College of Heralds. 136

College of Heralds.

of Bayhal, to the Value of C Shillings, and an Annuity of 8l. 6s. 8d. of the Revenue of the Lordship of Huntingfield, in the County of Kent. To Thomas Holme, alias Clarencieux King of Arms in the South Parts, xxl. of the Customs and Subsidy of Exeter and Dartmouth; and xxl. more, of the Annuity of the Lordship of Walden, in the County of Essex; for Term of Life. Gloucester Herald; To him, his Heirs and Assigns for ever, the Manor of Oven in Kent, with all the Lands, Tenements, &c. late Sir John Fogg's.

Besides these Salaries, when the Kings of England went their Progresses, they commonly took their Heralds along with them; and these then had their daily Allowances. Thus in the Year 1552, in a Progress of King Edward VI. he took along with him in his Retinue the Four Kings at Arms; reckoning in Ulster for the Fourth; Somerset Herald, Rouge Dragon, and Blue Mantle, Pursuivants; and appointed Allowances to them for their Diet, from July the 5th, to the 7th of October; (which was the Time of the King's Progress) Viz. To Garter, 10s. by the Day: To the Three other Kings, 6s. 8d. per diem: To Somerset, 4s. And to the Two Pursuivants, 2s. each.]

K. Edward VI. in a Progress takes the Heralds along with him.

There are divers Things remain, that seem worthy to be added to what is already said concerning this College of Honour: As, Concerning the Usefulness of it; The Qualifications of those that are to be admitted into it: Its Antiquity, Settlement, Order, and other private Matters relating to the Heralds.

Several remarkable Matters concerning this Office.

It is placed within Castle Baynard Ward, near Paul's Wharf, in the Parish of St. Benet's.

The Usefulness of it appears, in that it is an Office Conservatory of Ancient Honour, and of the Memory of Persons of Nobility, Quality, and Merit, either for their Learning, Ecclesiastical Preferments, Exploits in War, Serviceableness in the Commonwealth, Wisdom in Government, Favour with their Princes, or the like; Together with their Pedigrees and Posterities, in whatsoever County in England they have lived. It is also highly useful, for the ascertaining many Doubts relating to Names and Families, and putting a Conclusion to Contentions in Law about Right Heirs, Legitimacy, Primogeniture, &c.

The Usefulness of it.

And as the Office is Honourable, and of great Import; so none are to be admitted to it, but Persons learned, and of ingenuous Education, and studious of Heraldry, and able to trick Coats of Arms, and to paint. As may appear by the Suit of Anthony Hall, Anno 1593, to the Lord Treasurer, who acted then in the Earl Marshal's Office, by a Special Commission from the Queen; That his Son Anthony Hall might be admitted a Pursuivant at Arms; being a Scholar bred up at Cambridge in Immanuel College, and since professing the Law at Bernard's Inn; and by the Lord Anderson's Gift, Clerk in the Prothonotary's Office in the Common Pleas: And his Inclination apt to gather Gentlemens Coats, as well on Church Windows, Stone Walls, as on Noblemens Tombs; whereby he had collected some 30000, or more Coats, of his own tricking and writing; besides a pretty Skill in counterfeiting Pictures after the Life, or otherwise.

Those admitted to this Office, how to be qualified.

Sir Gilbert Dethick, Garter, Principal King of Arms under King Edward VI. was instrumental in procuring the House, College and Corporation of the Heralds, with their Privileges. For tho' Queen Mary vulgarly, and according to Stow, hath the Praise of this Gift; yet indeed, it more truly belonged to that King. For, (as appears in a Volume of the Cotton Library) in the Year 1552, the Earl of Derby's Place was then in the Tenure of Sir Richard Sackvile, Kt. when the said Place, with divers other Messuages and Hereditaments, were sold to King Edward, by an Indenture bearing Date November the 24th, Anno Regni 6. For which the King, in Exchange, made over to the Earl certain Lands, called Leonard's Lands, joining to the Earl's Park, called Knowsley Park, in the County of Lancaster, and lately belonging to the Monastery of Briscow; of the yearly Value of 20s. with other Lands, &c. to the yearly Value of 41. 10s. and - -. And a Mese and a Grange, called Badley Grange, of the Value of 42s. per Ann. in Cheshire. All which amounted to the Value of 7l. 12s. The Date hereof was January the 24th. This Gift, I suppose, might be confirmed by Q. Mary, K. Edward's Successor.

K. Edward gave the Earl of Derby's Place to the Heralds.

Ledger-Book of Chancellor Goodrick, Julius, B. 9.

But tho' the Heralds had now a College, or General Office, yet for some Time after they had not the Conveniences of Habitations here, to dwell together; but lived at their own private Houses, where they could provide themselves; whereby they kept their Visitation-Books at Home: For so Leigh's Words import, in his Accidents of Armory; speaking how far the Heralds were sometimes to seek, when the Gentleman of ancient Blood came to see his Pedigree; because they had no several House where they might plant their Offices, and in that Place to make their Libraries for their Provinces. For as they were all now here, now there; so when they died, their Wives sold for a little Money their Books of Visitation, which cost them much Travail.

No Habitations for the Heralds in the College.

Accidents of Armory, f. 79. b. printed Anno 1568.

This Office for preserving of Honour was ancient. For when in the 28th of Henry III. Gerald Fitz Maurice (who was Justice of Ireland) died, as it seems, at Canterbury; King Henry III. Four or Five Hundred Years ago, (viz. An. 1244) issued out of his Command to the Keepers of that Archbishoprick, Quod emi faciant unum pulchrum Lapidem, ponend. super Corpus Geraldi Fil. Mauric. Justiciar Hibern. In quo fieri faciant Scutum ipsius Geraldi, cum Armis suis. Teste Rege apud Roff. 20. Die Novembr. i.e. That they cause to be bought a fair Stone, to be laid upon the Body of Gerald Fitz Maurice, Justice of Ireland: Whereon to be set his Shield with his Arms.

The Antiquity of this Office.

G. Holmes.

Liberat. 28. H. III. m. 19.

And in the Time of Edward I. Thomas Earl of Lancaster, Leicester and Derby, and Constable of England, ordained by Special Reformation, That no Man should wear any Hood on his Shoulder in Time of Mourning, except he were a Gentleman; but only a Tippet of three Nails Breadth. Also, That no Parson, Curate, Churchwarden, or others, should put down any Atchievement, Coat of Arms, or Pinion, or erase any Tomb out of Churches or Churchyards. And that no Goldsmith, Coppersmith, Glazier, Painter, or Marbler, should have to do with Arms, without the Consent of the King of Arms of that Province. And that they should not set a Merchant's Mark within a Scutcheon. And that this should be the more diligently look'd to, he ordained, That all the Kings of Arms should keep their Chapters once every Quarter of the Year at least. And that they should make their Visitation in their Provinces, or their Marshals for them, every Seventh Year. To conclude; He ordained, That the Herehaughts, [i.e. Heralds] at the Interment of every Gentleman, (where they were called to that Service) should take the Pedigree, with diligent Examination of old Folks then living, and to record the same.

Leigh's Act of Armory.

In former Times, the Number of the Officers that belonged to this Corporation was not fixed,

The unsettled State of this Office in Times past.