|Schools. Christ-Church, Charter-House. ||171
sent thence to the Universities. To this Foundation belong also Twenty
that is to say, fourteen Women and six Men; the former have 20s. a Quarter, and
Men 25s. a Quarter. Each have a Room and a Cellar, and a Garden Plat. The
Mr. Gibson's Picture is there remaining. This Foundation was once burnt down,
rebuilt by the Company of Coopers of London, the present Patrons.
Another of these famous Schools in London, is that of Christ's Church Hospital;
which, as well as the Hospital, is under the Patronage and Government of the
Here are commonly very learned and able Schoolmasters appointed from time to
who formerly did not only instruct the poor Children of the Foundation, but many
Children of Citizens, sent thither by their Parents, who paid for their
here they arrived oftentimes to very good Skill in the Grounds of Latin and
Learning, as well as at the other Schools before mentioned; but now none allowed
taught there but such as are of the Foundation.
Christ Church School.
Let me mention a laudable Custom that the Scholars of this School had, that
the Year 1554. Which was, that on St. Bartholomew's Day publick Disputations
held among them upon the Points of Grammar, and upon what they had learned. And
for the rendring it the more solemn, the Lord Maior and Aldermen, and the
Counsil of the City, would be present, as Judges of the Disputation. Who, after
over, rewarded those that acquitted themselves best with Pens of Gold and
gratified and encouraged the Schoolmasters with Money. This was set on foot by
Will. Chester in his Sherivalty. And Sir Martin Bows, a very wealthy, and as
Citizen and Alderman, for the further Encouragement of this ingenuous Emulation
among the Youth, added, for another Reward to be bestowed at these Disputations,
Bows (in Allusion to his Name, and for a Remembrance of the Donor) and Arrows of
Silver (in memory of his Trade, being a Goldsmith) and a certain Sum of Money to
Masters; and likewise to the Maior and his Brethren (to encourage them to be
Banquet of Wine and Pears. This continued throughout Queen Mary's Reign; but
laid aside in the beginning of Queen Elizabeth's. This, Cooper in his Chronicle
was once a Schoolmaster himself in Magdalen College, Oxon.) took Notice of, as a
very good Practice, and shewed himself sorry it was left off, being so
profitable to the
Children, and so comfortable to the City; and wished heartily that it might be
again by some generous minded Men.
Disputations yearly among these Scholars.
Epitome of Chron.
There is another famous School at the Hospital of the Charterhouse near
Where Forty Boys are received and harboured; and have Allowance of Chamber,
Lodging, Table, and Gowns, as well as Instruction. But to be admitted only such
the Schoolmaster shall find and approve to be well entered in Learning, nor
Age of Ten Years, and not above Fourteen or Fifteen. The Schoolmaster must be
competent Age, that is, of 27 Years at least, and a Master of Art, of good
both for Life and Learning in the Latin and Greek Tongues. To the School also
an Usher, who must have taken the Degree of Batchelor of Art of two Years at the
before his Election hither, and of the Age of Four and twenty. To be read none
approved Authors, Greek and Latin, as are read in the best Free Schools. The
Form to be furnished with Greek Testaments for
their Use in the Chapel. Besides the Scholars weekly Exercise, the highest Form
every Sunday set up on the Great Hall four Greek and four Latin Verses apiece,
made upon any Part of the second Lesson appointed for that Day: for the Master
Hospital, or any Stranger to view and examine. As also two of them are
weekly to read the Chapter, and say Grace at every Meal in both the Halls. The
and Usher are to take care to teach the Scholars to cifer and cast Accounts,
those that are less capable of Learning, and fittest to be put to Trades. Not
to take into
their Tuition above 60 other Scholars, unless they entertain another Usher. To
for teaching those of the Foundation, no Fee nor Wages from their Friends. To
careful to observe the Nature and Ingeny of their Scholars, and accordingly to
and correct them. In Correction to be moderate. These are the Statutes for the
of the School.
Now as for the Scholars, tho' their Number at first was but Forty, yet now Four
Forty are chosen and admitted. They are to continue in the House but Eight
Years at the
most. Hence they are elected to either of the Universities and to any College
according to their Friends Choice and Determination. Their Allowance there is
Annum, paid quarterly, without any Charge or Trouble. But they are not to
above two Months in the Year. Twenty nine of these Scholars are sometimes
maintained in the Universities together, by the said Exhibition for Eight Years.
who are superannuated, being unwilling, or uncapable of Learning, are designed
Apprentices. And these are set apart for Writing and Ciphering, to qualify them
Trades; and have the Sum of 40l. given with them. The Scholars all dine in the
a Collegiate manner, and wear Gowns with Sleeves. And (which is another good
Benefit of this School;) as the House hath a great many Livings of Value in
Patronage, so they commonly bestow them upon their own Scholars.
Besides these Schools of greater Fame, in and about London, are divers other
Places for Education of Youth, more lately founded. As that in Bunhilfields in
Giles Cripplegate Parish. Over the Door entring in, is signified in Writing
whose Gift it
was, viz. Mr. Throgmorton Trotman's Freeschool. Upon the School House is a
Inscription, importing, that it was finished at the Charges of the Haberdashers
Company, Anno Dom. 1673. Richard Wynn, Esq; Master. Hugh Ratcliff, Philip
Smith, Nicholas Smith, John Freeston, Wardens. Richardo Houghton, A.M. primario
& primo Magistro; with the Arms of Trotman set their and painted. The
Salary is 50l.
per Annum, for which Thirty Boys of the said Parish of St. Giles are to be
Mr. Thomas Wright, M.A. is the present Master; who also hath a Dwelling House
there, appropriate to the School Master.
Other Schools in and about London.
School in Bunhilfields.
There is another Free School in Plough Yard in Sydon, or Seething Lane, in the
of Alhallows Barking, lately founded by one Hickson, a Brewer; endowed with
Twenty Pounds a Year, for one Master to teach Twenty poor Children; whereof
Fourteen to be of the said Parish of Barking, and six of an Hamlet in Wapping.
Master hath an House for himself where the said School is kept, and two Chaldron
Coals yearly allowed him. It is moreover endowed with 8l. a Year for a Writing
Master, to teach the Children Writing and Casting Accounts. The present Master
School in Seething Lane.