The SAVOY. 211


"Item, For Building and Finishing the said Chapel and Hospital, Money delivered to the Dean and Chapter of Paul's, 10000 Mark in Money."

In Compliance wherewith, King Henry VIII. his Son, in the Second Year of his Reign, granted that Place, or Piece of Ground, called The Savoy, to Richard Bishop of Winchester, Richard Bishop of London, and divers others, Executors of King Henry the Seventh's Will, for the Founding an Hospital. And by another Deed, Anno Quarto, granted License to the said Executors, to found such Hospital for Five Secular Chaplains, one of which to be Master; to pray for the good Estate of him, and Katharine his Consort, and for the Soul of King Henry the Seventh, and Elizabeth his Consort, and Arthur Prince of Wales. And to be called, The Hospital of Henry VII. late King of England, at the Savoy. And to be a Body Corporate; and to have a Common Seal, and yearly Revenues to the Value of 500 Mark by the Year, for the Maintenance of the said Chaplains, and such other Works of Mercy and Piety, as by the said Executors should be appointed.

Monastic. Angl. Vol. 2.

But to give some further Light into this Foundation, as to the Revenues and Persons belonging to it, and the Poor here relieved; I shall give a brief Account of a Commission issued out from the King, 5. Edward VI. to Sir Roger Cholmley, Knight, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and certain others, to visit this Hospital: Who were to make particular Enquiry into these Articles.

A Commission 5. Edward VI. to Visit this Hospital.

I. How, and in what Sort the Foundation Statutes and Ordinances of the said Hospital were observed.

II. Wherein the same did agree with the common Orders and Proceedings of the Realm in Causes of Religion.

III. How the Ministers, both Men and Women, gave Attendance, and did their Duties in their several Offices and Vocations.

IV. Of the State of the House, and Order of the Lands.

Of which last, this was the Sum of the Report they gave in to the King and his Council.

The State and Condition of the Savoy.

The Value and Issues of the Lordships,
Manors, Lands, &c. the last Year
amounted to
54155 ob.
Reprizals, Fees, Payments, Expences,
Reparations, &c.
74677 ob.q.
So that the Expences exceeded the
Revenue, by

Numerus Pauperum ægrotantium.


The Numbers of the Poor refreshed within the said Hospital, from Michaelmas, Anno 4. Edward VI. to the 24th of September, Anno 5. Edward VI. of Sick and impotent People, besides others nightly lodged there, 8339

The yearly Fees and Salaries briefly stood thus:

To the Master of the Hospital,30000
To the Four Chaplains,16000
Two Conducts,6134
Thirteen Sisters,5206 8
Ten Servants,22068
Other Officers, as Physician, Sur-
geon, Auditor, and Ste-
Expences upon poor People,133064 ob.

So that besides the Damage this House received by the first Master of all, (when the Treasure appointed by Foundation and Statutes was by him totally consumed, and nothing remained thereof) the Savoy was now become ruinous, and in a very declining Condition. Which inclined the King, upon a Motion made to him by the City of London, to dissolve it; as he did; and granted the Beds and Furniture to the City, for the Use and Benefit of the Poor, to be harboured at Bridewell; and settled much of the Revenues of the said Hospital upon it. So that the Charity did not cease hereby, but was removed from one Place to another.


The Bedding and Revenue of the Savoy given to Bridewell.

But Q. Mary, K. Edward's Successor, founded the Savoy anew, incorporated and endowed it; and placed one Jackson Master of the Hospital. And then all the Court Ladies and Maids of Honour, in imitation of the Queens Charity, contributed their Parts and Shares towards it, by sending sufficient store of Beds and Bedding, and other Things necessary, for Furniture of the Rooms where the Poor were to be harboured.

Q. Mary founds it anew.

In the beginning of Q. Elizabeth, the Chapel became a Church, for the Inhabitants in and about the Parts of the Strand next the Savoy, to resort to, to hear Divine Service and Sermons, and for the Administration of the Sacraments. And was so allowed and appointed by Grindal Bishop of London, with the Consent of the Master, and the Parish of St. Clements. And so the Savoy, which formerly stood within the Parishes of St. Clements Danes, and St. Mary the Strand, was now become a Parish it self.

The Chapel now a Parish Church.

The Savoy had the bad Fortune to meet with another ill Master, Thomas Thurland by Name; who came in about Q. Elizabeth's Access to the Crown. He, besides that he was a Papist, and of a scandalous Life, embezzelled the Goods and Revenues; and the Poor wanted Necessaries; and ran the House above 2000l. in Debt. So that in the Year 1570. it was visited by Archbishop Grindal, with others; and the Master was deprived; but upon Promise and Oath of better Behaviour was afterwards restored again about the Year 1575.

Visited by Archbishop Grindal.

However this House was founded and intended for charitable Relief, yet it was much abused. So that in Q. Elizabeth's time, a great many Rogues and idle Beggars sheltered themselves here, upon pretence of being Needy, or Lame, or Sick, and to want Relief, according to the Order of the Foundation; which was, That the Master was sworn to receive Claudicantes, ægrotantes, & Peregrinantes. For Anno 1581, in the Month of January, a Search being made by the Recorder, in London and the Suburbs, for Rogues, he sent the Constables of the Dutchy to the Hospital of the Savoy; and they brought to him to Bridewell Six tall Fellows, that were Draymen, belonging unto Brewers, and were neither Lame, Sick, nor travelling Persons. The Constables, if they might have had their own Wills, would have brought as many more. But the Master wrote a very courteous Letter to the Recorder, and the other Justices to pardon them. But though he wrote thus charitably for them, they were all soundly paid and so sent home to their Masters. And it was observed, that the Savoy was a great Nursery of

Rogues get Harbour here.