Towns seated on the THAMES. 43

Towns seated on the THAMES.

Tuns, and 1492 Tuns, besides Guns, Tackle, &c.

She hath Six Anchors; whereof the biggest weighs 6000 lib. and the least 4300 lib. She hath Fourteen Cables; whereof the greatest is 666 Inches Diameter, and 21 Inches in Compass, and weighs 9000 lib. Her least Cable being 254 Inches Diameter, and 8 Inches in Circumference, and weighs near 1300 lib.

Unto her belonged Eighteen Masts and Yards; whereof the Main Mast is 113 Foot long, and 33 Inches Diameter; her Main Yard 105 Foot long, and 23 Inches Diameter, and her Main Top 15 Foot Diameter.

She carried Ten several Sorts of Sails, of several Names; of which her greatest is her Main Course, together with her Bonnet, which contains 1640 Yards of Canvas; and her Fore-Top Gallant Sail contains 130 Yards. One compleat Set or Suit of Sails belonging to her, will cost 404l. Sterling.

The Weight of the Sea Store, Tackle and Cordage, is 60 Tons, 800 and odd Pounds.

She carries a Long Boat of 50 Foot; a Pinnace of 36 Foot, and a Skiff of 27 Foot long.

The Weight of her Rigging, 33 Tons.

She carried Three Tire of Guns, all of Brass; whereof there are 44 in her Upper Tire, 34 in her Second, and 22 in her Lower Tire; in all 100 Guns.

Her Compliment of Mariners, Soldiers and Officers, was 850 Men.

Her whole Charges for Wages, Diet Ammunition, with Wear and Tear, for every Month she is at Sea, costs the King 3500l. As hath been computed by experienced Accomptants in Maritime Affairs.

This Royal Ship was curiously carved, and gilt with Gold; so that when she was in the Engagement against the Dutch, they gave her the Name of the Golden Devil; her Guns being whole Cannon, making such Havock and Slaughter amongst them.

11. Over against Woolwich, in Essex side, is HAM CREEK.

Ham Creek.

And about Two Miles more Westwards, is the River Lee, which parts the County of Essex from Middlesex.

Next is the ISLE of DOGS; being a low Marshy Ground, so called, as is reported, for that a Waterman carried a Man into this Marsh, and there murthered him. The Man having a Dog with him, he would not leave his Master; but Hunger forced him many times to swim over the Thames to Greenwich; which the Watermen who plied at the Bridge observing, followed the Dog over; and by that means the murthered Man was discovered. Soon after the Dog swimming over to Greenwich Bridge, where there was a Waterman seated, at him the Dog snarled, and would not be beat off; which the other Watermen perceiving, (and knowing of the Murther) apprehended this strange Waterman; who confessed the Fact, and was condemned and executed.

Isle of Dogs.

12. Over against the Isle of Dogs, is GREENWICH; a large and pleasant Town, seated on the Banks of the River Thames; being well inhabited, and frequented by Gentry, and Citizens of the first Rank, and graced with a once stately Palace of the King, (being of good Antiquity) whose Foundations were first laid by Humphry Duke of Glocester, and enlarged and beautified by several succeeding Kings. Out of the Ruins of this Structure, King Charles the IId. after his Happy Restauration, began to rebuild it, and proceeded to one End of a stately Pile of Build- ing, all of Free Stone; but for some Reasons discontinued it. And now his late Majesty K. William hath given it for an Hospital for poor, and ancient, and maimed Seamen, that had served in the Royal Fleet. And there is (and according to all Probability will be) a good Revenue settled thereon, for the Support thereof; and Governors are chosen, for the looking after the same. An Account whereof will be given afterwards.


Adjoining to this Palace, is a small but pleasant Park; and upon a Hill, about Half a Mile from the House, is a fair Lodge House, which affords a delectable Prospect.

In this House, there was a Part allotted by King Charles the Second, for Mr. Flamstead, for his making his Calestial Observations of the Planets, &c. in order to further Knowledge and Improvement of Astronomy; having a good Stipend settled on him, and being accommodated with Telescopes of the largest and best Contrivance, as also with other Mathematical Instruments, fit for such Use; and having also a deep Well, to make his Observations in. [Which are very large, and printed by his Order in Folio; but by him not yet thought fit to be published. And tho' he be now of a very great Age, is still making his Observations. The Salary he hath, and doth yearly receive, is 200l.per Annum, as is said.]

J. S.

13. DEPTFORD, the Upper and the Lower; which taken together, is very large: The Upper being much the better, both for Buildings, and Inhabitants; and is the more resorted unto, by reason of his Majesty's Dock and Storehouses, for the Building and Equipping of the Ships of the Navy Royal. Here is also another Yard, for the Building of Ships for Merchants. And this Town parts the Two Counties of Kent and Surrey: So that now we come to the Shores of Middlesex and Surrey. On the North side of which Shores, are the Cities of London and Westminster; and on the South, the Borough of Southwark: Which Places must be treated of in a larger manner, in the Progress of this Work.


14. But before we come to London, we meet with BLACKWALL, on Middlesex side; where there is a very spacious Dock and Yard, for the Buiiding and Equipping of Ships, belonging to Sir Henry Johnson, whose Dwelling was there.


15. LIMEHOUSE, a very populous Place, with fair Buildings next the River, which are inhabited by Mariners, and those whose Dependance is on the Sea. [And therefore here is One of the Fifty New Churches erected.]


On the other Side, (viz. that of Surrey) is Rotherhith.

Near to this Place is Cuckolds Point; where there is a large Pair of Horns fixed upon a Pole. I know not the Fancy for it.

Cuckolds Point.

Thus having given you a View of such remarkable Places on the East side of London Bridge, I now come to speak of those on the West side. And then the first Place that cometh to our View, is,

16. The NEATHOUSES; being a Parcel of Houses taken up by Gardiners for planting of Asparagus, Melons, Cucumbers, Artichokes, &c. which find good Vent at London, and for which they are of Note.

The Neat Houses.

17. CHELSEA COLLEGE, a large and stately Structure, with curious Gardens; being made use of for an Hospital for maimed and ancient Soldiers. I could wish that such a Fine

Chelsea College.