TOWER of London. Accidents. 81

TOWER of London. Accidents.

fair good Brick Houses erected; the one is the Surveyor's House; the other the Storekeeper's.

But the noblest and most magnificent Structure of all is the new Armoury, that was begun in K. James the Second his Reign, and finished in K. William's. Wherein are Arms laid up in a most surprizing, Artificial Order and Beauty to Admiration, by one Mr. Harris. In this Armoury, they say, are Arms sufficient to Arm out 60000 Men. As to the Building it self, it is situate North of the White Tower, and runs out in Length about Sixscore and Ten Yards, in Depth about Twenty, more or less. It hath a graceful Walk before it Paved with Freestone the whole Length, and Planted with Lime Trees, without the Paved Walk. In the midst of the Building, a comely Front with large Pillars of Stone on each side the Gate, two, of the Dorick Order. Under the Pediment is the King's Coat of Arms largely cut in Stone, with the Supporters the Lion and Unicorn, curiously engraven.

The Armoury.

On the Southside of Cæsar's Chapel, a Foundation is now laying for large Store Houses; where, in Digging the Workmen meet with old Foundations of above three Yards in Breadth; which obstructing their present Work, I saw them forcing up with Beetle and Wedges with the utmost Violence. It is said to have been the Foundation of some ancient Tower standing there.

New Store Houses.

Mr. Serjeant, the Gentleman Porter, hath had it in his Mind some Years to procure several Maps of the Tower to be Engraven and Printed; which would be a noble Illustration of this Place. As I. The Elevation of the Tower; that is, as it was in Q. Elizabeth's Time. Such a Draught he hath by him. II. The Plan as it was An. 1679, when there was a Bowling Green, a Garden, and other Buildings, where now the fair Armoury standeth. This was taken and described by J. Philipps. The said Mr. Sergeant hath this also in a Table. III. Another Cut of it as it was An. 1703. which also I think he hath got done. IV. The new Armoury. V. The Inside of Julius Cæsar's Chapel; which he hath also got drawn out. VI. The Monument describing the Gunpowder Plot, and the Figure of K. James I. which is yet in the Lieutenant's Lodgings. VII. The old Altar Monument in the Church in the Tower. Where are the Figures of Cholmondeley, (sometime Lieutenant of the Tower in the Time of K. Henry VII.) and his Wives. He is in Armour, and hath a Collar gilded (which seems to be a Collar of SS.) about his Neck, and a Rose hanging before. And upon the Edges of the Stone the Figure lies upon are these Words; Jacent Corpora Richardi Cholmondeley, Militis, & Domire Elisabethe Conjugis sue. Qui - Quarum aiabus - - deus proprietur. Amen.

Maps designed for the Tower.

This Tomb stood formerly in the Middle of the Church.]



The various Accidents, Occurrences, and Passages of Remark, that have happened in or concerning the Tower . Antient Coins , Wat. Tyler's Rebellion . Commitments hither. Executions . A Commission to view the State of the Tower . The Crown and Globe stollen . A full Declaration of the Manner of it .

THUS much for the Foundation and Building, Increase and Maintenance, and the late Additions, useful and ornamental, of this Tower. Now somewhat of Accidents in the same, or historical Occurrences relating to it.

In the Year 1196, William Fitz Osbert, a Citizen of London, seditiously moving the common People to seek Liberty, and not to be subject to the rich and more mighty, at length was taken and brought before the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Tower, where he was by the Judges condemned, had Judgment, and was by the Heels drawn thence to the Elms in Smithfield, and there hanged.

Actions of the Tower. Fitz Osbert.

Justices sat in the Tower.

1214. King John wrote unto Geffrey Magnaville, to deliver the Tower of London, with the Prisoners, Armour, and all other Things found therein, (belonging to the King) to William, Archdeacon of Huntington.

Patent the 15. of King John.

The Year 1216, the first of Henry the Third, the said Tower was delivered to Lewes of France, and the Barons of England.

Mat. Paris.

In the Year 1206, all the Pleas belonging to the Crown were holden in the Tower. Likewise in the Year 1220, and likewise in the Year 1224, and again in the Year 1243, before William of Yorke, Richard Passelew, Henry Brahe, Jerome of Saxton, Justicers.

Pleas of the Crown pleaded in the Tower.

In the Year 1222, the Citizens of London, having made a Tumult against the Abbot of Westminster; Hubert of Burgh, Chief Justice of England, came to the Tower of London, and called before him the Maior and Aldermen, of whom he enquired for the principal Authors of that Sedition; amongst whom, one named Constantine Fitz Aelulfe avowed that he was the Man, and had done much less than he thought to have done. Whereupon, the Justice sent him (with two others) to Falks de Brent, who with Armed Men brought him to the Gallows, and there hanged him, and the other twain.

Mat. Paris.


Constantine Fitz Aelulfe hang'd.

In the Year 1244, Griffith the Eldest Son of Leoline, Prince of Wales, being kept Prisoner in the Tower, devised Means of Escape; and having (in the Night) made of the Hangings, Sheets, Towels and Table Cloths, a long Line, he put himself down from the Top of the Tower. But in the sliding, the Weight of his Body (being a very big and a fat Man) brake the Rope, and he fell and brake his Neck withal; whose miserable Carkass being found in the Morning by the Tower Wall, was a most pitiful Sight to the Beholders. For his Head and Neck were driven into his Breast between both the Shoulders. The King hearing thereof punished the Watchmen, and caused Griffith's Son, that was imprisoned with his Father, to be more straitly kept.

Griffith of Wales fell from the Tower.

Stowe's Summary.

In the Year 1253, King Henry the Third imprisoned the Sheriffs of London in the Tower more than a Month, for the escape of a Prisoner out of Newgate.

Sheriffs of London Prisoners in the Tower.

In the Year 1260, King Henry with his Queen (for fear of the Barons) were lodged in this Tower. The next Year he sent for his Lords, and held his Parliament there.

K. Henry lodged in the Tower, and held his Parliament there.

In the Year 1263, when the Queen would have removed from the Tower by Water, towards Windsor, sundry Londoners got them together to the Bridge, under the which she was to pass, and not only cryed out upon her with reproachful Words, but also threw Mire and Stones at her, by which she was constrained to return for the time.

Citizens of London, despited the Queen, Wife to Hen. 3.