Honourable Acts of Citizens. 262

Honourable Acts of Citizens.

Wards of London of Fifteens, and other Payments.

John Wells, Grocer, Maior, 1433. a great Builder of the Chapel or College of the Guildhall, and was there buried: In the Year 1432. he cause fresh Water to be conveyed from Tybourn to the Standard in West-Cheap, for the Service of the City.

John Wells.

In the Year 1438. William Eastfield, Mercer, Maior, conveyed Water to the Conduit in Fleetstreet, to Aldermanbury and to Criplegate: Appointing his Executors, of his Goods, to convey sweet Water from Tybourn, and to build a fair Conduit by Aldermanbury Church; which they performed, as also made a Standard in Fleetstreet, by Shoe-Lane End: They also conveyed Water to Criplegate, &c.

Will. Eastfield.

Stephen Brown, Grocer, Maior, 1439. sent into Prussia, causing Corn to be brought from thence to London in great Quantity; whereby he brought down the Price of Wheat, from Three Shillings the Bushel, to less than half that Money: [For Corn was then so scarce in England, that poor People were enforced to make them Bread of Fern Roots.]

Stephen Brown.

Philip Malpas, one of the Sheriffs, 1440. gave by his Testament 125l. to Relief of poor Prisoners, and every Year, for Five Years, Four Hundred Shirts and Smocks, Forty Pairs of Sheets, and a Hundred and Fifty Gowns of Freeze to the Poor. To Five Hundred poor People in London, every one Six Shillings and Eight Pence: To poor Maids Marriages, an Hundred Marks: To High-Ways, and Hundred Marks: Twenty Marks the Year to a Graduate to preach; Twenty Pounds unto Preachers at the Spittle, on the Three Easter Holy-Days, &c.

Philip Malpas.

Robert Large, Mercer, Maior, 1440. gave to his Parish Church of St. Olave in Surrey, 200l. to St. Margaret's in Lothbury, 25l. to the Poor 20l. to London-Bridge One Hundred Marks. Towards the vaulting over the Water-Course of Walbroke Two Hundred Marks. To poor Maids Marriages, one Hundred Marks: To poor Housholders, One Hundred Pounds, &c.

Robert Large.

Edward Rich, Mercer, one of the Sheriffs, 1442. founded Alms-Houses at Hodson in Hertfordshire.

Edward Rich.

Simon Eyre, Draper, Maior, 1346. builded the Leaden-Hall, for a common Garner of Corn, to the Use of this City, and left Five Thousand Marks to be bestowed in charitable Actions for Relief of the Poor.

Simon Eyre.

Godfrey Bullein, Maior of London, 1458. by his Testament gave liberally to the Prisons, Hospitals, and Lazar Houses; besides a Thousand Pound to poor Housholders in London; and 200l. to poor Housholers in Norfolk.]

Godfrey Bullein.

[In the Year 1471. John Stocton, Maior, and Eleven Aldermen of London, with the Recorder, were all made Knights in the Field, by Edward IV. for their good Service done unto him.]

John Stocton.

Richard Rawson, one of the Sheriffs, 1477. gave by Testament large Legacies to the Prisoners, Hospitals, and Lazar Houses. To other Poor, to High Ways, to the Water Conduits, besides to poor Maids Marriages, 340 Pounds, and his Executors to build a large House in the Churchyard of St. Mary Spittle, wherein the Maior, and his Brethren, do use to sit, and hear the Sermons in the Easter Holidoys.

Rich. Rawson.

Thomas Ilam, one of the Sheriffs, 1480. newly builded the great Conduit in Cheap, of his own Charges.

Thomas Ilam.

Edward Shaw, Goldsmith, Maior, 1483. caused Criplegate to be new builded of his Goods, &c.

Edward Shaw.

Thomas Hill, Grocer, Maior, 1485. caused of his Goods, the Conduit of Grassestreet to be builded.

Thomas Hill.

Hugh Clopton, Mercer, during his Life a Batchelor, Maior, 1492, builded the great Stone Arched Bridge at Stratford upon Avon in Warwickshire; and did many other Things of great Charity, as in my Summary.

Hugh Clopton.

Robert Fabian, Alderman, and one of the Sheriffs, 1494. gathered out of divers good Authors, as well Latin as French, a large Chronicle of England and of France, which he published in English, to his great Charges, for the Honour of this City, and common Utility of the whole Realm.

Robert Fabian.

Sir John Percivall, Merchant Taylor, Maior, 1498. founded a Grammar School at Macklefield in Cheshire, where he was born. He endowed the same School with sufficient Lands, for the finding of a Priest, Master there, to teach freely all Children thither sent, without Exception.

John Percival.

The Lady Thomasine his Wife, founded the like Free School, together with fair Lodgings for the School Masters, Scholars, and other; and added Twenty Pound of yearly Revenue, for supporting the Charges, at St. Marywike in Devonshire, where she was born.

Richard Carew.

Stephen Gennings, Merchant Taylor, Maior, 1509. founded a fair Grammar School at Ulfrimhampton in Staffordshire, left good Lands, and also builded great Part of his Parish Church, called St. Andrews Undershaft in London.

Stephen Gennings.

Henry Keble, Grocer, Maior, 1511. in his Life a great Benefactor to the new Building of old Aldermary Church, and by his Testament gave a Thousand Pounds toward the finishing thereof. He gave to Highways Two Hundred Pounds: To poor Maids Marriages, one Hundred Marks; to poor Husbandmen in Oxford and Warwickshires, One Hundred and Forty Plowshares, and One Hundred and Forty Cultars of Iron; and in London to Seven Alms-Men, Sixpence the Week for ever.

Henry Keble.

John Collet, a Citizen of London by Birth, and by Dignity Dean of St. Paul's, Doctor of Divinity, erected and builded one Free-School in St. Paul's Churchyard, 1512. for Three Hundred Fifty Three poor Men's Children, to be taught free in the same School, appointing a Master, a Surmaster, and a Chaplain, with sufficient Stipends to endure for ever; and committed the Oversight thereof to the Mercers in London, because himself was Son to Henry Collet, Mercer, Maior of London; and endowed the Mercers with Lands, to the yearly Value of 120l. or better.

John Collet.

Sir William Fitzwilliam the Elder, being a Merchant Taylor, and Servant sometime to Cardinal Wolsey, was chosen Alderman of Breadstreet Ward in London, in Anno 1506. Going afterward to dwell at Milton in Northamptonshire, in the Fall of the Cardinal his former Master, he gave him kind Entertainment there at his House in the Countrey. For which Deed being called before the King, and demanded how he durst entertain so great an Enemy to the State? His Answer was, That he had not contemptuously or wilfully done it; but only because he had been his Master, and (partly) the Means of his greatest Fortunes. The King was so well pleased with his Answer , that saying, himself had too few such Servants, immediately he knighted him, and afterward made him a Privy Counsellor.

William Fitzwilliam.

A just and royal Disposition in the King.

This worthy Knight dying, gave an Hundred Pounds to poor Maids Marriages. His Debts and Debtors (over whose Names he had written, Amore Dei remitto) he freely forgave. He gave to the Universities Forty Pounds; to the Poor Thirty Pounds; to mend the Highways betwixt Chigwell and Copersall in Essex, Fifty Pounds. To mend other Highways, about Thorney and Sawtry Chapel, and the Bridge, Fifty Pounds more. And to the Merchant Taylors his Brethren, he gave his best standing Cup, as a friendly Remembrance of him for ever.

The liberal and bountiful Mind of this Fitzwilliam.

His Death.