thers, of her Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council, by the Lord
Maior and Commonalty aforesaid, against the said Lieutenant, for
divers Injuries alledged to be offered on his Part to the Citizens of
London without Order of Law or Equity: After Consideration had of
which several Complaints, it pleased their Lordships (having care
to procure an End of those Controversies, for avoiding of
Inconveniences that might ensue) by their honourable Letters to
give order to Sir Christopher Wray, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of
England; Sir Edmond Anderson, Knt. Lord Chief Justice of the
Common Pleas; and to Sir Gilbert Gerrard, Knt. Master of the Rolls,
that they (calling the said Lieutenant and the Parties Complainants
before them) should effectually hear and examine the
Controversies (on both Sides) and certify their Lordships what
they should find, together with their Opinions touching the same,
who having called the Parties accordingly before them, and
advisedly and with good Deliberation sundry times heard their
Allegations and Answers, as well by writing as by word, with
Council learned on all Parts, have signified their Opinions of the
said Controversies in writing, as hereafter followeth:
First, touching such Liberties as M. Lieutenant claimeth to have
been used for the Officers and Attendants in the Tower, as not to
be arrested by any Action in the City of London, and Protections to
be granted to them by Master Lieutenant, and not obeying of
Writs of we think such Persons as be daily
attendant in the Tower serving her Majesty there, are to be
privileged, and not to be arrested upon any Plaint in London, but
for Writs of Executions, or and such like, we
think they ought to have no Privilege.
Seondly, concerning Protections granted by Master Lieutenant for
such as be condemned in any Action in the Court, kept in the
Tower, to go at large, and not to be arrested by any Process out of
the Queen's High Courts, or elsewhere, or any other Protection to
that effect for any privileged Person, we think the same against
her Majesty's Laws and Dignity.
Thirdly, that Master Lieutenant ought to return every Habeas
Corpus out of any Court at Westminster, so as the Justices, before
whom it shall be returned (as Cause shall require) may either
remand it with the Body, or retain the Matter before them, and
deliver the Body as Justice shall require.
Lastly, whereas the Lieutenant doth also claim a liberty, that if
any Person privileged in the Tower be arrested in London, he may
take the Body of any Citizen that shall come within the Liberties of
the Tower, and keep his Body there until the other be delivered;
we think the same to be altogether against the Laws of the Realm.
The Lords therefore of her Majesty's said Privy Council, upon
grave and deliberate Considerations had of the Certificate and
Opinions of the said Lords Chief Justices and Master of the Rolls,
and to the end Occasions of Contention, Trouble, and Disorder, and
the Danger of Breach of her Majesty's Peace, which have
heretofore of late Years arisen and grown upon the Controversies
aforesaid, may from henceforth cease, and be altogether removed
and taken away.
It was this Day by their Lordships ordered and decreed, betwixt
the Lord Maior, Commonalty and Citizens of London, and their
Successors, and the Lieutenant of her Highness's said Tower of
London, and all other Lieutenants and Officers of the Tower at any
time hereafter to succeed, That the Matters, Points, and Articles,
contained in the Certificate of the said Justices and Master of the
Rolls beforementioned, wherein their Resolutions, Opinions, and
Determinations, be set down, declared, and signified, shall at all
times from henceforth stand and remain
for Rules and Resolutions and final Determination and Decision: For
so much and so many of the Points of Controversies as are
contained in the said Certificate (whereof they have delivered
their Opinions) to be for ever hereafter duly observed and kept;
and that nothing be hereafter at any time done, or attempted on
either Part, to the violating or interrupting of the same.]
There was a Place within the Liberties of the Tower, called the
Jewry, bacause it was inhabited by Jews. Where there happened
22 Hen. III. a Robbery and a Murther to be committed by William
Fitz Bernard, and Richard his Servant; who came to the House of
Joce a Jew, and there slew him, and his Wife Henna. The said
William was taken at St. Saviour's for a certain Silver Cup, and was
hanged. Richard was called for, and outlawed. One Miles le
Espicer, who was with them, was wounded, and fled to a Church,
and died in it. No Attachment was made by the Sheriffs, because
it happened in the Jewry; and so belonged not to the Sheriffs, but
to the Constable of the Tower.]
The Jewry near the Tower.
On the North Side of this Hill is the said Lord Lumley's House, and
on the West Side divers Houses lately builded, and other
Encroachments along South to Chick Lane, on the East of Barking
Church; at the end whereof you have Tower Street, stretching
from the Tower Hill, West to St. Margaret Pattens Church
L. Lumley's House.
The Parish Church of ALHALLOWS BARKING.
Now therefore to begin at the East End of the Street; on the North
Side thereof is the fair Parish Church called Alhallows Barking,
which standeth in a large, but some time far larger, Cemitery, or
Churchyard. It hath a fair Dial extending over the Street from the
Steeple: On the North Side whereof was some time builded a fair
Chapel founded by King Richard I. Some have written that his
Heart was buried there under the high Altar. This Chapel was
confirmed and augmented by King Edward I. Edward IV. gave
Licence to his Cousin John, Earl of Worcester, to found there a
Brotherhood for a Master and Brethren. And he gave to the Custos
of that Fraternity, which was Sir John Scot Knt. Thomas Colt, John
Tate, and John Croke, the Priory of Totingbroke, and the
Advowson of the Parish Church of Stretham in the County of
Surrey, with all the Members and Appurtenances, and a part of
the Priory of Okeborne in Wiltshire, both Priors Aliens, and
appointed it to be called the King's Chapel, or Chantry, In Capella
beatæ Mariæ de Barking.
Alhallows Barking a Parish Church.
Barking Chapel of our Lady.
The King's Chapel of Barking.
King Richard III. new builded this Chapel, and founded therein a
College of Priests, consisting of a Dean and six Canons: All which
that King placed there. The Deanry he gave to Edmund Chaderton,
a great Favourite of his. The Canonries he disposed, at the time
that Chaderton was made Dean, to these Persons following, viz. Mr.
Tho. Cowton a Canon there; Richard Baldry another; Mr. Jane
another; James Molineux another; Richard Selsie another; Maculin
Cosin another. Hamond de Lega was buried in that Chapel. Robert
Tate, Maior of London 1488, and others, were there buried.
K. Rich. III. a new Founder. K. Rich. Ledg. Book.
This College was suppressed and pulled down in the Year 1548.
the second of King Edward VI. The Ground was employed as a
Garden Plot during the Reigns of King Edward, Queen Mary, and
part of Queen Elizabeth, till at length a large strong Frame of
Timber and Brick was set thereon, and employed as a Storehouse
of Merchants Goods brought from the Sea, by Sir William Winter,