TOWER of London. Regalia. 117

TOWER of London. Regalia.

Secondly, The Crown of State, so called because it is worn by the King or Queen, at such Times as they come in State to the Parliament House. This was also new made at the Coronation of King Charles II. It is exceeding rich, being embellished with divers large Rose, or Faucet, or Table Diamonds, and other Stones; but most remarkable for a wonderful large Ruby, set in the Middle of one of the four Crosses, esteemed worth 10000l. As also for that the Mound is one entire Stone of a Sea-water Green Colour, known by the Name of the Agmarine. This Crown was taken to pieces, being too weighty for the Queen, and made fit for her; as Mr. Edwards told me; and she then wore it, when she went to the Parliament.

The Crown of State.

Thirdly, The Queen's Circlet of Gold. Queen Mary, Consort of the late King James, wore it in her Proceeding to her Coronation. It is a Rim or Circlet of Gold, very richly adorned with large Diamonds curiously set, with a String of Pearl round the upper Edge thereof. The Cap of Purple Velvet, lined with white Taffata, and turned up with Ermin richly powdered.

Fourthly, The Queen's Crown, wherewith the Queens are crowned; being a very Rich Imperial Crown of Gold, set with Diamonds of great Value, intermix'd with a few precious Stones of other kinds, and some Pearl. The Cap of Purple Velvet, lined with rich white Taffety, turned up with Ermin, or Minever pure, richly powdered.

The Queen's Crown.

Fifthly, The Queen's Rich Crown, which is worn in her Return to Westminster-Hall, [after the Coronation Ceremony ended.] It is of Gold, but so richly embellished with Diamonds and Pearl, that little or none of the Gold appeareth. It is an Imperial Crown, composed of Crosses and Flowers de Liz, with Arches and a Mound, as the other Crowns.

Another Crown.

The Orb, Mound or Globe, which is put into the King's right Hand immediately before his being crowned; born in his left Hand upon his Return into Westminster Hall. It is a Ball of Gold of six Inches Diameter, encompassed with a Band or Fillet of Gold, embellished with Roses of Diamonds, encircling other precious Stones, and edged about with Pearl. On the Top whereof is a very large Amethyst, of a Violet or Purple Colour, near an Inch and half in Height, of an Oval Form: Which being encompassed with Four Silver Wires, becometh the Foot or Pedestal of a very rich Cross of Gold, of three Inches and a quarter in Height, and three Inches in Breadth, set very thick with Diamonds; having in the Middle thereof a fair Saphire on one side, and a fair Emerald on the other; and embellished with four large Pearls in the Angles of the Cross near his Centre, and three large Pearls at the End of the said Cross. The whole Height of the Orb and Cross being eleven Inches.

The Orb, or Mound.



First, S. Edward's Staff, in Length four Foot, seven Inches and an half, is a Staff or Sceptre of Gold, with a Pike or Foot of Steel, about four Inches and a quarter in Length; and a Mound and Cross at the Top. The Garnishings are also of Gold; and the Diameter is about three quarters of an Inch.


The King's Sceptre, with the Dove, is a Sceptre of Gold, in Length three Foot seven Inches, and three Inches in Circumference at the Handle, and two Inches and a quarter about the Top. The Pomel garnished with a Circle or Fillet of Table Diamonds, and in several places with precious Stones of all Sorts: And the Mound at the Top embellished with a Band or Fillet of Rose Diamonds. Upon the Mound is a small Jerusalem Cross, whereon is fixed a Dove, with Wings expanded, as the Emblem of Mercy.

The King's Sceptre with the Cross, or Sceptre Royal, likewise of Gold. The Handle plain, and the upper Part wreathed. In Length two Foot, nine Inches, and a quarter, and of the same Thickness as the former. The Pomel at the Bottom enriched with Rubies and Emeralds, and small Diamonds. The Top riseth into a Flower de Liz with six Leaves, whereof three are upright, and the other three hanging down; all enriched with precious Stones. Out of the same Flower de Liz issueth a Mound, made of an Amethyst, garnished with Table Diamonds; and upon the Mound, a Cross wholly covered with precious Stones, with a large Table Diamond in the Centre.

The Queen's Sceptre with the Cross, also of Gold, adorned with Diamonds and other precious Stones; in Length two Foot ten Inches; with a Mound and Cross at the Top, issuing out of a Flower de Liz: Very like the King's in all the Embellishments thereof; only smaller, and not wreathed, nor altogether so thick.

The Queen's Ivory Rod, is a Rod or Sceptre of white Ivory; in Length, three Foot, one Inch and half; whereof the Pomel and Garniture is Gold, as is also the Mound and Cross at the Top: Only the Dove at the Top of the Cross is ennamelled with white: The Circumference at the Bottom about two Inches, and at the Top about an Inch and an half.

The Ivory Rod.



The King's Coronation Ring, is a plain Gold Ring, with a large Table Ruby Violet; wherein a plain Cross, or Cross of S. George is curiously enchased.


The King's Coronation Ring likewise of Gold, with a large Table Ruby set therein, and Sixteen other small Rubies round about the Ring; whereof those next to the Collet are the largest, the rest diminishing proportionably.

The other Regalia, as the open Pall, the Supertunica of Cloth of Gold, the Surcoat of Crimson Sattin, the Colobium Syndonis, the Armilla, the Buskins, Sandals, K. Edward's Chair, &c. are kept at Westminster-Abby.

Other Regalia.

There was a Time when the Tower was not thought a Place safe enough for this Treasure: But whatever the Reason was, (whether the King's Wars here at home) Henry III. sent (if not all) a great many of them into France. What they were, and to whom sent, and by whom, and where laid up, a Tower Record will relate.

Some of these Jewels carried to France, to be kept.

Anno 46. Henry III. William de Latymer, and Mr. Henry de Gandavo, with others, brought the King's Jewels to Margaret Queen of France, in Two Coffers: And she laid them up in the Temple at Paris, under her Seal. The Keys, the said Latymer and Henry, the King's Messengers, brought back with them. They are named, viz. One Great Crown. One Firmaculum cum Rubectis, [Buckle with Rubies.] One Ring with a Ruby. Three Gold Crowns. Unum Capellum Imperatorium. Quatuor Ferra. Unum Alphabetum. Three Gold Pectina, [Combs.] Fifty two Fir-

FÅ“dera, Convention. &c. p. 261.