Tower Hill .
The Liberties of the Tower .
Allhallows Barkin .
St. Olaves Hart Street .
Trinity House .
St. Dunstan's in the East .
Wharfs and Keys .
Custom House .
The modern Estate of this Ward .
TOWER STREET WARD
THE first Ward in the East part of this City
within the Wall, is called Tower Street Ward, and extendeth along
the River of Thames, from the said Tower in the East, almost to
Belingsgate in the West; one half of the Tower, the Ditch on the
West Side, and Bulwarks adjoining, do stand within that Part,
where the Wall of the City of old time went straight from the
Postern Gate, South to the River of Thames, before that the Tower
was builded. From, and without the Tower Ditch, West, and by
North, is the said Tower Hill, some time a large Plot of Ground,
now greatly straightned by means of Encroachments (unlawfully
made and suffered) for Gardens and Houses, some on the Bank of
the Tower Ditch, whereby the Ditch is marred, but more near unto
the Wall of the City, from the Postern, North, till over against the
principal Fore Gate of the Lord Lumley's House, &c. but the Tower
Ward goeth no farther that way.
Tower Street Ward.
Upon this Hill is always readily prepared (at the Charges of the
City) a large Scaffold and Gallows of Timber, for the Execution of
such Traitors, or other Transgressors, as are delivered out of the
Tower, or otherwise to the Sheriffs of London by Writ, there to be
executed. I read, that in the Fifth of King Edward IV. a Scaffold
and Gallows was there set up by other the King's Officers, and not
of the City's Charges; whereupon the Maior and his Brethren
complained, but were answered by the King, that the Tower Hill
was of the Liberty of the City, and whatsoever was done in that
Point was not in Derogation of the City's Liberties; and therefore
commanded Proclamation to be made, as well within the City as in
the Suburbs as followeth,
Scaffold on Tower Hill.
Lib. L. Fol. 40.
Forasmuch as the seventh Day of this present Month of November,
Gallows were erected and set up besides our Tower of London,
within the Liberties and Franchises of our City of London, in
Derogation and Prejudice of the Liberties and Franchises of this
City; the King our Sovereign Lord would it be certainly unserstood,
that the Erection and setting up of the said Gallows was not done
by his Commandment: Wherefore, the King our Sovereign Lord
willeth, that the Erection and setting up of the said Gallows, be not
any President, or Example, thereby hereafter to be taken, in Hurt,
Prejudice, or Derogation, of the Franchises, Liberties, and
Privileges of the City, which he at all times hath had, and hath in
his Benevolence, tender Favour, and good Grace, &c.
Apud Westminst. nono die Novembris,
Anno Regni nostri quinto
Edward IV. his Proclamation asserting the City's Right in Tower Hill.
Many Controversies have been in times past betwixt the Lord
Maior and Citizens of London on the one Party, and the Lieutenant
of the Tower of London, on the other Party, touching their
Liberties: The Lieutenant usurping divers Privileges which were
against the Laws of the Realm: As for Example,
Contest about the Liberty of the Tower.
If A. B. were indebted to C. D. dwelling in the Precinct of the
Tower, and would suffer himself to be arrested and prosecuted by
the said C. D. in the Court held within the Tower, and there to have
Judgment upon the said Debt obtained against him: After which
Judgment obtained, a Precept was awarded under the Seal of
Office of the Lieutenant, redirected unto the Porter of the Tower,
or to his Deputy, to take A. B. in Execution for the same Debt. And
after that A. B. is so taken in Execution, there is Return made of
the Execution of the said Precept; and thereupon the Lieutenant
not only appointeth about a Dozen or more Keepers to the said A.
B. and such as the said A. B. will nominate, but also suffereth the
said A. B. to go at Liberty; giving unto him a Protection under the
Seal of his Office: And thereby commandeth all Officers in any
wise to forbear to arrest or trouble the said A. B. for the Space of
one whole Year, being his Prisoner. Then if it shall happen that
the said A. B. shall be arrested, being in the Custody of any of his
Keepers, and having the said Protection to shew; if immediately
upon the shewing of the same he be not set at Liberty again, in
such case the Lieutenant pretendeth that he hath Power to arrest
the Body of any Person dwelling in such City or County wherein
the said A. B. was so arrested and troubled, if any such Person can
be found within the Liberties of the Tower; and the Body of the
same Person to detain in safe Custody until such time as the said
A. B. shall be enlarged.
This pretended Privilege is directly against the Laws of the Realm, as hereunder is resolved by the Judges.
By which means the Execution of the Laws of the Realm is
hindered, and the Subjects wronged.
The Form of a Precept of the Lieutenant of the Tower for the
taking of one in Execution, with the Return of the said Precept.
PRæceptum est Janatori Turr.
prædict. quod capiat Willm. Aston de Lond. Civem &
Haberdasher: Ita quod habeatur Corpus ejus coram Edwardo
Warner, milite, Locumtenen. Dominæ Reginæ Turr.
præd. & ejus Senescall. ibi ad prox. Cur. infra Turr. præd.
tenend. ad satisfaciend. Johanni Thomson viginti lib. legalis
monetæ Angliæ, quas idem Johannes in eadem
Curiâ recuperavit adversus præfat. Willm. & 21s. pro
miss. & castag. Curiæ, quæ eidem Johanni in eadem
Curia adjudicat. fuerunt. Et qualiter hoc Præceptum per te
fuerit executum constare fac, ad præfat. Cur. Et hoc non
omitt. periculo incumbent. Dat. apud Turr. præd. sub sigillo
quo utor in hoc Officio, decimo tertio Die Novembris, Anno Regni
Elizabethæ, Dei Gratia, Angliæ. Franciæ, &
Hyberniæ, Reginæ, primo.
Janitori Turris Lond.
aut suo Deputato.