The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet. 202

The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet.

" Children, who throw our selves at your Royal Feet, among the rest of your glad Subjects, that here in Crowds appear to behold your Sacred Majesty. "

" We, MADAM, have no Fathers, no Mothers, no Friends; or (which is next to none) those who through their extreme Poverty cannot help us. * Gods Providence is our Inheritance. All the Support we have is from the unexhausted Charities of your Loyal Citizens of London, and other your good Subjects, and the pious Care of our Governors, who are now teaching our little Hands to Work, and our Fingers to Spin. "

* The Motto on their Badge which they wear at their Breasts.

" * These Threads, MADAM, are some of the early Fruits of our Industry. We are all daily employed on the Staple Manufacture of England, learning betimes to be useful to the World. And there seemed nothing wanting to compleat our Happiness, but the Opportunity which this Day affords us, of being the Objects of your tender Pity and Compassion. One gracious Smile from your Majesty on this new Foundation will make us live. - And live to call you Blessed. "

* Holding some Yarn in their Hands.

" And may God Almighty long preserve your Majesty for the Good of these your Kingdoms, and your Royal Consort the PRINCE. So pray we, your little Children: And let all your People say, AMEN."

The Year ending 1704, were put forth Apprentices to Service, and discharged, 161. Several whereof were placed forth to Commanders of Ships, and others in the Queen's Service by Sea, to Merchantmen, Fishermen, and others. Buried 6. Remaining under the Charge of the Governors, 368. Of grown Vagrants and Beggars, and other idle and disorderly Persons, many whereof had Cloathing and other Relief, 653. Discharged the last Year 609. Many whereof went into her Majesties Service, either by Land or Sea. Dyed 6. Remain 38.

The Good done here, 1704.

This Order was published in the Postman, Decemb. 15. 1704, by the President and Governors for the Poor of London, viz.

"Whereas the Streets, and Passages of this City are generally at this time of the Year much annoyed with Rogues, Vagabonds, and sturdy Beggars; for prevention hereof for the future, the President and Governors of the Poor of the City of London, do give notice, that if any Overseer for the Poor, Constable, Beadle, Marshalsman, Warder, or other Person, shall apprehend any Rogue, Vagabond, or sturdy Beggar, and bring them before any Justices of the Peace, so that they may be brought and delivered to, and received by the Keeper of the Workhouse, he shall receive 12d. for every such."

An Order for taking up idle People, from the Governors of this House.

What a publick Benefit this Workhouse hath already proved, may appear from a Presentment of the Grand Jury, May the 8th, 1706, at Justice Hall in the Old Baily, wherein they represented to that Honourable Court, "That in attending the Business of that Sessions, they did not find any of those young Criminals which formerly were used to be brought before them; and that their Attendance there was so very short. Which they were sensible was owing, in a great measure, if not entirely, to the Workhouse Erected in the City, which received therein all Poor and Vagrant Children, which lay up and down in the Streets, (commonly called by the Name of the Black Guard) and have been there educated, employed, and fitted for Trades, and other Employments, who had been before trained up to Wickedness and Vice; and after, having been frequently before this Court, and often pardoned on account of their tender Years, had at last (taking no Warning) made their Exit at the Gallows. Wherefore they returned their hearty Thanks to that Honourable Court, and the rest of the Governors of that House for their great Pains therein, &c."

Fewer young Criminals by means of this Workhouse.

This was the Condition of this House of Charity divers Years past. As for the State of it more lately, take it as it was reported and given in March the 20th, 1715-16.

Children in the House at Lady Day,180
Since admitted,032

Discharged, put forth Apprentice, or at
Service in several good Families,

These are Religiously Educated, according to the Usage of the Church of England; and are employed in Spinning Wool, Sewing or Knitting: They are Dieted and Cloathed, and duly taken care of in Sickness. They are taught to Read, Write, and cast Accompt, whereby they are qualified for Services and honest Employments. And have, at their being placed out of the House, a Suit of Cloaths, or 20s. in lieu thereof. But Freemens Children (and sometimes others) have a larger Allowance out of Benefactions, directed to be appropriated to that Purpose.

Note, The Smallness of the real Esate belonging to this House, and want of a suitable Supply, has prevented admitting Children in the usual Manner; and the Undertaking is now reduced to great Streights and Necessities.

Vagabonds, Beggars, Pilfering, and other young Vagrants, Lewd, Idle, and Disorderly Persons, duly committed in the Year last past were 363; and 55 that remained at Ladyday, 1715, in all 418


These Vagabonds, Beggars, &c. have proper Relief, and are employed either in beating Hemp, picking Oakum, or washing Linnen, And as to such of them who are strolling Vagrants and Beggars, after they have been thus for some time confined to hard Labour, and taught thereby how to subsist honestly, they are then, as the Law directs, sent to their respective Settlements.

Of the Children here Educated since the Year 1701, there have been discharged and placed forth Apprentice to Officers of Ships, to Trades, and to Services in several good Families (besides those mentioned in the present Account) one Thousand Four Hundred and Twenty; and within that time Six Thousand Five Hundred Thirty Four Vagabonds, Beggars, &c. (among which were several notorious Impostors pretending to be Lame, Dumb, and Blind,) have been committed, and punished with Confinement and hard Labour, in the manner above-mentioned. Of the Children there have Dyed 123; and of the Vagabonds, &c. 60.