CHELSEA College. 214

CHELSEA College.

The Pronunciation of Admission.

The Office of the Master, of the Warden, of the Fellows; of the Poor Brothers and Sisters; of the Matron; of the Poor Scholars.

The Porter's Office.

The Office of the Thirty Members.

Of Residency.

Orders for the Poor, and their Goods.

Of Obedience.

Orders for the Chapel, and Burial.

Orders for the School and Scholars, and Placing them forth.

Orders for Diet.

The Scholars Surplices and Coats.

Time for Viewing Expences.

Publick Audit, and Private Sitting Days.

Audit, and Treasury Chamber.

Of Lodgings.

Orders about the Lands and Woods.

The Master and Warden allowed Diet for one Man each.

And what Servants for the College; and their Wages.

Disposition and Division of the Revenues.

Disposition of the Rent of the Blue House.

The Poor to be taken out of any other Parish or County, in case none be found capable in the Parishes prescribed.

The Disposition of the Forfeitures.

The Statutes to be read over Four several Times in the Year.

The Disposition of certain Tenements in St. Saviour's Parish, and Southwark.]

The Revenue is reckoned to be of the Value of 700l. per Annum.

The Master of this College must always be of the Founder's Name, viz. Allen.

There belong to this Foundation Two Schoolmasters, whose Salaries are each 10l. per Annum; and a Chaplain, whose Salary is 12l. per Ann.

They have very good Chambers, and dine together at a common Table; and their Fare plentiful.

There was an Epigram made by the great Poet Ben. Johnson, upon this Allen.]



CHELSEA COLLEGE was also founded in the Reign of King James the First; not so much a College of Charity, as of Learning, viz. for the Entertainment of Learned Men and Writers. And therefore, under that Consideration it comes not under our present Cognizance, but hath been spoken of already in its proper Place. But of later Times, (the Ground escheating to the King) it hath been founded anew for the Ends and Purposes of a Charitable Relief of Soldiers, and stiled, The Royal Hospital of Chelsea. And as such, we shall declare a few Things concerning it.

Chelsea College.

J. S.

In Dr. Edward Chamberlain's Present State of England, and in a late Description of the Town and Church of Chelsey, some particular Account is given of this Royal Hospital. Whence these Matters briefly taken may be worthy to be noted. For what Use and Service this House is designed, appears from a fair Inscription in Capitals upon the Cornice of the Piazza, viz.

The present State of it.

Iu Subsidium et Levamen Emeritorum Senio,
Belloque fractorum, Condidit CAROLUS II. Auxit JACOBUS II. Perfecere GULIELMUS & MARIA Rex & Regina, MDCXC.

This Hospital consisteth of two Wings, each 360 Foot long, and near 80 broad. It is three Stories high. On the North it is joyned by a Chapel and Hall near the same Dimensions; and lyeth open toward the South, having a pleasant View of the Gardens adjoining, of the Thames, and of Surry beyond it.

It hath 16 Wards for the Accommodation of above 400 Men. Several Buildings are adjoining, that make two other large Courts, and are Apartments for the Officers and Servants of the House, as Bakers, Launders, &c. for old maimed Officers of Horse and Foot, and the Infirmary wherein to lodge the Sick.

Besides the Buildings is a large Piece of Ground inclosed, planted and made into Walks for the Diversion of the Soldiers. And before it very good Gardens and Canals, running down to the Thames side. It consists of Forty Acres of Ground, and was designed by Sir Christopher Wren, Surveyor General of the Queen's Works. The Charge of Building is computed to be 150000l. There be now in this House near 500 Men, which with the Officers, Servants, and Out-Pensioners, make near 800. The vast Charges are defrayed out of the Poundage of the Army, which comes to 12000l. a Year and more: besides one Days Pay of each Officer, and of each common Soldier, once every Year, which amounts to above 3000l. as Dr. Chamberlain accounted.

There be Prayers twice a Day. The Chaplains are two, who have each 100l. a Year Salary. The Furniture and Plate of the Chapel were given by K. James. They all Dine in common in the Hall. The Officers by themselves at a separate Table. Over Head is a noble Piece of Painting of K. Charles II. on Horseback, with several others as big as the Life, designed by Signior Vario, finished by Mr. Cook; the Gift of the Earl of Ranelagh. The Pavement of the Chapel and Hall are Black and White Marble.


In the midst of the Quadrangle is a Brass Statue of K. Charles II. in the antient Roman Dress, somewhat bigger than the Life, standing upon a Marble Pedestal, given by Tobias Rustat. It cost, they say, 500l.

He that is capable of Admission into this Society, is one that is maimed and disabled in the Service of the Crown, or that hath served the Crown Twenty Years. They wear red Coats lined with Blue; and are provided with all other Cloaths, Linnen and Woollen; and have plentiful Diet, clean Lodging, Washing, and Firing. In short, they live so easily and conveniently, that some Soldiers coming to see this Hospital, (as Dr. Chamberlain hath related) have almost longed to be Old enough or Lame enough, to be admitted into the Society.

Who are admitted.