Christ's Church Hospital. Their Diet; And good Orders. 182

Christ's Church Hospital. Their Diet; And good Orders.

And after this manner the Children fare daily. They have every Morning for their Breakfast Bread and Beer, at Half an Hour past Six in the Morning, in the Summer Time; and at Half an Hour past Seven in the Winter. On Sundays, they have boiled Beef and Pottage for their Dinners; and for their Suppers, as good Legs and Shoulders of Mutton as can be bought; as of 12, 13 or 14 Pounds apiece. On other Days, their Fare, as it is thrify, so it is sufficient.

Their daily Fare.

On Tuesdays and Thursdays, the same Dinners as on Sundays; that is, boiled Beef and Pottage. On the other Days, no Flesh Meat: But on Mondays, Milk Pottage; On Wednesdays, Furmity; On Fridays, old Pease and Pottage; On Saturdays, Watergruel.

They have Rost Beef about Twelve Days in the Year, by the Kindness of several Benefactors; who have left, some 3l. some 50s. per Annum, for that End and Purpose.

Their Supper is Bread and Cheese, or Butter for those that cannot eat Cheese. Only Wednesdays and Fridays, they have Pudding-pies for Supper.

Their Bread formerly was very coarse and brown; but by the Care and Order of Mr. Breerwood, a late Treasurer, it was changed, and is very good wheaten Bread. And when it first was brought into the Hall in the Bread-Baskets, the poor Childrens Hearts rejoiced, and they gave a great Shout, praying God to bless their good Treasurer.

Their Bread.

The good Orders of this numerous House is also much to be commended. Omitting the rest, I shall relate the Custom on the Lord's-Days; which bringeth Multitudes of People, both of the City and Court, thither, to behold.

Their good Orders.

As soon as the Boys come from Church, in the Afternoon, they all repair to the Writing-School. There all their Names are called over. Then the chief Master catechizeth them; that is, Two Wards at a Time, and the Ward of the Girls. [Note, He Catechizeth Three times a Week; whereof Sunday is one.] Then he Expoundeth upon the Catechism. And that holds till about half an Hour past Five. After a little Respite, the Boys go into the Hall to Supper. All being come in; one Boy appointed goeth up into a Pulpit there placed, and readeth a Chapter, being the Second Lesson for the Day. After that, he reads likewise several good Collects, or short Prayers, composed (or ordered to be composed) by the Right Reverend the Bishop of London; being all suitable to the Occasion: As, for all States of Men; and Thanks for their Benefactors; and Prayers for their Foundation. At the End of every Prayer, all the Boys cry AMEN, that makes a very melodious Sound. The Boy that readeth, is one of the uppermost, and designed for the University. The Prayers being done, a Psalm is named by the same Boy; and all sing, with a good Organ, that is placed in the said great Hall. That done, the said Boy in the Pulpit craves a Blessing upon their Supper. And then all the Boys and Girls, that were standing round in their Order before, go quietly each to the Tables, and take their Places (which they know) without any Noise. Then certain of the Boys, in their Turns, some bring Bread in their Baskets, ready cut in good Pieces; and others, Trenchers; and others, small Beer; of which they have as much as they please. Then are brought, in several wooden Platters, Legs of Mutton, usually cut out into reasonable Pieces; and the Nurses distribute them to each Boy. Supper being done, (which is not long) the former Boy goes up into the Pulpit again, and give Thanks: And then sets a Psalm; and all the Boys sing well with the Organ. This done, they all, in very quiet and good Order, retire from the Hall to their several Wards; the Nurses of each Ward going before their respective Ward; and one of the Boys in each Ward carrying the Bread-Basket upon his Shoulder, another the Table-Cloth; and so the Hall is presently cleared. And the Nurses and Boys, as they pass along by the Treasurer, make their Obeisance. When they are thus retired to their several Wards, the Nurses hear them all read Chapters out of the Bible: And then they sing some Psalm again; and soon after, they all go to Bed.

On Sundays.

Mr. Deputy Hawes, July 16. 1704. then Treasurer, did me the Favour to shew me all this very decent Christian Order.

And that these poor Children may be cared for in Sickness as well as in Health, there is a convenient Apartment by it self for such to be kept in: Which contains a Room for the Lodging of the Sick, a Kitchen, for dressing their Diet, and preparing such Food or Physick as is needful for them; and a Consultation Chamber, where the Physician, Apothecary or Chirurgeon meet, to confer upon the Patients Distempers and Cures: Together with other Places convenient. There is a Nurse proper to this Ward: And they have a Physician; who was formerly the very Learned and well deserving Dr. Sloan; now Sir Hans Sloan, Baronet; an Apothecary, and a Chirurgeon: Who commonly come two or three times a Week, or oftner, as there is Occasion for them. The College of Physicians appoint the Doctor. And in such a good State of Health was this Hospital, that in the Month of July, Anno 1704, (when I was there) there were but Five Lads in this Ward; and they then pretty well.

The Ward for the Sick.

Besides the Children that are maintained within the Walls of this Hospital, there be considerable Numbers belonging to it, which are sent out and provided for in the Country; viz. at Ware and Hertford, in Hertfordshire. And they are of the least and youngest sort; and afterwards brought home to London. At each Place is a Schoolmaster, to teach the Children to read; with a Salary of 50l. each.

Children of Christ's Hospital at Ware and Hertford.

At Ware is a fine Building, like a College, making a large Quadrangle, for Boys, containing a Schoolhouse and a Master's House, and 20 Houses for Nurses to keep the Children. Sir Jonathan Raymond, Knight, sometime Alderman of London, bought and gave them a Field near adjoining, to recreate themselves and to play in. In the Summer of the Year 1704, Fifty seven Boys, and more, were going thither. Eighty Children then being kept there.

At Hertford is also a Schoolhouse and a Master's House, and Thirteen Houses more, each with two Rooms on a Floor, and Gardens belonging. Hither were sent in the Year 1704, Ninety six Boys, and some Girls; which Girls were sent thither for Air, because not well. So that divers Years ago, an Hundred Children were kept at Hertford.

This Hospital expends 12 or 1300l. a year, in Salaries to Officers, Clerks and Servants. And the Foundation hath such a Reputation, and the Estate belonging to it so well employed, and so justly managed, and used to the real Intents of it, and the Government of it so good and regular, that many have been encouraged to be frank Benefactors to it. And seldom Men of Estate in the City dye, but they leave it very good Le-

Expences, Benefactions, and Revenues.