|Christ's Church Hospital. Wards. Children. ||180
the last Year of their Time to his Service. This Sir Robert Clayton believed
was the chief Instrument to procure.
Queen Anne lately sent for a Boy out of this her Mathematick School, for Mr.
her Ingineer going to Portugal. The Boy's Name also was Richards; he was very
useful and highly agreeable to the Engineer; insomuch, that he hath of late sent
Treasurer to thank him for his Boy; and adding, that he went beyond all others
Ingenuity and Fitness to serve him.
Q. Anne places out one of these Boys.
The Governors, at the late worthy Treasurer's good Motion, repaired an old Ward
the North Cloisters, to be appropriated for other Forty Boys to be taught
as the Kings Boys are; but are to wear a distinct Badge from them, as belonging
another Foundation; namely, the old Foundation.
Another Ward of Mathematick Boys
There have been sometimes a Thousand poor Children and more, maintained here at
one time. And so hath been the Will of the Governors to continue such a Number
But the Foundation could not sustain them, and borrowed Money, and ran in Debt;
so they were reduced to a less Number. But now, by great Benefactions of late,
careful Treasurer, they are advancing towards that Number, taking care of at
present between Six and Seven Hundred Boys.
The Number of Children here provided for.
These live partly in Christs Hospital, and partly at Nurse in Country Towns in
Hertfordshire, provided with convenient Diet, Cloathing, Lodging, and Learning.
a great many of the Boys are put forth Yearly Apprentices, and the Girls
good Services. And some of a more pregnant Wit, and that have a Genius for
are sent to the Universities. And many of these have proved afterwards Men
either for Wealth, or Acquisitions of Learning, or Usefulness in the
Duly provided for.
But now to relate some further Particulars of the State of this Hospital; as the
and Apartments, the Schools, the Masters and Mistresses, the Governors, and
the Provisions for their Maintenance, the good Order and Government, the
and the Benefactors.
The State of this House.
There is a great and spacious Hall well built, where the Boys Dine and Sup. It
built after the great Fire by Sir John Frederick, Alderman of London, and cost
5000l. In this Hall at the upper End is a large Picture, that covereth all the
Wall of the
North End, and stretcheth on the East and West Walls, representing K. James II.
intended for K. Charles II. had he lived but a little longer) sitting there, and
and the Governors, and Treasurer, and others in great Numbers standing about
with the Pictures of K. Edward VI. and K. Charles II. as Founders, drawn half
Painted as hanging up in the same Table. And there is a particular
Representation of the
Mathematick School; it is done by Vario, and reckoned worth 1000l. There is
at the other End of this Hall a large Picture more antient of K. Edward VI. the
Founder, delivering his Royal Charter for this Hospital to the Maior, who
the Aldermen behind him; a Bishop (which I suppose is Ridley) with many others
standing about; an antient and a fine Piece.
In this Hall is a good Organ, that oftentime plays, when the Boys also sing
or Anthems on Sundays and other special Days.
There be Eight Wards where the Childrens Beds are, and where they Lodge and
Harbour; to which one more may be added, which makes a Ninth, but it is not made
use of at present wanting Repair, but now gone in Hand with to be fitted up for
reception of Boys, as the rest. In each of these Wards are harboured about
one with another.
The Girls have a Ward also by themselves, which is situated passing out of the
Hall on the East. It is fair and handsome, and indeed, the best Ward of all.
It was built
at the Cost of Mr. John Morice, and Sir Robert Clayton; the former giving 1000l.
other much more. Mr. Thomas Firmin, Girdler, that charitable Citizen in his
upon him the care of the Building; and was supplyed with Money from them, yet
concealing their Names according to their Desire, mentioning no more concerning
in this good Work, but only that two charitable Citizens were at the Charge of
it. It is
said, there will be a Marble Statue set up here for Sir Robert Clayton, as his
deserveth to be perpetuated for his singular Charity towards other Hospitals, as
The Girls Ward built.
Mr. Thomas Firmin.
But take a more particular Account of this Building, from one who had it from
Relation of Sir Robert himself, and how the Builders came to be known. Sir
had had a very great Fit of Sickness in the Year 168, and, being
restored to a good
State of Health, did think fit to make an Acknowledgment to God for this Mercy
some Publick good Work: And consulting with the said Mr. Firmin upon that
he proposed something should be done for Christs Hospital, which since the great
had been but little restored hitherto from its Ruins; and excited him
particularly to build
the Girls Ward there; the doing of which was computed at 2000l. Cost. Mr.
Sir Robert's Partner, was contented to give one half thereof. And Mr. Firmin
employed in the Care and Managery, with a strict Injunction given him, that
Names should not be discovered. This was not all that was intended: For Sir
then designed, that the Children of the House should be better fitted for common
ordinary Trades, than by the Methods then taken they were; and did project
Rooms under the Wards for several Trades; where the Children, not engaged in
Mathematicks should spend some of their time in honest Callings, that might be
to the House and the Publick too, according to some Models he had procured of
Hospitals from abroad. While this Work was carrying on, it was found convenient
make this a double Ward, however at first designed only for a single one; and
Case to be set within the Cloisters to serve both. This augmented the Charge at
proposed to near double the Sum; and Mr. Morice, Sir Robert's Partner, was now
dead, so that the whole Burthen now lay on him. While this Work was in hand,
privately viewed it, he intended something further, which would have cost 500l.
The Occasion. Mr. Cockeril.
But it most unseasonably happened at this time, that Feuds and Factions grew
among the Citizens, which ended at last in the depriving them of their Charter.
then was this most liberal and publick spirited Citizen and Magistrate, put out
the Government of the City, and of this Hospital, with many other worthy
so the good Work unhappily stopt. But Mr. Firmin soon took the Opportunity to
remaining Governors understand, what a Piece of Ingratitude this was, shewing
in some Zeal, that he that was thus discharged, was the very Man that had highly
deserved of the House in this expensive Building, by whose whole Charges it had
divers Years been carried on; whereby the Founder of this Ward came to be at
known, which otherwise might have been concealed to this Day.
A further good Work stopt by Faction.
Another Ward there is, being a convenient Ward apart by it self for the Sick,
that fall into any Distempers are removed, and due care taken of them.
Ward for the Sick.