Lectures. Gresham-College. 125

Lectures. Gresham-College.

zen and Writer of the Court Letters of London. The Tryal of both their Skills was on Michaelmas Day; wherein Johnson lost the Day in all the three Challenges made by Bales. In regard of the Second, the said Judges gave their Sentence in these Words; "We the Judges aforesaid making Tryal of the Parties in their Sufficiency for Secretary and Clerklike Writing, by dictating unto them both together, one while in English, another while in Latin, did find, that the Challenger performed the same most Secretary and Clerklike; for that he had most commonly so first done, written straitest without Lines, with truest Orthography and best Writing in the most usual Hands: And for that the Defendant himself confessed, that he for the most part wanted the Latin Tongue, and was no Clerk. Therefore we likewise adjudged the Superiority of their second Tryal clearly to the said Challenger." And so upon Examination of the Scholars of the Challenger, they gave their Judgment that the had the Pre-eminency.

But this Matter gave Johnson great Disgust; who set forth in Print slanderous Libels, and dispers'd them in the City in great Numbers for Ten Days together, both against Peter Bales, and the Judges aforesaid. To which he wrote an Answer, whether Printed I cannot tell; the MS. I have seen.]

Of later Time, in the Year of Christ 1582, there was founded a Publick Lecture in Chirurgery, to be read in the College of Physicians in Knightridersstreet; and to begin in the Year 1584, on the Sixth of May; and so to be continued for ever Twice in every Week, on Wednesday and Friday, by the honourable Baron, John Lord Lomley, and the Learned Richard Caldwell, Doctor in Physick; the Reader whereof to be Richard Forster, Doctor of Physick, during his Life.

Lecture in Chirurgery.

Furthermore, about the same Time, there was also begun a Mathematical Lecture, to be read in a fair old Chapel, Builded by Simon Eayre, within the Leadenhall, whereof a learned Citizen born, named Thomas Hood, was the first Reader. But this Chapel, and other Parts of that Hall, being employed for Stowage of Goods, taken out of a great Spanish Caract, the said Lecture ceased any more to be read, and was then in the Year 1588. read in the House of Master Thomas Smith in Grassstreet, &c.

Mathematical Lecture.

Tho. Hood, Reader.

Thic Lecture briefly touched by Stow, deserveth to be more plainly declared; since the Intent of it tended so much to the Education of the Citizens of London, in the Skill of Arms, in case of Danger (threatned them by the Spaniard in these Days) to be able to defend themselves, and their City, and Liberty. For the Scheme that was laid was not only to read Mathematicks, but other necessary Matters for Warlike Service both by Land and Sea, and for the better breeding up of Captains in the Art Military; which were then wanted. This Practice was so well allowed, that when Hood had applyed himself to the Privy Council, and laid open his Lecture to them, they very much espoused it, and allowed and ratified under their Hands certain Articles for the better Managery of this Business, recommending withal both them and Hood to the Lord Maior, for the Settlement of a Salary upon him.

This Lecture was for the Instruction of the City in the Art Military.

J. S.

The Sum of these Articles were, That Forty Captains should be appointed and continued; and when any of them should die, or be found unfit or unwilling, other should be chosen in their Rooms by the said Captains. That out of this Number, Thirteen of the Gravest and Discreetest should be chosen, who should bear the Name of Governor, and twelve Assistants. That there should be chosen Two Hundred and Forty able Men out of the several Wards; namely, out of each Captains Charge Six. And they to be made more fit to take upon them the Place of Captains, Lieutenants, and other Officers. All which should be trained and taught by the said Captains Monthly, Twice at the least in the Artillery Garden, or elsewhere near the City of London. The Governor to have Authority to call together his Twelve Assistants, for the determining and setting down Orders and Rules, for the good Government of the whole Company. That if any of the said Assistants should fail to come at the appointed Time, he should pay for his Absence each Time 5s. without lawful Excuse. But the Rules and Orders so agreed upon and set down, should be put in Execution before they had acquainted the Lord Maior with them, and obtained his Consent. Each Captain to make choice of his Lieutenants, and other Officers, within the Ward, where his Charge lay. All Officers to be Freemen of the City, and of honest Reputation, and to be allowed of by the Governor, and Assistants, or the greater Number. That if any of the Forty Captains be absent from the Training Place upon the usual Day, he should pay for each Times Absence 5s. and every other of the said Number of 240, that should be absent, or want Furniture, to pay 2s. 6d. Lastly, the reading of the Mathematical Lecture and of the other necessary Matters, and the abovesaid Training, to be continued for two Years from Michaelmas, and so much longer as the Lord Maior and City would give the same Allowance that was at present granted, or more. This was signed by Sir Christopher Hatton, Lord Chancellor; Burghley, Lord Treasurer; C. Howard, Lord Admiral; Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary; Sir James Croft, a Warlike Man, and an old Courtier, and divers others. The Salary depended upon the Promise of the Maior and City. The Thing was very taking both by the Queen's Council, who judged it to be convenient, and by the City which earnestly requested it.

The Articles of the Lecture.

But this Lecture is now long since extinct, and almost the Memory of it.]

Last of all, Sir Thomas Gresham, Knt. a Merchant of London, Agent to the Queen's Highness, and a Citizen of the Company of Mercers, by his last Will and Testament made in the Year 1575, gave the Royal Exchange, and all the Buildings thereunto appertaining, that is to say, the one Moiety to the Maior and Commonalty of London, and their Successors, upon Trust that they perform, as shall be declared; and the other Moiety to the Mercers, in like Confidence. The Maior and Commonalty, to find Four to read Lectures of Divinity, Astronomy, Musick, and Geometry, within his Dwelling House in Bishopsgatestreet, and to bestow the Sum of 200l. to wit, 50l. a Piece, &c. The Mercers likewise, to find three Readers, that is, in Civil Law, Physick, and Rhetorick, within the same Dwelling House; and to bestow the Sum of 150l. that is, to every Reader 50l.

Sir Tho. Gresham's College in London.

Four Readers to be found by the Maior and Commonalty.

Three Readers by the Mercers.

These Salaries, and other Requests of Sir Thomas Gresham, amounting in all to 603l. odd Money, are payable out of the Rents of the Exchange, and other Rents of Houses belonging thereto. But the excessive Charges in rebuilding the Exchange, by a Model which was shewn to, and liked by K. Charles II. (which some which know, say, cost not less than 80000l.) hath put the Company in Debt, and somewhat postponed the Payment of the Salaries.


There is a Grand Committee, for the Government and Management of the Affairs of Gresham College, and the Exchange, consisting of Four Aldermen, whereof the Maior is always to be one;

Committee for Gresham College.