Gresham-College. 130


in order to consider of and examine the said Petition, Whether, by the Will of the Founder, the Fact be rightly stated. And did thereupon recommend it to the said Committee to give such Redress in the Premises, as might seem to them just, according to the Tenor, and true Intent and Meaning of the Will.]

The Complainants in the mean while Printed an Account in a Broad Sheet, called, The Case of Gresham-College, relating to the Lectures there: In which they set forth their good Intentions, namely, to encourage Learning, to fulfil the Will of the Dead, and other popular Pleas; and at the same Time inveighed against the Professors, as ungrateful to their great Benefactor, and negligent and slothful in the Discharge of their Duty; and this they fixed up in the most publick Places of the City, and put into the Hands of the Lord Maior, the Aldermen, and of each Member of the Committee.

The Progess thereof.

A. T.

On the 7th of June, the Grand Committee met, to examine into those Complaints, and the Petitioners and Professors all appeared: The Petitioners had their Petition read, which was enlarged upon by a Councellor, whom they had retained for this Purpose: And the Professors were also heard in their own Defence, which was to this Effect, "That they had regularly and duly discharged their Duties in the same Manner, and Order, and Times, as it had been ever executed by any of their Predecessors, from the first Institution, to that very Time: That at their Election, they were by their Instructions, then given them, bound to perform their Duty, according to the Custom and Practice of the Place: That this Custom and Practice had been never to read, but in Term-Times, as they proved from the Accounts given of this Institution by every Author, that from the first Founding these Lectures, till the present Time, had professedly treated of them; all which Authorities they cited, and produced the Books themselves, to justify the Fairness of their Citations: Whereas on the contrary, the Petitioners could give no one Instance, where the Professors ever read out of the Term-Time, or produce any one Author that asserted it to be their Duty. That as to the Word Daily, in the Founder's Will, it was an Academick Word, and to be understood in the Sense the Universities use the Word Weekly, when they speak of such publick Lectures, namely, each Week in the Terms, and not each Week in the Year; and for this they produced the Authority of the University Statutes, as well as Letters from the then Professors in the Universities:" But the Particulars of their Defence, shall be fully inserted in the Appendix * to this Book.

*Vid. 2d Appendix, p. 18? 19, &c.

The Issue of the whole Matter was, that the Committee was divided; some of them understanding the Words of the Will in the Sense of the Petitioners, but more in the Sense of the Professors; conceiving that what had been ever the Practice, ought not on any unreasonable Clamour to be altered. However, to give some Content to the Petitioners, they made an Order, Dated October the 4th, enjoining that the Professors should not only read in the broken Weeks, but begin their Readings some few Days before the Terms, and that they should alter the Hour of Two in the Afternoon, to Three. The Professors complied with this Order so far, as to read in the broken Weeks, and to alter their Hour, but were advised by Council not to read out of the Term-Time, which they therefore refused, and presented to Sir Thomas Rawlinson, the Chairman, their Reasons for such Refusal. The Petitioners were not satisfied with this Order, and therefore desired, both of Sir Thomas Rawlinson, and his Successor, Sir Robert Bedingfield, a Rehearing, but never obtained one: For the Committee being either tired with what had already passed, or rather seeing no reason to alter what had been ever without any Interruption, the Practice and Custom of the Place, and no ways repugnant to the Founder's Will, gave the Petitioners no farther Meetings, to their great Discontent and Disappointment, but to the fair Justification of the then Professors, whose Names were in 1707.

Result of this? Complaint.

Divinity, Dr. Laney.
Civil Law, R. Briggs, A.M.
Astronomy, Dr. Torriano.
Geometry, A. Tooke, A.M.
Rhetorick, E. Martin, A.M.
Physick, Dr. Woodward.
Musick, R. Shippen, A.M.



The College of Physicians. The Usefulness of this College. Their Charter granted by K. Henry VIII. Privileges of this College. Dispensaries set up by them. Their Usefulness. College of HERALDS. Their Use. Their Qualifications. Contentions among them. Divers Remarks concerning the Heralds. Some of them very Learned. Mr. Gybbons, Blewmantle, his Heraldo-Memoriale. An Order from the Lord Bindon, Deputy Marshal.

BEsides this College of Gresham's Founding, where Lectures of all the Arts and Sciences are read; there are also in the City other Colleges, where some particular Parts of Learning and Knowledge are professed. As the College of Physicians, for the Science of Physick; the College of Heralds, for the Study and Profession of Honour, and Blazoning of Coats of Arms, and Knowledge of Pedigrees, and of Noble or Genteel Families: Sion-College, for Divinity. To which we add, Doctors Commons, for the Study, and Practice also, of Civil and Ecclesiastical Laws, and the Laws of Nations.

Other Colleges of Learning.

J. S.



The College, or Corporation of Physicians, by their Charter (since confirmed by Act of Parliament) have certain Privileges granted unto them; by which no Man, tho' a Graduate in Physick in either of the Universities, can, without a License under the Seal of the College, practise Physick within the City, or within Seven Miles Circuit; Neither in any Part of the Kingdom, not having taken some Degree in either of the Universities of the Land.

College of Physicians, and their Privileges.

R. B.

By their Charter, likewise, they can administer an Oath, impose a Fine or Imprisonment on the Offender, in that and some other Respects. They have Authority to search and examine the Drugs and Compositions in any Apothecary's Shop, to see if they are good, and well made up. They can make By-Laws, for their Government. They can purchase Lands or Houses for the Society. They may use a Common Seal, &c. And by their Charter may practise Surgery, if they