Ealdgate Ward. The Bounds. 73

Ealdgate Ward. The Bounds.

Ecclesiæ & Reipublicæ. In this Place stood the old Parish Church of St. Mary Axe. And here I went once to School, Mr Singleton being chief Master: who was preferred thence to Eaton School. But now it is no longer a School; but put to other Uses.]

Their Bounds and Limits are thus: First they go East, so far as the House of one Allen Barker, Grocer, over against Billeter Lane End, and so North all the side of the High Street, to Mr. Fancis Philips's House, over against the King's Head Tavern, West. There, on the South side of the High Street, beginning at the Italian Ordinary of Ieronymo di Soldi, they turn East to one Thomas Georges, two Houses beyond the Pewter Pot. Then they turn back into Limestreet, South, on both sides the Way; so far as the House of Nicholas Hobland, (or rather Houblon) Merchant Stranger, on the one side, and William Ruddock, Taylor, on the other. Returning back, they cross the way into St. Mary Axe, all the West side throughout the whole Street, with some certain Houses over against London Wall towards Bishopsgate, the last whereof is the dwelling House of Griffin Martin, Trumpeter. So turning back into St. Mary Axe, they go upon the East side, from the House of Mr. John Holding, commonly called Fletchers Hall, and so on to Mr. George Sares, adjoyning to the Church, and there end. Mr. Henry Mason is Parson there, but my friendly furtherance was by Thomas Johnson the Clerk.]

Bounds and Limits.

A. M.

Italian Ordinary.

Nicolas Houblon.

Now down St. Mary Street, by the West end of the Church towards the North, stands divers fair Houses for Merchants, and other; namely, one fair great House builded by Sir William Pickering the Father, possessed by Sir William his Son, and since by Sir Edward Wootton of Kent. North from this Place is the Fletchers Hall, and so down to the corner of that Street over against London Wall; and again Eastwards to a fair House lately builded, partly by Mr. Robert Beale, one of the Clerks of the Council.

St. Mary Street.

Pickering House.

Fletchers Hall.

In this Street stood a Parish Church, dedicated to St. Mary, and commonly called St. Mary at Axe. Ecclesiæ S. Mariæ atte Nax, London. In Queen Elizabeth's Reign united to St. Andrew Undershaft.]

J. S.

St. Mary at Axe.

Regist. Lond.

Then come you to the Papey, a proper House, wherein sometime was kept a Fraternity or Brotherhood of St. Charity and St. John Evangelist, called the Papey, for poor impotent Priests, (for in some Language Priests are called Papes) founded in the Year 1430. by William Oliver, William Barnabie and John Stafford Chaplains, or Chantry Priests in London, for a Master, two Wardens, &c. Chaplains, Chauntry Priests, Conducts, and other Brethren and Sisters, that should be admitted into the Church of St. Augustine Papey in the Wall. The Brethren of this House becoming lame, or otherwise into great Poverty; were here relieved; as to have Chamber, with certain allowance of Bread, Drink, and Coal, and one old Man and his Wife to see them served, and to keep the House clean.

Papey, a Brotherhood or Hospital for poor Priests.

St. Augustine Papey in the Wall.

These poor Priests of the Papey; (as also the Brotherhood of the threescore Priests, and the Company of Clerks that were skilled in singing Diriges and Church Offices) commonly attended at solemn Funerals. Dame Jane Milbourn, Widow of Sir John Milbourn, in her last Will Anno 1543. willed to be buried in St. Edmund Lumbardstreet; and bequeathed to the Brotherhood of Papey to come to her Burial, and to pray for her Soul, 10s. And likewise to the Brotherhood of Threescore Priests in London; to come to her Burial, and pray for her Soul. 10s. And to the Brotherhood of Clerks to come to her Burial, and pray for her Soul, 10s. And likewise to Bartho. Lynsted, sometime Prior of St. Mary Overies, to come, &c. 6l. 13s. 6d.

They attended at Funerals.

J. S.

They that please may read more of this Church and Brotherhood in Limestreet Ward, and also in a MS. in the Cotton Library; where an Account is given of the Foundation and Statutes of the Fraternity in Honour of Holy Charity and St. John Evangelist, for the Aid and Maintenance of poor Priests in the Church or Chapel of St. Augustine de Papey within Bishopsgate, made at various times; with the Charter of the Donation of the Papey Church, and other things belonging to that Fraternity: Also the Names of the Masters and Wardens from the Year 1442. Anno 20 Hen. VI. to 1548. Anno 2 Edw. VI. when I suppose it was dissolved.]

The Foundation, Statutes and Masters of this Fraternity. Cott. Libr. Vitell. F.16.

This Brotherhood (amongst others) was suppressed in the Reign of Edward VI. Since the which time, in this House hath been lodged Mr. Morris of Essex, Sir Francis Walsingham, principal Secretary to her Majesty, Master Barret of Essex, &c.

Then next is one great House, large of Rooms, fair Courts and Garden Plots, sometime pertaining to the Bassets, since that, to the Abbots of Bury in Suffolk, and therefore called Buries Marks, corruptly Bevis Marks. And since the Dissolution of the Abby of Bury, to Thomas Heneage the Father, and Sir Thomas Heneage the Son.

The Abbot of Bury his Inn.

Bevis Markes.

This House and Ground is now encreased into many Tenements: And among the rest, the Jews of London have of late built themselves a large Synagogue here, wainscotted round. It stands East and West like one of our Churches. The great Door is on the West: Near to which West End is a long Desk upon an Ascent, somewhat raised from the rest of the Floor; where I suppose the Law is read. The East Wall is in part railed in; and before the Wall is a Door, which is to open with a Key, where their Law seems to be laid up. Aloft on this Wall are the Ten Commandments, or some part of them, inscribed in Golden Hebew Letters without Points. There be seven great Branched Candlesticks of Brass hanging down from the Top; and many other Places for Candles and Lamps. The Seats are Benches, with Backs to them that run along from West to East. I happened to go into this Synagogue one Day in the Week before their Pentecost, that is, our Whitsunday: There I saw a great many Jews, some of the beter Rank of them, seeing and ordering things against the Feast: others climbing up Ladders, and adorning the Candlesticks with Bunches of sweet Flowers and Herbs: others strewing the Windows and other Places with the like Herbs and Flowers very neatly; all in order to the Celebration of their approaching Feast.]

The Jews Synagogue here.

J. S.

Then next unto it is the before spoken Priory of the Holy Trinity, to wit, the West and North part thereof, which stretcheth up to Ealdgate, where we first begun.

Now again in the second way from Ealdgate, more toward the South, from the Well or Pump aforesaid, lyeth Fenchurch Street; on the Right Hand whereof, somewhat West from the South End of Belzetters Lane, is the Ironmongers Hall; which Company was incorporated in the third of Edward IV. Richard Fleming was their first Master; Nicholas Marshal and Richard Cox were Custos's or Wardens. And on the Left Hand; or South side (even by the Gate and Wall of the City) runneth down a Lane to the Tower Hill; the South part whereof is called Woodroffe Lane; and out of this Lane toward the West, a Street called Hartstreet.

Fenchurch Street.

Ironmongers Hall.

Woodroffe Lane by the Wall of the Tower Hill.