The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet. 197

The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet.

The State of this Hospital given in, in the year 1704, was thus:

State of this Hospital.

Distracted Men and Women then brought in were,64
Cured of their Lunacy and Discharged,50
Then under Cure,130

The State of the said Hospital given in, in the Year 1705 stood thus:

Distracted Men and Women brought in the last Year,72
Cured of their Lunacy, and Discharged thence,38
Then remaining under Cure,137

The Condition of Bethlem Hospital, from the Year 1705 to 1706 (as it was Published) stood thus:

Distracted Men and Women brought in the last Year,72
Cured of their Lunacy and Discharged,52
Remaining under Cure, and provided for with Physick, Diet, and other Relief 148

From Easter 1706, to Easter 1707, this Account was given in:

Distracted Men and Women brought in,82
Cured of their Lunacy,59
Remaining under Cure,142

Some few Years after, viz. Anno 1711, the Account of this Hospital then brought in, stood thus:

Admitted into the Hospital,92
Cured of their Lunacy and Discharged,72
Remaining under Cure,130

The two last Years stood thus: Viz. 1717.

Distracted Men and Women admitted,91
Cured of their Lunacy,67
Buried, 14
Remaining under Cure,137

Admitted the Year, Viz. 1718,

Distracted Men and Women,71
Cured of their Lunacy, and discharged,61
Remaining in the said Hospital,130

The Officers and Servants of this Hospital, in the Year 1707, were as follows:

Sir Samuel Dashwood, Knight and Alderman, President.
Thomas Gardiner, Esq; Treasurer.
Edward Tyson, M.D. Physician.
Talmon, Chirurgeon.
John Adams, Apothecary, who hath no Salary
but was paid for his Physick at a certain
Benjamin Timme, Clerk.
Thomas Yale, Steward.
Francis Wood, Porter.
His Wife, Matron.
Three Basket Men.
A Nurse.
Two Women for the Patients.
One Cookmaid.

Remarkable were the Expressions, (to add no more) used by the Preacher on Wednesday in Easter Week, this present Year 1719, concerning the poor People received into Bethlem, proper to raise a Compassion towards them: "That these had lost their Senses, and the Use of the Reason and Understanding which they once had; and now had nothing left but their outward Shape to distinguish them from the Creatures below them. These are sad Objects indeed. They shew us to our selves in the worst Disguise, by turning to us the weak and dark Side of Human Nature; and serve to convince us what little Reason we have to glory in our Wisdom, or in any intellectual Attainments; since the strongest Brain may so suddenly, and by so many Accidents by disordered, &c. "

Spittal Sermon at St. Brides by Dr. Ibbot.

" That the Sight of those unhappy Wretches might raise such Reflections as these in our Minds, but should never be made Matter of Sport, and Pastime, Recreation, and Diversion. That this would be a barbarous and inhuman Abuse of such sad Spectacles. But as often as we beheld them, we should bless God for preserving us from their miserable State, and do all we can to relieve them under it: To have them again restored to their Senses, and recovered to their right Mind."

The WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet.


THERE is still one House remaining, wherein poor People and Vagrants are received and taken care of, especially of poor Children: And this of late Founding, but of excellent Use and Service to the City. It is the WORKHOUSE in Bishopsgatestreet, adjoining to that which was Sir Paul Pindar's House, which though it hath not a Penny Revenue, yet is able to maintain several Hundreds of poor Children, besides great Numbers of idle Persons of both Sexes; being founded upon an Act of Parliament in the 13th and 14th Years of K. Charles II. which gave Power to raise a sufficient Sum of Money upon the Inhabitants of the City to defray the Charges. It is governed by Fifty two Citizens; and the Lord Maior for the Time being is always President, and the Aldermen his Assistants. It receives poor Children, and grown Vagrants, and other idle People. The Children are taught to spin Wool and Flax, to Sow and Knit, to make their own Cloaths, Shoes, and Stockings, and the like Employments; to inure them betimes to labour. They are also taught to read, and such as are capable, to write and cast Accounts; and also the Catechism, to ground them in Principles of Religion and Honesty. The Vagrants and Beggars, Men and Women, are employed in sewing, beating Hemp, picking Okam, and rasping Logwood. And among these, several great Cheats, pretending to be Lame, Dumb and Blind, and Burned, have been detected.

The Workhouse in Bishopsgatestreet.

J. S.

For poor Children, and idle Persons.

One Robert Cunningham, about 40 Years old, was brought into this Workhouse in September, 1705, that went begging up and down the City, with a Paper of Rhimes, pretending to be Deaf and Dumb, by reason of Sickness, Famine and Cold, and to come from London-Derry, and that he waited for a Pension. But he was detected to have no Infirmity, and is to be sent a Soldier in her Majesties Service. This is the Fourth pretended Dumb Person lately discovered.

A Deaf and Dumb Cheat brought hither.

And in April 1707, was brought to this Workhouse one Mary Welch with her two Children. She used to beg about London and Westminster, and in other Parts with her said Children in Paniers on Horseback, being wrapt up in Sheets and Blankets, pretending that they were burnt in their Limbs by a Fire in Lincolnshire that consumed her House. This Trade she followed several Years. All which pretended Calamity was notoriously false, the said Mary and her two Children being sound

And another named Mary Welch.