The Fire of London. 227

The Fire of London.

An Account of the vast Damage and Spoil made by the forementioned Conflagration.

That the Reader may the better judge of the Damages done by this Fire, some have computed the Thirteen thousand odd hundred Houses burnt and destroyed, to be worth one with another 25l. Yearly Rent; which at the low Rent of 12 Years Purchase, will in the whole amount unto Three Millions and Nine Hundred Thousand Pounds Sterling, and upwards.

A Computation of the Damages sustained by the Fire.

And for the other Works of publick Concern, they have been thus moderately estimated.

An estimate of Losses.

A Table of Estimates.


In Houses burnt as aforesaid3900000

J. Leyburn.

In Churches and other Publick Edifices as follow:

The 87 Parish Churches, at 3000l. each696000
Six Chappels, at 2000l. each12000
The Royal Exchange, at50000
The King's Custom-House, at10000
The 52 Halls of Companies, 1500l.73000
Three of the City Gates, at 3000l. each9000
The Goal of Newgate15000
Four Stone Bridges,6000
The Sessions House7000
The Guild Hall, and Courts and Offices belonging to it40000
Blackwell Hall3000
Bridewell 5000
Poultry Counter5000
Woodstreet Counter3000

To which add,

Towards the Building of St. Paul's
The Wares, Housholdstuff, Mo-
neys, and other moveable Goods,
lost and spoiled, may probably
amount to
In the Hire of Porters, Carts, Wa-
gons, Barges, Boats, &c. for
Removing, Carrying and Re-
carrying of Wares, Houshold-
stuff and the like, during the
Time of the Fire and some
small time after; may well be
reckoned at
In Printed Books, and Paper in several
Shops and Warehouses
In Wine, Tobacco, Sugar, Plumbs,
&c. of which the City was at
that Time very full

For Publick Works Enjoyned by Act of Parliament.

For cutting a Navigable Channel from the
Thames to Holborn Bridge
For a Monument to be erected near to the
Place where the Fire began.

Melioration Money paid to several Proprietors, who had their Ground taken away, for the making of Wharfs, enlarging of Streets, making of new Streets and Market Places, &c. All which Particulars, viz.

For Houses burnt3900000
For Publick Edifices burnt939000
For Losses sustained in Moneys and
in Goods Burnt, and in Carriage
and removing, and by St. Paul's
Church being then almost new
For Publick Works enjoyned to be done
by Act of Parliament
For Melioration
The Sum of all10 730500

Of the strange Concurrence of several Causes, (hapning at the same time) occasioning the Fire so vigourously to spread and increase.


BEsides the supine Negligence of the People (whether Master of Servants) of the House, where this dreadful Conflagration began; Next unto God's just Judgments for the heinous crying Sins of this Nation and City in particular; Some have made Enquiry into other natural Causes, which might occasion such a general Ruin, from so small a Beginning: And

First, They consider the Time of the Night when it first began, viz. between One and Two of the Clock after Midnight; when all were in a dead Sleep.


Secondly, It was Saturday Night when many of the most eminent Citizens, Merchants, and others were retired into the Country, and none but Servants left to look to their City Houses.


Thirdly, It was in the long Vacation, being that particular Time of the Year, when many wealthy Citizens and Tradesmen are wont to be in the Country at Fairs, and getting in of Debts, and making up Accounts with their Chapmen.


Fourthly, The Closeness of the Building, and Narrowness of the Street in the Places where it began, did much facilitate the Progress of the Fire; by hindring of the Engines to be brought to play upon the Houses on Fire.


Fifthly, The Matter of which the Houses, all thereabouts, were; viz. Timber, and those very old.


Sixthly, The Dryness of the preceeding Season; there having been a great Drought even to that very Day, and all the Time that the Fire continued, which had so dryed the Timber, that it was never more apt to take Fire.


Seventhly, The nature of the Wares and Commodities stowed and vended in those Parts, were the most Combustible of any other sold in the whole City: As Oyl, Pitch, Tar, Cordage, Hemp, Flax, Rosin, Wax, Butter, Cheese, Wine, Brandy, Sugar, &c.


Eighthly, An Easterly Wind, (which is the dryest of all others) had blown for several Days together before; and at that Time very strongly.


Ninthly, The unexpected failing of the Water thereabouts at that Time; For the Engine at the North End of London Bridge, called the Thames Water Tower, (which supplyed all that Part of the City with Thames Water) was out of Order, and in a few Hours was it self burnt down, so that the Water Pipes, which conveyed the Water