of Men, without Coffins, or rather whose
Coffins (being of great Timber) were consumed. Divers great Nails of Iron were
found, such as are used in the Wheels of shod Carts, being each of them as big
Man's Finger, and a quarter of a Yard long, the Heads two Inches over. Those
were more wondered at than the rest of the things there found, and many Opinions
Men were uttered of them; namely, that the Men there buried, were murthered by
driving those Nails into their Heads; a thing unlikely: For a smaller Nail would
aptly serve to so bad a purpose, and a more secret place would lightly be
Troughs of Stone found in the Spittle Field.
Great Nails of Iron found in the Field.
Fond Opinions of Men.
But to set down what I have observed oncerning this Matter. I there beheld the
of a Man lying (as I noted) the Head North, the Feet South, and round about him
thwart his Head, along both his Sides, and thwart his Feet) such Nails were
Wherefore I conjectured them to be the Nails of his Coffin, which had been a
cut out of some great Tree, and the same covered with a Plank of a great
fastened with such Nails, and therefore I caused some of the Nails to be reached
me; and found under the broad Heads of them, the old Wood, skant turned into
Earth, but still retaining both the grain and proper colour. Of these Nails
Wood under the Head thereof) I reserved one, as also the nether Jaw-bone of the
the Teeth being very great, sound and fast fixed; which (amongst many other
Monuments there found) I have yet to shew; but the Naile lying dry, is by
A Conjecture what they should be.
Dr. Meric Casaubon, (since thoise times wherein the things beforementioned were
observed) came into these Fields, being but a Boy, and saw one of these Graves
opened; where was a Skull Bone broken by him that digged the Ground, and the
scattered, and some carried away. But being observed to be beyond the ordinary
the King was acquainted with it, who appointed that the pieces should be
many as might be, and set together. Which was done and then being drawn out
according to Art, the proportion equalled a Bushel in the compass of it. There
Coins also found in that Grave. Some whereof the said Casaubon had: And as for
Skull he conjectured it was once a Giants, though some thought it might be an
Elephants. Such another Grave he speaks of, found in Dauphiné in France
old Coins about it: The Bones and Skeleton about 25½
Foot in length. Which he supposed might be a certain ancient Giant, named
Teutelochus; of which they had Traditions.]
A Skull here found as big as a Bushel.
Dr. Casaubon of Credulity.
And thus much for this part of Bishopsgate Ward, without the Gate: For I have in
another place spoken of the Gate, and therefore I am now to speak of that other
this Ward, which lyeth within the Gate.
The Ward within the Gate.
Only, the mention of certain Places hereabouts, in the Bishop of London's
Testaments, let this be inserted.
Walter Caketon by his Will, Aug. 18. 1430. gave to the Dean and College of the
free Chapel of St. Stephen's Westminster, 45s. 4d. Rent: Which he had of the
Grant of John Preston, Clerk, going yearly out of the Tenement Brewhouse called,
Scot on the Hoop, situate in Bishopsgate Street, between the Tenement of the
the Hospital of St. Mary without Bishopsgate on the North, and the Lane
St. Helen's on the South, and the Garden of the Parson of the Church of St. Mary
Somerset on the West. To have to the said Dean and College for ever: Under
Condition, that they keep the Anniversary of Robert Fewlmer, late Canon of the
aforesaid, and of the said John Preston, Canon of the said Chapel.]
Scot on the Hoop in Bishopsgate Street.
And first to begin on the left hand of Bishopsgate Street, from the Gate ye have
Tenements of old time pertaining to a Brotherhood of St. Nicholas, granted to
Parish Clerks of London for two Chaplains to be kept in the Chapel of St. Mary
Magdalen, near unto the Guild Hall of London, in the 27th of Henry the Sixth.
first of these Houses towards the North, and against the Wall of the City, was
sometime a large Inn or Court, called the Wrestlers of such a Sign, and the last
high Street towards the South, was sometime also a fair Inn called the Angel, of
Sign. Amongst these said Tenements was (on the same Street side) a fair Entry
Court to the common Hall of the said Parish Clerks, with proper Almshouses,
number, adjoining, for Parish Clerks, and their Wives, their Widows, such as
great Years not able to labour. One of these, by the said Brotherhood of Parish
was allowed sixteen Pence the Week, the other six had each of them nine Pence
Week, according to the Patent thereof granted. This Brotherhood (amongst other)
being suppressed: In the reign of Edward VI. the said Hall with the other
there, was given to Sir Robert Chestre, a Knight of Cambridgeshire. Against
the Parish Clerks commencing Sute, in the Reign of Queen Mary, and being like to
have prevailed, the said Sir Robert Chester pulled down the Hall, sold the
Stone and Lead, and thereupon the Sute was ended. The Almshouses remained in
Queen's Hands, and People are there placed, such as can make best Friends. Some
them taking the Pension appointed, have let forth their Houses for great Rent,
occasion to the Parson of the Parish, to challenge Tithes of the Poor, &c.
Clerks Hall and their Almshouses in Bishopsgate Street.
Sir Rob. Chester obtains the Parish Clerks Hall.
The Parish Church of St. ETHELBURGE.
Next unto this is the small Parish Church of St. Ethelburge, Virgin. This
repaired and beautified at the Charge of the Parishioners in theYear of our Lord
In the Year 1620. the Steeple greatly decayed was repaired. And in the Year
Gallery was built in the South Ile, at the proper Cost of Owen Saint-peere of
St. Ethelburge Parish.