Six or Seven Hundred; and out of St. Paul's Church-Yard came about 300. From
Places they gathered together, and brake up the Counter, took out the Prisoners
had been committed thither by the Lord Maior for hurting the Strangers; also
to Newgate, and took out Studley and Bets, committed thither for the like Cause.
Maior and Sheriffs were present, and made Proclamation in the King's Name, but
nothing was obeyed.
Being thus gathered into several Heaps, they ran thorough St. Nicholas Shambles,
at St. Martins Gate there met with them Sir Thomas More, and others, desiring
go to their Lodgings.
Sir Thomas More laboured to pacify the rude multitude.
As they were thus intreating, and had almost perswaded the People to depart,
within St. Martins threw out Stones and Bats, so that they hurt divers honest
which were with Sir Thomas More, perswading the rebellious Rout to cease.
Insomuch as at length, one Nicholas Dennis, a Serjeant at Arms, being there sore
cryed in a fury, Down with them; and then all the unruly Persons ran to the
Windows of the Houses within St. Martins, and spoiled all that they found.
they ran into Cornhill, and so on to a House East of Leadenhall, called the
where dwelt one Mewtas, a Piccard or Frenchman, within whose House dwelled
Frenchmen. Whom they likewise spoiled; and if they had found Mewtas, they would
have stricken off his Head.
Nicholas Dennis, a Serjeant at Arms sore hurt.
Mewtas a Picard.
Some ran to Blanchapleton, and there brake up the Strangers Houses, and spoiled
them. Thus they continued till three a Clock in the Morning, at which time they
to withdraw; but by the way they were taken by the Maior and other, and sent to
Tower, Newgate, and Counters, to the Number of 300.
The Strangers Houses broken up at Blanchapleton.
The Cardinal was advertised by Sir Thomas Parre, whom in all haste he sent to
Richmond to inform the King; who immediately sent to understand the State of the
and was truly informed. Sir Roger Cholmeley, Lieutenant of the Tower, during
time of this Business, shot off certain Pieces of Ordnance against the City, but
great hurt. About Five of the Clock in the Morning, the Earls of Shrewsbury,
Surrey, Thomas Dockery, Lord Prior of Saint Johns, George Nevill, Lord
Abergaveny, and others, came to London with such Powers as they could make: so
the Inns of Court. But before they came the Business was done, as ye have
The King sendeth to know the State of the City.
The Lords came with Power to London.
Then were the Prisoners examined, and the Sermon of Doctor Bell called to
remembrance, and he sent to the Tower. A Commission of Oyer and Terminer was
directed to the Duke of Norfolk, and other Lords, for punishment of this
The Second of May, the Commissioners, with the Lord Maior, Aldermen, and
went to the Guildhall, where many of the Offenders were indicted; whereupon they
were Arraigned, and pleaded, Not Guilty, having Day given them till the 4th of
Doctor Bell sent to the Tower for his Sermon.
On which Day, the Lord Maior, the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Surrey, and
came to sit in the Guildhall. The Duke of Norfolk entred the City with one
three Hundred Men, and the Prisoners were brought through the Streets tyed in
some Men, some Lads, but of Thirteen or Fourteen Years old, to the Number of 278
Persons. That Day, John Lincoln, and divers others were indicted, and the next
Thirteen were adjudged to be Drawn, Hanged, and Quartered; for Execution whereof
Ten Pair of Gallows were set up in divers Places of the City; as at Aldgate,
Blanchapleton, Grassstreet, Leadenhall, before either of the Counters; at
Martins, at Aldersgate and Bishopsgate. And these Gallows were set upon Wheels
moved from Street to Street, and from Door to Door, whereas the Prisoners were
The Duke of Norfolke entred London with 1300 Men.
Ten Pair of Gallows set up on divers Streets of London.
On the Seventh of May John Lincolne, one Shirwin, and two Brethren, named Betts,
with divers others were adjudged to dye. They were on the Hurdles drawn to the
Standard in Cheape, and first was Lincolne executed; and as the other had the
about their Necks, there came a Commandment from the King to respite the
and then were the Prisoners sent again to Prison, and the Armed Men sent away
John Lincolne the Broker executed, but the rest respited by the King.
On the Thirteenth of May the King came to Westminster Hall, and with him the
Cardinal, the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the Earls of Shrewsbury, Essex,
Wiltshire, and Surry, with many Lords and other of the Kings Council; the Lord
of London, Aldermen, and other chief Citizens were then in their best Liveries
of the Clock in the Morning. Then came in the Prisoners bound in Ropes in a
after another, in their Shirts, and every one had a Halter about his Neck, being
Number 400 Men, and 11 Women.
The Prisoners were brought before the King at Westminster Hall.
When they were thus come before the King's Presence, the Cardinal laid sore to
Maior and Aldermen their Negligence, and to the Prisoners he declared, how
had deserved to dye. Then all the Prisoners together cryed to the King for
therewith the Lords besought his Grace of Pardon; at whose Request the King
pardoned them all. The general Pardon being pronounced, all the Prisoners
once, and cast their Halters towards the Roof of the Hall. The Prisoners being
dismissed, the Gallows were taken down, and the Citizens took more heed to their
Servants, keeping (for ever after) as on that Night, a strong Watch in Armour,
remembrance of Evil Mayday.]
The King graciously pardoned all the Prisoners.
These great Mayings and Maygames, made by the Governors and Masters of this
with the Triumphant setting up of the great Shaft (a principal May Pole in
before the Parish Church of St. Andrew (therefore called Undershaft) by means of
Insurrection of Youths against Aliens on Mayday, 1517, the Ninth of Henry the
have not been so freely used as before. And therefore I leave them, and will
touch of Watches, as also of Shows in the Night.
Of WATCHES in this City, and other Matters commanded; and the Cause
WIlliam Conqueror commanded, that in every Town and
Village, a Bell should be nightly rung at eight of the Clock, and that all
then put out their Fire, and Candle, and take their rest. Which Order was
through this Realm during his Reign, and the Reign of William Rufus: But Henry
first, restoring to his Subjects the Use of Fire or Lights, as afore, it
reason of Warrs within the Realm) that many Men also gave themselves to Robbery
Murders in the Night: for Example whereof in this City, Roger Hoveden writeth
Curfew Bell at 8. of the Clock, commanded Fire and Candle to be quenched.
"In the Year 1175. a Council was kept at Nottingham. In Time of which
Brother of the Earl Ferrers, being in the Night privily slain at London, and
of his Inn into the dirty Street, when the King understood thereof, he sware,
would be revenged on the Citizens. For it was then (saith mine Author) a common
Practice in this City, that a Hundred or more in a Company, Young and Old, would
make nightly Invasions upon Houses of the Wealthy, to the intent to rob them,
they found any Man stirring in the City within the Night, that were not of "
Roger Hovenden, Manuscript.