|Schools, and Houses of Learning. ||124
But touching Schools more lately advanced in this City, I read, That King
Fifth, having suppressed the Priories Aliens, whereof some were about London;
namely, One Hospital called Our Lady of Rouncival, by Charing-Cross; one other
Hospital in Oldborn; one other without Creplegate, and the Fourth without
besides other that are now worn out of Memory, and whereof there is no Monument
remaining, more than Rouncival, (converted to a Brotherhood) which continued
Reign of Henry the Eighth, or Edward the Sixth. This, I say, and other of their
Schools being broken up and ceased; King Henry the Sixth, in the 24th Year of
Reign, by Patent appointed, That there should be in London Grammar Schools,
St. Paul's, at St. Martin's Le Grand, St. Mary Le Bow in Cheap, St. Dunstan's in
West, and St. Anthony's. And in the next Year, to wit, 1394, the said King
by Parliament, That Four other Grammar Schools should be erected; to wit, in the
Parishes of St. Andrew in Oldborn, Alhallows the Great in Thamesstreet, St.
upon Cornhill, and in the Hospital of St. Thomas of Acons in West Cheap. Since
which Time, as divers Schools, by Suppressing of Religious Houses (whereof they
were Members in the Reign of Henry the Eighth) have been decayed; so again have
some others been newly erected and founded for them. As namely, Paul's School,
place of an old ruined House, was builded in most ample manner, and largely
in the Year 1512, by John Collet, Doctor of Divinity, and Dean of Paul's, for
Mens Children; for which there was ordained a Master, Surmaster (or Usher) and a
Henry VI. appointed Grammar Schools.
Grammar Schools appointed by Parliament.
Paul's School new builded.
Again, in the Year 1553, after the Erection of Christ's Hospital, (in the late
House of the Grey Friars) a great Number of poor Children being taken in, a
was ordained there at the Citizens Charges.
Free School in Christ's Hospital.
Also in the Year 1561, the Merchant-Taylors of London founded one notable Free
Grammar-School, in the Parish of St. Lawrence Pountney, by Candlewick-Street;
Richard Hills, late Master of that Company, having given 500l. towards the
of an House called the Manor of the Rose, sometime the Duke of Buckingham's.
Free School founded by the Merchant Taylors.
Of these Schools, more will be spoken in a proper Chapter.]
As for the Meeting of Schoolmasters on Festival Days, at Festival Churches, and
Disputing of their Scholars Logically, &c. (whereof I have before spoken)
was long since discontinued. But the Arguing of the School-boys about the
of Grammar, hath been continued even till our Time: For I my self, in my Youth,
yearly seen (on the Eve of St. Bartholomew the Apostle) the Scholars of divers
Grammar-Schools repair unto the Churchyard of St. Bartholomew, the Priory in
Smithfield, where (upon a Bank boarded about under a Tree) some one Scholar hath
stepped up, and there hath opposed and answered, till he were by some better
overcome and put down: And then the Overcomer taking the Place, did like as the
and in the end, the best Opposers and Answerers had Rewards; which I observed
But it made both good Schoolmasters, and also good Scholars, (diligently against
Times) to prepare themselves for the obtaining of this Garland.
The Schoolboys disputed.
Scholars disputed in St. Bartholomew's Churchyard.
I remember, there repaired to these Exercises (amongst others) the Masters and
Scholars of the Free Schools of St. Paul's in London, of St. Peter's at
St. Thomas Acons Hospital, and of St. Anthony's Hospital; whereof the last na-
med commonly presented the best Scholars, and had the Prize in those Days.
This Priory of St. Bartholomew being surrendred to Henry the Eighth, those
Disputations of Scholars in that Place surceased, and was again (only for a Year
twain) in the Reign of Edward the Sixth, revived in the Cloister of Christ's
where the best Scholars (then still of St. Anthony's School, howsoever the same
now fallen, both in Number and Estimation) were rewarded with Bows and Arrows of
Silver, given to them by Sir Martin Bowes, Goldsmith.
Disputation of Scholars in Christ's Hopsital.
Nevertheless, howsoever the Encouragement failed, the Scholars of Paul's meeting
with them of St. Anthony's, would call them St. Anthony's Pigs; and they again
call the other, Pigeons of Paul's; because many Pigeons were bred in Paul's
and St. Anthony was always figured with a Pig following him: And mindful of the
former Usage, did for a long Season (disorderly in the open Street) provoke one
another with, Salve: Salve tu quoque. Placet tibi mecum disputare? Placet.
proceeding from this to Questions in Grammar, they usually fell from Words to
with their Satchels full of Books, many times in so great Heaps, that they
Streets and Passengers; so that finally they were restrained, with the Decay of
Pigeons of Paul's.
Out of this School have sprung divers famous Persons. Whereof altho' Time hath
buried the Names of many, yet in mine own Remembrance may be numbred these
following; Viz. Sir Thomas Moore, Knight, Lord Chancellor of England: Dr.
Heath, sometime Bishop of Rochester, after of Worcester, and lastly, Archbishop
York, and Lord Chancellor of England: Dr. John Whitgift, Bishop of Worcester,
after Archbishop of Canterbury, &c.
Persons of Note educated in S. Antony's School.
Let me add the Mention of a famous Combat of the Pen, Anno 1591, between Peter
Bales and Daniel Johnson, both Masters in Writing, and both Teachers of Writing-
Schools in London. Bales, who was Servant to Sir John Puckering, Knight, Lord
Keeper of the Great Seal of England, (and whose School was in Blackfriars) made
General Challenge against all Englishmen and Strangers, without Exception; 1.
best and fairest Writing of all kinds of Hands usual.: 2. For Secretary, and
Writing: And, 3. For the best Teaching. And the Reward to him that excelled
to be a Pen of Gold of 20l. And if any accepted Peter Bales's Challenge, he
him to repair to the Old Baily, where he dwelt; and to lay down 10l. in ready
to put in sufficient Sureties by Bond for the said Sum, for to be delivered to a
Goldsmith, together with Bales's 10l. to be put into a Pen of Gold.
A Challenge to write for the Golden Pen.
The Original Cause of this Challenge was this. The abovesaid Johnson had for an
whole Year set up a Challenge in these Words: If any shall take Exception to
Writing and Teaching; such I Challenge, to Write and Teach with them for the
Pen, or whatsoever shall rest in my Ability. By this Boast, Bales, who lived
was prejudiced in his School, and Johnson got most Scholars. Whereupon at
Bales thinking as good of himself, and to bring his School in Reputation, set up
Challenge as aforesaid. And Johnson, within an Hour after, very arrogantly
thereof; and that in most despiteful and disgraceful manner. So Persons were
as indifferent Judges between both; viz. William Seager, alias Somerset, Herald
Arms, Anthony Dew and John Guilliams, Gentlemen, Clerks of the Office of the
Bag; George Chapman, Gent. and William Pank, Citi-