Honourable Citizens. Sir Baptist Hickes. 287

Honourable Citizens. Sir Baptist Hickes.

Queen seemed to be in a very great Plunge for Money.

One Regio, a Genoese Merchant, had now in the Queen's Hand in the Tower, Twenty or Thirty Thousand Duckets, and much more with other of his Friends in London. This Gresham knowing, persuaded the Secretary, that this Money pertaining to Merchants, should be put to the Use of some Profit: as to Mint it into her own Coin; whereby she would be a Gainer Three or Four Thousand Pound, and enrich her Realm with so much fine Silver. And for the Repair thereof, she might pay it by the way of Exchange, or otherwise, to her great Profit. As also she might take it up of the said Merchanrs upon Interest, upon the Bonds accustomed, for a Year or two: Which he thought they would be right glad of. And so, with the said Money, she might pay her Debts both here and in Flanders; to her great Honour and Credit throughout all Christendom.

And for his own particular Supply of the Queen, at this Time of Need, in September, he ordered Hugh Clowghe, his Servant, to deliver by Weight, Five Sacks of new Spanish Ryals at the Tower, to Mr. Stanley of the Mint; to be coined for the Use of the Queen: And to be done at Seven a Clock in the Morning, for the more Secrecy. Which Five Sacks weighed Nine Hundred seventy two Pound, eleven Ounces; at Four Shillings, Ten-pence Farthing the Ounce.

He sends five Sacks of Spanish Ryals to be coined for the Queen.

The great Deserts of this worthy Citizen, are thus shewn and set forth by one, who dedicated a Book in these Times to him; not only for that magnificent and useful Structure, the Exchange; but also for his Wisdom and Usefulness in his publick Service and Counsel, for the Queen's Honour, and Safety of the Realm.

His Wisdom and Usefulness to the Publick.

"That many had been beneficent to England, their native Country. Some, of a zealous Mind, had bestowed their Sage Counsel, and Politick Devices, for Defence of the same. Others, of a favourable Affection, had given their Labours to the procuring in Readiness of such necessary Instruments, as in Time of Peace might cease our doubtful Minds from Carefulness thereof; and in perilous Seasons of War, defend us from our daily imminent Adversaries. The rest, not being many in Number, had, of a godly and voluntary Will, wholly applied their Riches or Money, joined together, and laid out their Treasures to the Erecting such Noble Buildings, as might be for a Publick Commodity unto the Inhabitants of this worthy Isle of Britain."

And then coming to apply this to the single Person of Sir Thomas Gresham, he proceeded; "But alas! too few have been furnished, in whom all these commendable Qualities have reigned; both to be beneficial to their Country by sage Counsil, procuring of Safeguard for Protection of the same, and bestowing of their Substance to the building of such Famous and Magnificent Works, as might serve for common Utility unto all Men. And by the Discretion of those Men that be learned and wise, if ever any Subject hath enjoyed them, they attribute it unto you."

" For who is he that is ignorant of the Policies and Travels, which your Worship hath used and sustained, for to get Safeguard and requisite Furniture to the Realm; besides the infinite Riches given to the building of that Princely Work, commonly called The Burse; which already declareth, and in London is openly to be seen, what Commodity generally it will bring to the Citizens thereof? These Noble Exploits, as indeed they are not a little by all Men praised, cannot be highly enough commended."

Then this Writer shewed, how it was by some compared to the Tower of Babylon, to the Pyramids in Egypt, and other monstrous Piles erected in other Parts of the World: And how this was preferred above them; since they were built for a vain Ostentation, without any profitable Use; or of Envy, because the Founders would not leave much Store of worldly Treasure unto their Successors.

He praised Sir Thomas also for his Temper, Courtesy, Gentleness, Friendship, and Liberality towards all Men; yea, and towards the unknown and Strangers; as divers had experienced.

To this rich and useful Commoner, in the Beginning of Queen Elizabeth's Time, a Mercer, I will associate another wealthy Commoner, towards the End of her Time, and in the Beginning of K. James I.; namely, Sir Baptist Hickes, Son of Robert Hickes, a Mercer also, keeping a Shop in Cheapside, (of whom some mention was made before) at Soper Lane End, at the White Bear; and of Juliana, Daughter and Heiress of Arthur de Clapham in Comitat. Somerset.

Sir B. Hickes, Mercer.

This Baptist, upon K. James's coming in, was sworn his Servant, Anno 1603, and soon Knighted; and before his Death was created Viscount Campden. He supplied the Court with Silks, and rich Mercery Wares, when King James, with his bare Scotch Nobility and Gentry, came in: By which means he got a great Estate.

He was one of the first Citizens, that after Knighthood kept their Shops. But being charged with it by some of the Aldermen, he gave this Answer for it: That his Servants kept the Shop; tho' He had a Regard to the special Credit thereof. And that He did not live altogether upon Interest, as most of the Aldermen Knights did, laying aside their Trade after Knighthood. And that had Two of his Servants kept their Promise, and Articles concluded between them and him, he had been free of his Shop two Years past; and did then but seek a fit Opportunity to leave the same.

This was in the Year 1607.

He had a Contest with the Aldermen of the City knighted, for Precedency; standing upon his Ancienty of Knighthood. And the Matter came at last to the Court Marshal of England, to be decided.

He had two Daughters, Heiresses; who, as is reported, were worth 100000l. apiece.

One married Noel Viscount Campden, and was Lady Campden; and died not many Years ago, living to a great Age, in great Splendor and good Report, for her Virtues, Charity and Hospitality, in Rutlandshire.

The other Daughter, Mary, married Sir Charles Morison, of Hertfordshire. And from an Heiress of that Family, the Estate is now come into the Honourable House of the Capels.

His Monument remains in the Church of Campden, in Gloucestershire, (that gave him his Title) with his Ladies, who erected the same: Which specifying his Rise, and his good Deeds, in the Epitaph, may deserve a Place here.

To the Memory of her Dearest and Deceased Husband, BAPTIST Lord HICKES, Viscount Campden; Born of a worthy Family in the City of London. Who, by the Blessing of GOD on his ingenuous Endeavours, arose to an ample Estate, and to the foresaid Degrees of