|Worthy Maiors. Sir Richard Martin. ||291
Sir Richard Martin, who was Maior 1589, was a very Wealthy, as well as wise
He was a Goldsmith, and had the Care of the Queen's Mint, being Warden thereof,
made her Plate, and bought her Jewels: Whereby very great Sums became due to him
from her and the Court: Being Maior, he gave up to the Lord Treasurer, an
the Debts owing to him, and other of his Expences: And prayed him for his
Help herein, especially at that Time, because of his present Charges, and Care
Cities Affairs. And these were some of the Particulars brought in by him.
Sir Richard Martyn.
|Due by the Jewel-House,||1300l.
|By Pearls for Her Majesty,||50l.
|From the Lady Leicester,||2500l.
|Lent to the Earl of Leicester, upon
Manor of Denbigh,
|Due from Mr. Huddleston,||1826l.
|Due by the Earl of Derby, and his
|Laid out for Balances and Weights,|
the Lord Treasurer's Order,
|For the Adventure with Sir
Drake in his first Voyage, when
he went about the
|He ventured also with Sir
since that, to Carthagena, and be-
fore that, with
Fenton, and William
|Divers other Sums sent in a
to the Treasurer,
That particular Expence above-mentioned, which he brought in for Balances and
Weights, refer to a very good Motion he made to the Treasurer the last Year.
were Three Matters of publick Concern, which he propounded in February,
to the Consideration of the Lord Treasurer, in Relation hereunto.
The First was, the great Inconvenience that grew to the Queen's Subjects, and
whole Realm, by reason that the Treasures of Gold and Silver passed then without
weighing, contrary to her express Proclamation in that Behalf: Which, he said,
Occasion of bringing in, by Merchant Strangers, of much Light, false and
Gold Monies, and of the counterfeiting of much within the Realm; besides
Sealing, and Washing; as lately had been done in Westminster, where Four
the Pound was taken away by Clipping; and yet the Gold so clipped, uttered at
ordinary Value, as good and lawful. And also the Merchant Strangers perceiving
great Advantage in it to themselves, to the intolerable Loss of the Realm, did
the Coining and Delivery of all heavy and fine Gold from her Majesties Mint) to
greatest Part of it into their Hands, and Transport it out of the Realm; and
thereof, bring in again that which was either Light, or else False and
besides, the Clippers, Sealers, and Washers, and such like Practisers, chose and
weighed out a great Part of the heaviest, to make their Gains thereof by their
Practices, to the Hindrance of the Commonweal. And albeit her Majesties
Proclamation, published for the Redress of those Abuses, did expresly forbid the
Taking and Delivery in Payment, of any Counterfeit Gold, or any Piece of Gold
embased, or lacking of the just Weight, over the Remedies set down by the
Proclamation: And albeit, as Warden of the Mint, according to the Queen's
Commandment, and the Proclamation, he had made ready a convenient Number of
Balances and Weights, (having disbursed above Six Hundred Pounds for the same)
well of every Piece of Lawful Gold, as of the Remedies and
Abatements, and stricken them with an F. Crowned;
having ever since the
Proclamation had them ready, to be delivered at those Prices, which the Lord
had Rated and Published, as the Proclamation appointed: And albeit also, her
by the Proclamation had appointed the chief Officers of every good Town, to have
Pair of the said Ballances and Weights at his (the Wardens) Hands, marked, as
aforesaid, for every of their Towns, and had forbidden the Use of any other
for Gold, amonst any of her Subjects, than only those of the making and sizing
the said Warden of her Majesties Mint, or his Deputies.
Considerations propounded by Sir Richard Martyn to the Treasurer, about Weights and Measures.
Yet notwithstanding the said Balances and Weights, that he had thus Made, Sized
Marked, remained, and lay in his Hands; and only a very few had been fetched
those Officers, and other Subjects. But the Coins of Gold still passed in
without weighing, to the great Prejudice of the whole Realm.
For the Remedy of these Abuses, he judged it convenient, that some Provision and
were set down at the Parliament then in Being, for the effecting of the
And, forasmuch as Laws, without Overseers to see them kept, were to small, or no
Effect, that therefore the Warden of the Mints within London, and the Suburbs,
have Authority to Oversee, that the same be kept and observed there: And that
Weights and Grains, used against the Meaning of the Proclamation, should be
and forfeited; and the Offenders punished by Imprisonment, and Penalty limited.
also, that the said Warden, and such of the Mint, and his Deputies, as he should
meet, should have Authority to enquire, examine, search and find out the
transporting her Majesties Coin and Bullion of Gold and Silver out of the Realm;
cause the Laws in that Behalf to be executed upon them; and the Forfeitures
thereof, to redound to the said Warden, and Officers, for their Pains.
The Second Matter propounded to the Treasurer by Sir Richard Martyn, to be
considered and remembred, was, that whereas her Majesty had set forth a
for the establishing of the Standard presented to him by the late Jury; the one
Troy Weights, which were to be used only for weighing of Gold, Silver, Bread,
Electuaries; and the other for the Avoir de Poiz Weights, used for the weighing
Spices, and all other Things vendible by Weight: Both the which Sorts of Weights
justly Sized, and marked with distinct Marks, according to that Proclamation,
remained in the Exchequer of Westminster, as her Majesties approved Standards,
Size and reform all other Weights by: And by the Proclamation, the Mint, the
the Market, and the Chief of every Town, named in the Statute for Weights,
the Eleventh Year of King Henry the VIIth, were appointed to provide and fetch
Standards, conformable to those out of the Exchequer: And thereby to cause the
be used in every good Town of England and Wales; and either to destroy all other
varying from them, or to reform them to these: The which Standards had been
out to the Mint in the Tower of London, to the Chamber of London, the Clerk of
Market, and other appointed Places: So that there ought to be no other Weights
than according to these Standards:
Now forasmuch as it was greatly to be feared, and most certain, that for want of
Oversight to the Observation of the Proclamation, divers Persons used hard
in using the