Limestreet Ward. Leadenhall. 85

Limestreet Ward. Leadenhall.

the third of Edward IV. it was agreed by the Maior, Aldermen and Commonalty of London, that nothwithstanding the King Letters Patents, lately granted unto them, touching the Tronage or weighing of Wares, to be holden at the Leaden Hall; yet suit should be made to the King for new Letters Patents, to be granted to the Maior of the Staple, for the Tronage of Woolls to be holden there, and order to be taken by the Discretion of Thomas Cooke, then Maior, the Counsel of the City, Jeffrey Filding then Maior of the Staple at Westminster, and of the King's Council, what should be paid to the Maior and Aldermen of the City, for the laying and housing of the Woolls there, that so they might be brought forth and weighed, &c.

Touching the Chapel there, I find, that in the Year 1466. by Licence obtained of King Edward IV. in the sixth of his Reign, a Fraternity of the Trinity of sixty Priests (beside other Brethren and Sisters) in the same Chapel, was founded by William Rouse, John Risby, and Thomas Ashby, Priests. Some of the which sixty Priests, every Market Day in the Forenoon, did celebrate Divine Service there, to such Market People as repaired to Prayer. And once every Year they met all together, and had solemn Service, with Procession of all the Brethren and Sisters. This Foundation was in the Year 1512. by a Common Council confirmed to the sixty Trinity Priests and to their Successors, at the Will of the Maior and Commonalty.

Now it did befal, that in the Year 1484. a great Fire happened upon Leadenhall, by what Casualty I know not, but much housing was there destroyed, with all the Stocks for Guns, and other Provision belonging to the City, which was a great Loss, and no less Charge to be repaired by them.

In the Year 1503. the eighteenth of Henry the Seventh, a Request was made by the Commons of the City, concerning the usage of the said Leadenhall, in Form as followeth:

" Please it the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and Common Council, to enact, That all Frenchmen bringing Canvas, Linen Cloth, and other Wares to be sold, and all Foreigns bringing Wolsteds, Sayes, Stamins, Kiverings, Nails, Iron Work, or any other Wares, and also all manner Foreigns, bringing Lead to the City to be sold; shall bring all such their Wares aforesaid, to the open Market of the Leadenhall, there and no where else to be shewed, sold, and uttered, like as of old Time it hath been used, upon pain of Forfeiture of all the said Wares, shewed or sold in any other place than aforesaid; The shew of the said Wares to be made three Days in a Week, that is to say, Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. It is also thought reasonable, that the Common Beam be kept from henceforth in the Leadenhall. And the Farmer to pay therefore reasonable Rent to the Chamber: For better it is that the Chamber have advantage thereby, than a foreign Person. And also the said Leadenhall, which is more chargeable now by half then profitable, shall better bear out the Charges thereof. Also the Common Beam for Wooll at Leadenhall, may pay yearly a Rent to the Chamber of London, toward the Supportation and Charges of the same Place: For reason it is, that a common Office occupied upon a common Ground, bear a Charge to the Use of the Communalty. Also that Foreigns bringing Woolls, or any other Merchandizes or Wares to Leadenhall, to be kept there for the Sale and Market; may pay more largely for keeping of their Goods, than Freemen. Thus much for the Request of the Commons at this time."

Now to set down some Proof, that the said Hall hath been imployed and used as a Granary for Corn and Grain (as the same was first appointed) leaving all former Examples, this one may suffice: Roger Achley, Maior of London, in the Year 1512. the third of Henry VIII. when the said Maior entred the Maioralty, there was not found one hundred Quarters of Wheat in all the Garners of this City, either within the Liberties, or near adjoining. Through the which Scarcity, when the Carts of Stratford came laden with Bread to the City (as they had been accustomed) there was such press about them, that one Man was ready to destroy another, in striving to be served for their Money. But this Scarcity lasted not long: For the Maior (in short time) made such Provision of Wheat, that the Bakers both of London, and of Stratford, were weary of taking it up, and were forced to take much more than they would. And for the rest the Maior laid out the Money and stowed it up in Leadenhall, and other Garners in the City. This Maior also kept the Market so well, that he would be at the Leadenhall, by four a Clock in the Summers Mornings, and from thence he went to other Markets, to the great comfort of the Citizens.

I read also, that in the Year 1528. the 20. of Henry VIII. Surveyors were appointed to view the Garners of the City, namely, the Bridgehouse and the Leadenhall, how they were stored of Grain for the Service of the City. And because I have here before spoken of the Bread Carts coming from Stratford at the Bow, ye shall understand, that of old time, the Bakers of Bread at Stratford were allowed to bring daily (except the Sabbath and principal Feasts) divers long Carts laden with Bread, the same being two Ounces in the Penny Wheate Loaf, heavier than the Penny Wheat Loaf baked in the City, the same to be sold in Cheape, three or four Carts standing there, between Gutheran's Lane and Fauster's Lane End, one Cart on Cornhill, by the Conduit, and one other in Grass Street. And I have read, that in the fourth Year of Edward II. Richard Reffeham being Maior, a Baker named John of Stratford, for making Bread lesser than the Assise, was with a Fool's Hood on his Head, and Loaves of Bread about his Neck, drawn on a Hurdle through the Streets of this City.

Moreover, in the forty fourth of Edward the Third, John Chichester being Maior of London, I read in the Visions of Pierce Plowman, a Book so called, as followeth.

" There was a carefull commune, when no Cart came to Town with Baked bread fro Stratford: tho gan beggers weepe, and workemen were agast, a little this will be thought long in the date of our Dirte, in a dry Averell a thousand and three hundred, twice thirty and ten, &c. "

I read also in the twenty of Henry VIII. Sir James Spencer being Maior, six Bakers of Stratford were merced in the Guildhall of London, for baking under the Size appointed. These Bakers of Stratford left serving this City, I know not upon what occasion, about thirty Years since.

[In the first Edition of this SURVEY which was Anno 1598. the ceasing of these Stratford Bread Carts was said to be about thirty Years since; which then must be about the Year 1568.]

In the Year 1519. the tenth of Henry VIII. Sept. 28. a Petition was exhibited by the Commons to the Common Council, * and was by them allowed, concerning the Leadenhall, how they would have used it, viz.