Ancient Housekeeping. 243

Ancient Housekeeping.

great Estates, such as had their Footmen about them. And for Example to note, I read that Richard II. being threatned by the Rebels of Kent, rode from the Tower of London to the Miles End, and with him his Mother, because she was sick and weak, in a Whirlicote, the Earls of Buckingham, Kent, Warwick, and Oxford, Sir Thomas Percie, Sir Robert Knowles, the Maior of London, Sir Aubery de Vere that bare the King's Sword, with other Knights and Esquires attending on Horseback. But in the Year next following the said Richard, who took to Wife Anne, Daughter to the King of Bohemia, that first brought hither the riding upon Side-saddles; and so was the riding in those Whirlicotes and Chariots forsaken, except at Coronations, and such like Spectacles. But now of late Years, the Use of Coaches, brought out of Germany, is taken up, and made so common, as there is neither Distinction of Time, nor Difference of Persons observed; for the World runs on Wheels with many, whose Parents were glad to go on Foot.

Lib. S. Mary Aborum.

Women first Riding on Side Saddles, that were wont to ride astride.

Riding in Coaches.

Last of all, mine Author, in this Chapter hath these Words: Most part of the Bishops, Abbots and great Lords of the Land, as if they were Citizens and Freemen of London, had many fair Houses to resort unto, and many Rich and Wealthy Gentlemen spent their Money there.

W. Fitzstephen.

Lords Houses, and great Housekeeping in London.

To mention here a few of these Noblemens Houses, and the Streets where they stood. In the Depositions in the great Cause of Arms between Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthyn, and Sir Edward Hastings, in the Time of Henry IV. it appears, that John the last Earl of Pembroke, who dyed at Woodstock, had a House and lived in London, in the Parish of just by the Priory of St. Helens; and John his Father, Earl of Pembroke, lived in a House in the Parish of St. Mary Attehil [i.e. St. Mary-Hill.] And Reginald Lord Grey of Ruthyn, his Mansion House was in the Parish of St. Andrew by Eastcheap, in the 10th Year of that King. And William Beauchamp had a House and Chapel by Pater Noster Row, London. And in the Time of Richard II. Sir Harry Percy had a House in Woodstreet, of that spaciousness, that he was able there to entertain the King, two Dukes, of Lancaster and York, two Earls, Earl Marshal and his Father the Earl of Northumberland, and divers others. And many other Mansions of the Great Men of the Kingdom will be met with, in the Process of this History.]

Some Noble Mens Houses in the City.

J. S.

Peter Le Neve Norroy. MSS. prædict Causæ penes illum.

Dugdale's Warw. P.743.

And in another Place, he hath these Words: Every Sunday in Lent, a fresh Company of young Men come into the Fields on Horseback, and the best Horsemen conduct the rest. Then march forth the Citizens Sons, and other young Men with disarmed Launces and Shields, and practise Feats of War. Many Courtiers likewise, and Attendants upon Noblemen, repair to this Exercise. And whilst the Hope of Victory doth inflame their Minds, they do shew good Proof, how serviceable they would be in Martial Affairs, &c. Again he saith, This City, in the troublesome Time of King Stephen, shewed at a Muster 20000 armed Horsemen, and 40000 Footmen, serviceable for the Wars, &c.

Young Men exercise Martial Feats.

All which Sayings of the Author, well considered do plainly prove, that in those Days the Inhabitants and Repairers to this City (of what Estate soever, Spiritual or Temporal) having Houses here, lived together in good Amity with the Citizens, every Man observing the Customs and Orders of the City, and chose to be contributary to Charges here, rather than in any Part of the Land wheresoever. This City being the Heart of the Realm, the King's Chamber, and Princes Seat, whereunto they made Repair, and shewed their Forces both of Horses and of Men, which caused in troublesome Time, as of King Stephen, the Musters of this City to be so great in Number.

The Causes of greater Shews, and Musters in this City of old time, more than of late.

Great Families of old Time kept.


And here (by way of Digression) to touch somewhat of great Families and Housholds kept in former Times by Noblemen, and great Estates of this Realm, according to their Honours and Dignities: I have seen an Account made by Henry Leicester, Cofferer to Thomas Earl of Lancaster, for one whole Year's Expences in the Earl's House, from the Day next after Michaelmas, in the Seventh Year of Edward II. until Michaelmas in the Eighth Year of the same King, amounting to the Sum of Seven thousand nine hundred fifty seven Pound, thirteen Shillings, four Pence Halfpenny, as followeth.

Great Families of old time kept.

The Earl of Lancaster, his Housekeeping and Charge thereof for one Year.

Record of Pontefract, as I could obtain of M. Cudnor.

To wit, in the Pantry, Buttery, and Kitchen, 3405l. &c.

For 184 Tons, one Pipe of Red or Claret Wine, and one Ton of White Wine, bought for the House, 104l. 17s. 6d.

For Grocery Ware, 180l. 17s.

For six Barrels of Sturgeon, 19l.

For 6800 Stock Fishes, so called, and for dried Fishes of all sorts, as Lings, Haberdines, and other, 41l. 6s. 7d.

For 1714 Pound of Wax, with Vermilion and Turpentine to make Red Wax, 314l. 7s. 4d. ob.

For 2319 Pound of Tallow Candles for the Houshold, and 1870 of Lights for Paris Candles, called Perchers, 31l. 14s. 3d.

Expences on the Earl's great Horses, and the Keeper's Wages, 486l. 4s. 3d. ob.

Linnen Cloth for the Lord and his Chaplains, and for the Pantry, 43l. 17d.

For 129 Dozen of Parchment, with Ink, 4l. 8s. 3 ob.

Sum, 1230l. 17s. 7d. ob.

Item, For two Cloths of Scarlet for the Earl against Christmas, one Cloth of Russet for the Bishop of Anjou, 70 Cloths of Blue for the Knights (as they were then termed) 15 Cloths of Medley for the Lord's Clerks, 28 Cloths for the Esquires, 15 Cloths for Officers, 19 Cloths for Grooms, 5 Cloths for Archers, 4 Cloths for Minstrels and Carpenters, with the Sharing and Carriage for the Earl's Liveries at Christmas, 460l. 15d.

159 Cloths in Liveries against Christmas.

Item, For 7 Furs of variable Miniver (or powdred Ermin) 7 Hoods of Purple, 395 Furs of Budge, for the Liveries of Barons, Knights, and Clerks, 123 Furs of Lambs for Esquires, bought at Christmas, 147l. 17s. 8d.

Item, 65 Cloths Saffron Colour, for the Barons and Knights. In Summer, 12 Red Cloths mixt for Clerks, 26 Cloths Ray for Esquires, 1 Cloth Ray for Officers Coats in Summer, and four Cloths Ray for Carpets in the Hall, 345l. 13s. 8d.

104 Cloths in Liveries in Summer.

Item, 100 Pieces of Green Silk for the Knights, 14 Budge Furs for Surcoats, 13 Hoods of Budge for Clerks, and 75 Furs of Lambs for the Lords Liveries in Summer, with Canvas and Cords to truss them, 72l. 19s.

Item, Saddles for the Lords Liveries in Summer, 51l. 6s. 8d.

Item, For one Saddle for the Earl of the Prince's Arms, 2l.

Sum, 1079l. 18s. 3d.

Item, For things bought, whereof nothing can be read in my Note, 241l. 14s. 1d. ob.

For Horses lost in Service of the Earl, 8l. 6s. 8d.

Fees paid to Earls, Barons, Knights, and Esquires, 623l. 15s. 5d.

In Gifts to Knights of France, the Queen of England's Nurses, to the Countess of Warren, Esquires, Minstrels, Messengers, and Riders, 92l. 14s.