|Lectures. Gresham-College. ||125
zen and Writer of the Court Letters of London. The Tryal of both their Skills
Michaelmas Day; wherein Johnson lost the Day in all the three Challenges made by
Bales. In regard of the Second, the said Judges gave their Sentence in these
"We the Judges aforesaid making Tryal of the Parties in their Sufficiency for
Secretary and Clerklike Writing, by dictating unto them both together, one while
English, another while in Latin, did find, that the Challenger performed the
Secretary and Clerklike; for that he had most commonly so first done, written
without Lines, with truest Orthography and best Writing in the most usual Hands:
for that the Defendant himself confessed, that he for the most part wanted the
Tongue, and was no Clerk. Therefore we likewise adjudged the Superiority of
second Tryal clearly to the said Challenger."
And so upon Examination of the
Scholars of the Challenger, they gave their Judgment that the had the
But this Matter gave Johnson great Disgust; who set forth in Print slanderous
and dispers'd them in the City in great Numbers for Ten Days together, both
Peter Bales, and the Judges aforesaid. To which he wrote an Answer, whether
I cannot tell; the MS. I have seen.]
Of later Time, in the Year of Christ 1582, there was founded a Publick Lecture
Chirurgery, to be read in the College of Physicians in Knightridersstreet; and
in the Year 1584, on the Sixth of May; and so to be continued for ever Twice in
Week, on Wednesday and Friday, by the honourable Baron, John Lord Lomley, and
the Learned Richard Caldwell, Doctor in Physick; the Reader whereof to be
Forster, Doctor of Physick, during his Life.
Lecture in Chirurgery.
Furthermore, about the same Time, there was also begun a Mathematical Lecture,
read in a fair old Chapel, Builded by Simon Eayre, within the Leadenhall,
learned Citizen born, named Thomas Hood, was the first Reader. But this Chapel,
other Parts of that Hall, being employed for Stowage of Goods, taken out of a
Spanish Caract, the said Lecture ceased any more to be read, and was then in the
1588. read in the House of Master Thomas Smith in Grassstreet, &c.
Tho. Hood, Reader.
Thic Lecture briefly touched by Stow, deserveth to be more plainly declared;
Intent of it tended so much to the Education of the Citizens of London, in the
Arms, in case of Danger (threatned them by the Spaniard in these Days) to be
defend themselves, and their City, and Liberty. For the Scheme that was laid
only to read Mathematicks, but other necessary Matters for Warlike Service both
Land and Sea, and for the better breeding up of Captains in the Art Military;
then wanted. This Practice was so well allowed, that when Hood had applyed
to the Privy Council, and laid open his Lecture to them, they very much espoused
and allowed and ratified under their Hands certain Articles for the better
this Business, recommending withal both them and Hood to the Lord Maior, for the
Settlement of a Salary upon him.
This Lecture was for the Instruction of the City in the Art Military.
The Sum of these Articles were, That Forty Captains should be appointed and
continued; and when any of them should die, or be found unfit or unwilling,
should be chosen in their Rooms by the said Captains. That out of this Number,
Thirteen of the Gravest and Discreetest should be chosen, who should bear the
Governor, and twelve Assistants. That there should be chosen Two Hundred and
Men out of the several Wards; namely, out of each Captains Charge Six. And they
be made more fit to take upon them the Place of Captains, Lieutenants, and other
Officers. All which should be trained and taught by the said Captains Monthly,
at the least in the Artillery Garden, or elsewhere near the City of London. The
Governor to have Authority to call together his Twelve Assistants, for the
and setting down Orders and Rules, for the good Government of the whole Company.
That if any of the said Assistants should fail to come at the appointed Time, he
pay for his Absence each Time 5s. without lawful Excuse. But the Rules and
agreed upon and set down, should be put in Execution before they had acquainted
Lord Maior with them, and obtained his Consent. Each Captain to make choice of
Lieutenants, and other Officers, within the Ward, where his Charge lay. All
be Freemen of the City, and of honest Reputation, and to be allowed of by the
Governor, and Assistants, or the greater Number. That if any of the Forty
absent from the Training Place upon the usual Day, he should pay for each Times
Absence 5s. and every other of the said Number of 240, that should be absent, or
Furniture, to pay 2s. 6d. Lastly, the reading of the Mathematical Lecture and
other necessary Matters, and the abovesaid Training, to be continued for two
from Michaelmas, and so much longer as the Lord Maior and City would give the
Allowance that was at present granted, or more. This was signed by Sir
Hatton, Lord Chancellor; Burghley, Lord Treasurer; C. Howard, Lord Admiral; Sir
Francis Walsingham, Secretary; Sir James Croft, a Warlike Man, and an old
and divers others. The Salary depended upon the Promise of the Maior and City.
Thing was very taking both by the Queen's Council, who judged it to be
and by the City which earnestly requested it.
The Articles of the Lecture.
But this Lecture is now long since extinct, and almost the Memory of it.]
Last of all, Sir Thomas Gresham, Knt. a Merchant of London, Agent to the Queen's
Highness, and a Citizen of the Company of Mercers, by his last Will and
made in the Year 1575, gave the Royal Exchange, and all the Buildings thereunto
appertaining, that is to say, the one Moiety to the Maior and Commonalty of
and their Successors, upon Trust that they perform, as shall be declared; and
Moiety to the Mercers, in like Confidence. The Maior and Commonalty, to find
read Lectures of Divinity, Astronomy, Musick, and Geometry, within his Dwelling
House in Bishopsgatestreet, and to bestow the Sum of 200l. to wit, 50l. a Piece,
The Mercers likewise, to find three Readers, that is, in Civil Law, Physick, and
Rhetorick, within the same Dwelling House; and to bestow the Sum of 150l. that
every Reader 50l.
Sir Tho. Gresham's College in London.
Four Readers to be found by the Maior and Commonalty.
Three Readers by the Mercers.
These Salaries, and other Requests of Sir Thomas Gresham, amounting in all to
odd Money, are payable out of the Rents of the Exchange, and other Rents of
belonging thereto. But the excessive Charges in rebuilding the Exchange, by a
which was shewn to, and liked by K. Charles II. (which some which know, say,
not less than 80000l.) hath put the Company in Debt, and somewhat postponed the
Payment of the Salaries.
There is a Grand Committee, for the Government and Management of the Affairs of
Gresham College, and the Exchange, consisting of Four Aldermen, whereof the
is always to be one;
Committee for Gresham College.