For the Making of new Streets, Wharfs, &c. 230

For the Making of new Streets, Wharfs, &c.

14. That the Lord Maior, Aldermen and Common Council, also shall and may, by Virtue of this present Act, enlarge and make wider any other such strait and narrow Passages within the said City, as are less than Fourteen Foot in Breadth.

And of such there have been many enlarged; too many here to be enumerated: Which, by comparing the Maps before and since the New Buildings, will be to an intelligent Person very conspicuous.

III. For the Making of New Streets and Wharfs, Market Places, and other Publick Monuments.


1. THAT the Lord Maior and Court of Aldermen are by this Act enabled to make, or cause to be made, a New Street, leading and extending from the Guildhall of the said City, into Cheapside; the same Street to be of such Breadth and Wideness, as they shall judge meet and convenient.

2. That they should also open and enlarge a Street or Passage to the River of Thames, from Cheapside through Soperlane, and thence to Thames-street, and thenceforth to the River of Thames: And from Three Cranes to the Thames aforesaid. And to make the same Streets and Passages Four and twenty Foot in Breadth.

3. That they shall also cause a Street to be opened, Fourteen Foot wide, from the West End of Threadneedle-street, down to Lothbury.

4. And it is enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That (for the better Benefit and Accommodation of Trade, and for other great Conveniencies) there shall be left a convenient Tract of Ground, all along from the Tower Wharf to London Bridge, and from London Bridge to the Temple, of the Breadth of Forty Foot, from the North Side of the River of Thames; to be converted to a Key, or publick and open Wharf. And that (in order thereunto) all Buildings, Sheds, Pales, Walls, Inclosures, and other Obstructions and Impediments whatsoever, now standing or being within Forty Foot Northward of the said River of Thames, between the Places aforesaid, (Cranes, Stairs and Docks only excepted) shall be taken down and removed, and the said Ground cleared and levelled: And that from henceforth there shall be no Building or Erection whatsoever, (except Cranes, Stairs and Docks) placed or set within or upon the said Forty Foot of Ground, or any Part thereof, between the Places aforesaid.

5. And that all Buildings that shall hereafter immediately border upon any Part of the said Ground, upon the North Side thereof, shall front and be placed in the Line that shall be set out for the Bounds of the Breadth of the said Forty Foot of Ground Northward. And that the Buildings that shall be built upon that Line, and fronting the River of Thames, shall be of the Second or Third Sort or Rate of Buildings, hereafter mentioned in the Act for the Rebuilding of the City of London. Except Common Halls for Companies, and other Buildings; which shall be otherwise allowed of by the King's Majesty.

6. And that all the said Tract of Ground of the Breadth of Forty Foot from the said River, shall be open and at large, without any Division or Separation: And that the Bounds of each Proprietor's Ground therein, shall be distinguished only by Denter-Stones, to be placed in the Pavement thereof.

7. And be it further enacted, That for the further Convenience of Trade, the Channel of Bridewell Dock, from the Channel of the River of Thames to Holborn Bridge, shall be sunk to a sufficient Level, whereby to make it Navigable: And that the Ground to be set out for the Breadth of the said Channel, and of the Wharfs on each side thereof, shall not be less in Breadth than One Hundred Foot; nor shall exceed One Hundred and twenty Foot in Breadth.

8. And that the Line of the said Channel, and Wharfs and Levels thereof, together with the Cranes and Stairs to be placed thereon, shall be ascertained by the Lord Maior, &c. And that all the said Wharf Ground on each side the River, shall lie open and at large, (Cranes and Stairs only excepted) without any Division or Separation; and each Person's Propriety therein, to be distinguished only by Denter-Stones in the Pavement thereof.

9. And that all Buildings bordering upon each side of the said Wharfs, shall front and be placed in the Line, that shall be set out for the Bounds of the Breadth of the Wharfs from the Channel. And that the said Buildings shall be of the Second Rate of Building, mentioned in the Act for Rebuilding the City, &c.

10. Whereas by a late Act of this present Parliament it was enacted, That the Parishes to be rebuilded within the said City of London, in Lieu of those which were demolished by the late dreadful Fire, should not exceed the Number of Thirty Nine: But forasmuch as upon an exact Survey taken of the Number of Houses to be rebuilded, and of the Extent of the respective Parishes necessary to be settled and continued within the said City, it doth appear, That the Parishes to be settled and continued, and the Parish Churches to be rebuilded within the said City, in Lieu of those demolished or consumed by the said late Fire, cannot conveniently, by Union or otherways, be reduced to a less Number than Fifty one. Be it therefore enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That the Number of Parishes to be settled, and the Parish Churches to be rebuilded, within the said City of London, shall be Fifty one: The former Act, or any Thing therein contained to the contrary, notwithstanding.

11. And that the Citizens of London, and their Successors, for all the Time to come, may retain the Memorial of so sad a Desolation, and reflect seriously upon their manifold Iniquities, which are the unhappy Causes of such Judgments: Be it therefore enacted, That the Second Day of September (unless the same happen to be Sunday; and if so, then the next Day following) be yearly for ever hereafter observed, as a Day of Publick Fasting and Humiliation within the said City, and Liberties thereof; to implore the Mercy of Almighty God upon the said City; to make devout Prayers and Supplication unto him, to divert the like Calamity for the Time to come.

12. And the better to preserve the Memory of this dreadful Visitation: Be it further enacted, That a Column, or Pillar of Brass or Stone, be erected on, or as near unto the Place where the said Fire so unhappily began, as conveniently may be; in perpetual Remembrance there-