|Tower Street Ward. The Bounds. ||55
the South, from the Pump aforesaid, is called Fenchurch Street,
and is of Ealdgate Ward, till ye come to Culver Alley, on the West
Side of Ironmongers Hall. Where sometime was a Lane which
went out of Fenchurch Street to the midst of Lime Street: But this
Lane was stopped up, for Suspicion of Thieves that lurked there
by Night. [This Passage is of late opened again.]
Again to Ealdgate, (out of the principal Street, even by the Gate
and Wall of the City) runneth a Lane South, [to Crossed or
Crowched Friers, and then Woodrofe Lane,] to the Tower Hill. And
out of this Lane West, a Street called Hart Street, which of that
Ward stretcheth to Sydon Lane, by St. Olave's Church. One other
Lane more West from Ealdgate, goeth by Northumberland House
toward the Crossed Friers: Then have ye on the same side, the
North End of Mart Lane, and Blanch [Appleton or] Chappelton,
where that Ward endeth.
In short, the ancient Bounds of this Ward may be taken from the
Extent of the Soke of the Priory of Christ's Church. And what that
is may be known from what is wrote by one of that Convent, and
preserved in an old Book, called Dunthorne. Where we read,
Sciendum igitur quanta sit Soka, cujus fines tales sunt. A Porta de
Algate, &c. i.e.
" We must know
therefore how great the Soke is, which hath such Bounds. From
the Gate of Algate as far as the Gate of the Bailey of the Tower,
called Cungate, and all Cheken Lane towards Barking Church, as
far as the Churchyard, except one House nearer than the
Churchyard. And the Journey is returned the same way as far as
the Church of Saint Olaves; and then we come back by the Street
which goes by the Church of Colemanchurch; then it goes forth
towards Fenchurch; and so there on this side our Houses is a Lane,
thro' which we went unto the House of Theobald Fitz-Ivo,
Alderman; which Lane now is stopped up, because it had been
suspected for Thieves in the Night. Therefore because a Way was
not open there, we come back again by a Lane towards the Church
of St. Michael; and so as far as Lime Street, to the House of Richard
Cavel. This therefore is our inward Soke, and these are the
Bounds of it. This the Queen Mother gave to us with the Gate of
Algate. From Lime Street we go through the Street by the Church
of St. Andrew's, as far as the Chapel of St. Augustine upon the
Wall; then as far as the Gate of the Churchyard. This is the Circuit
of our inner Soke."
The Extent of the Soke.
Dunthorne, 83. A.
Thus much for the Bounds: Now for Monuments, or Places most
ancient and notable. I am first to begin with the late dissolved
Priory of the Holy Trinity, called Christ Church, on the right hand
within Algate. This Priory was founded by Matilda the Queen,
Daughter to Malcolm King of Scotland, Wife to Henry the First, in
the same place where Siredus sometime began to erect a Church,
in Honour of the Cross, and of Saint Mary Magdalene, of which the
Dean and Chapter of Waltham were wont to receive thirty
Shillings. The Queen was to acquit her Church thereof; and in
exchange gave unto them a Mill. King Henry her Husband
confirmed her Gift. This Church was given to Norman, the first
Canon regular in all England.
The Priory of the Holy Trinity.
Maud the Founder.
Norman the Prior.
The said Queen also gave unto the same Church, and those that
served God therein, the Port of Aldgate, and the Soke thereunto
belonging, with all Customs, so free as she had held the same, and
25l. Blanks, which she had of the City of Excester, as appeareth by
her Deed, wherein she nameth the House Christ Church,
and reporteth Aldgate to be of her Demains; which she granteth,
with two parts of the Rent of the City of Excester.
The Deed of Queen Maud follows, as it was taken out of the
Register of the said Priory, called there Prioratus de Crichurch.
Q. Maud's Charter to the Priory.
MATILDIS Dei Gratia Anglorum Regina R. Episcopo London &
omnibus Sanctæ Ecclesiæ fidelibus, Salutem. Notum sit
vobis me consilio Archiepiscopi Anselmi, & concessione &
confirmatione Domini Regis HENRICI dedisse & confirmasse
Ecclesiam Christi infra muros London. veram, liberam & quietam
ab omni subjectione tam Ecclesiæ de Waltham, quam aliarum
Ecclesiarum, præter Ecclesiæ Sancti Pauli London. &
Episcopi cum omnibus ad eam pertinentibus ad honorem Dei
Canonicis in ea regulariter cum Normanno Priore Deo servientibus,
in perpetuum, pro redemptione animarum nostrarum, & parentum
nostrorum, Scil. dedi eis Portam de Aldgata cum Soca ad eam
pertinente quæ fuit mea Dominica, & duas partes reddit.
civitatis Exoniæ. Et volo & præcipio, quod iidem
Canonici bene & in pace & honorifice, & libere teneant terras suas
& omnia ad Ecclesiam suam pertinent. cum omnibus libertatibus &
consuetudinibus quas Dominus meus Rex Henricus eis per cartam
suam confirmavit ita, ne eis injuria vel contumelia fiat. Teste
Episcopo Wint. &c. "
The Charter of King Henry, whereby, as before was said, he
confirmed theQueen's Gift, ran in this Tenor, viz.
King Henry's Charter.
Registr. Priorat. de Crichurch.
"HENRICUS Rex Angliæ Williemo Exoniæ Episcopo & Baliv.
Vic. & Præposit. Exoniæ, & omnibus Baronib. & Fidelibus
suis Devenecestr. & omnibus Burgens. & Ministris suis
Exoniæ, Salutem. Sciatis me concessisse Ecclesie Sancte
Trinitatis London. & Canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus pro anima
Matildis Reginæ conjugis meæ xxv libr. ad scalam * per
annum de reddit. ipsius Reginæ in Exoniæ, quas pred.
Regina Matild. iis dedit in vita sua. Et volo & firmiter
præcipio, quod Vicecom. quincunque sit aut fuerit in Exonia,
eas reddat ipsis Canonicis singulis annis, sicut unquam melius &
plenius reddit. fuerunt, & eisdem terris quibus reddi solebant.
Teste Galfrid. Cancellar. & Niger. de Albium. & Galfrid. de Clinton,
* i.e. At the Scales, reckoning 20d. the Ounce, 20s . the Pound Weight.
He writ also to Roger Bishop of Sarum, and to the Barons of his
Exchequer, for the Payment of the 25l. Blanc. as followeth,
His Order to the Officers of his Exchequer.
"HENRICUS Rex Angliæ Rogero Episcopo Sarum, & Baronibus
Scaccarii Salutem. Sciatis me concessisse, esse stabile Donum
quod MATILDIS Regina Uxor mea dedit & concessit Canonicis
Sanctæ Trinitatis London, viz. xxv lib. Blanc.
"Quas ei dedit de Firma Civitatis Exoniæ. Et præcipio
vobis, ut ita inde constringatis Vicecom. ut eas reddat eis, sicut
faceretis de mea propria Firma. Test. Galdfrid. de Clynton apud
*It was a sort of French Money of Silver: And seemed then to be a common word for good Money of weight, as Sterling was afterwards.
King Stephen also confirmed this Payment of 25l. ad Scalam by a
Charter, directed to William Bishop of Exeter, the Sheriff, &c.
And when Henry II. styled Fitz Empress, Anno 1180, and the 26th
of his Reign, made a new Money current, the Sheriff of Exeter
would not pay the Prior of Christ's Church at Michaelmas the half
Years Rent, viz. 12l. 16s. 3d. Secundum pondus Blanc, i. e.
according to the Weight Balnk, (this new Money being of less
weight than Money was, when Queen Maud gave the said Gift,) the
said Prior, whose Name was Ste-
K. Stephen's Charter.
K. Henry II. his Charter.