College of Physicians. 133

College of Physicians.

The Names of the Physicians of the College of London, Anno 1575.

Dr. Sinnings, President.
Dr. Cawdwell.
Dr. Good.
Dr. Atslow.
Dr. Smith, Oxon.
Dr. Gyfford.
Dr. Fryer.
Dr. Wooton.
Dr. Travers of Westchester.
Dr. Huicke.
Dr. Masters.
Dr. Foster, Candidatus.
Dr. Walker.
Dr. Smith, Cantabr.
Dr. Baronsdale.
Dr. Spiringe, a Stranger, Candid.

Strangers of the College.


Dr. Julio.
Dr. Martyn Corymbanck.
Mr. Hector.
Dr. Lopes.

The Electors (which are perpetual Officers of the College) are these.


Dr. Huicke.
Dr. Masters.
Dr. Synnings.
Dr. Good.
Dr. Cawdwel.
Dr. Atslow.
Dr. Walker.
Dr. Smith, Oxonien.

The College consisted for the most Part about this time, and before, of such as were Favourers of Popery, and were guilty of divers Disorders. This Account whereof was sent up, viz.

Disorders in the College about this time.

That the Presidents, Censors, Electors, and other their Officers, were not sworn to the Queen's Majesty at their Admission, as in other Corporations they were. Whereby it came to pass, that Papists continually had occupied the chief Rooms.


Caius often, Sinnings, Cawdwell, Atslow, who was chosen also the second time after his Troubles.

That Men expelled * their Universities for Religion, by this means had from time to time been received into the College, and thereby advanced in their Credit.

*Atslow Gyfford from Mertyn College.

That either they did wholly repel, † or not without much Importunity admit any, whom they thought to be well affected towards the true Religion now received.

†Fryer of Godmanchester, Caldwel, Peny, Turner, & alii.

That such as had gone beyond the Seas // to take the Degree of a Doctor, because they would avoid the Oath of the Supremacy (ministred according to the Statute in our Universities) had shortly upon their Return been admitted without any Oath ministred unto them.

// Smith, Oxon.

Hal. Fryer, Oxon.

That such as had been imprisoned for Religion and other great Matters, had kept themselves in Office at their own Pleasures, contrary to the College Statutes and their Oaths; and detained in their Hands the College Goods, disdaining to make any Account of the same.

That some of the Electors, who had fled for Religion out of the Realm, had been kept in their Offices, and stoutly defended as chief Members of the College (being at Louvain) until they dyed; that other honest, true Subjects might be kept out of the same Rooms.


That they made private Conventicles of a few to bring to pass their Purposes and Elections, which ought by the College Statutes to be done on Quarter Days only, and the whole Company being thereunto called.

The last Election stolen by Atslow, Sinnings, Cawdwell, Good, and Smith.

That the College Statutes were generally unperfect, and partly Popish.

These Things being declared and complained of to the Council, by some well affected in the Year 1575, Reformation of them was earnestly desired.

The City would now and then (not taking notice of their Customs and Priviledges, lay com- mon Burthens and Duties upon them, as upon other Inhabitants of the City. This made the College once to Petition the Queen's Council, that according to their ancient Customs and Privileges, they might be relieved of what was laid upon them. And upon their humble Petition, it was then signified to the Lord Maior and his Company, that the College should be no more molested in the Premisses. Yet in the Year 1696, the like Molestation towards them was attempted again. And now they applyed to the Privy Council again; that by their honourable Favours they might be protected, and that it might stand with their good Pleasures, that it might be signified to the Lord Maior and Bench of Aldermen, that as ever heretofore they had been discharged, so now at this present likewise, they, and the Society of the College of Physicians might be forborn. This was Dated Feb. 4. 1596. Signed, The President and Society of the College of Physicians of London.

Their Privileges infringed by the City.

K. James I. granted the College his Charter, Dated Octob. 8. Ann. Regni 15.

K. James, and K. Charles's, Charters.

And K. Charles II. granted them a Royal Charter, Mar. 26. Anno Regni 15.

This College, according to the Power granted them by these and other their Charters, have called before them, that is, the President, or in his Absence the Vice President and the Censors, the Surgeons, Apothecaries, and other Persons, that have practised Physick without their Allowance; and have sometimes imposed pecuniary Penalties, or Imprisonment upon them. For they may convent any Physician or Practiser before them, and examine them concerning their Skill in the Faculty of Physick. And if they shall not appear to their Summons; or appearing refuse to answer, or to be examined, the College may assess a Penalty or Fine upon them, for every Default of Appearance, or Refusal to answer; the Fine for one Default not exceeding 40s. or if any Administer unwholsome or noysome Medicines, he may be fined according to their Discretions, not exceeding 10l. or Imprisonment, not exceeding 14 Days, unless of Non-payment of fine, when it shall be lawful to detain them in Prison, till it be paid.

Practisers punished by them.

And there have been divers notable Suits commenced, between the College and other unlicensed Practisers of Physick; and some of them, such as have been made Doctors of Physick in the Universities. As by Edmund Gardiner, Dr. Bonham, one Butler, one Huybert, and others. The Pleadings whereof are set down in a Book intitled, The Royal College of Physicians; and an Historical Account of the Colleges Proceedings, &c. set forth by Dr. Charles Goodal, Fellow of the said College, Anno 1684.

Suits between the College and other Practisers.

Upon a Complaint made about the latter End of Q. Elizabeth's Reign, by Jenkins and Read against the College, which had used some Punishment towards them for evil Practice of Physick, and exercising that Art without their License, after a long and careful Hearing on both Parts, Popham, Lord Chief Justice, in the Year 1602, gave his Judgment; the Sum of which was in these Particulars. I. That there was no sufficient License without the College Seal. II. That no Surgeon, as a Surgeon, might practice Physick; no, not for any Disease, tho' it were the great Pox. III. That the Authority of the College was Strong and sufficient to commit to Prison. IV. That the Censure of the College, rising from lesser Mulcts to greater, was equal and reasonable. V. That it were fit to set to Physicians Bills the Day of the Month, and the Patient's Name. VI. That the Lord Chief Justice could not Bail, or Deliver, the Colleges Prisoner, but was obliged by Law to deliver him up to the Colleges Censure.

The Powers and Privileges of the College.

VII. That