Waters serving this City. Thames Water, &c.27

Waters serving this City. Thames Water, &c.

the River of Uxbridge, to the said North side of London. And that by a Geometrical Instrument, he propounded this Invention in Writing to the Lord Burghley: Whom he told in his Paper, that he moved this, not by Skill of Art or Learning, which he did not profess; but only by an assured and infallibly grounded Consideration, taken by the Difference of the Heighth of the said Uxbridge River at the Place or Head appointed, and the River of Thames right below the same toward Lalam. Which was, he said, to be compared to the Difference between the upper End of Holborn; which was a Point of the New Water, and Thames right against it below the Strand. Which Thing rightly noted, did shew the easy Possibility, and sufficient Current to that Place with discreet Leading. For that the Country lay well for that Purpose: Yet very dark, and seeming hard to all, that took not with them the Consideration aforesaid. "So, added he, it hath pleased God to bestow this Blessing, and to appoint me an Instrument in a Time best pleasing unto his Will: Shewing, that in all Ages, neither Power, Wisdom, Learning or Strength, can perform an Act, until the appointed Time, and the Instrument to effect it."

This Project the said Lord Burghley was so pleased with, that he, in Russel's Paper, drew with his own Hand the River and the Town adjacent, describing the River Istleworth, and another River, how they fell into Uxbridge River, and how that run by S. Giles.

Let me add moreover in this place the mention of an Italian, named Frederick Genebelli; that propounded an Invention to the abovesaid Lord, for Water-works for London, Anno 1591. Which should benefit the City two ways. First, to cleanse the filthy Ditches in and about the City; such as Houndsditch, Fleetditch, &c. and to bring, in the room of this Filth, Plenty of wholesome clear Water, for the Use of the Inhabitants. And Seondly, To be an Expedient for the spedier and more effectual quenching of Houses on fire. Whereby Twenty five or Thirty Persons should do more than Three Hundred otherwise. And this the said Italian prayed the Lord Burghley to make known to the Queen on his behalf.

An Italian propounds an useful Invention of Water for the City.

At present, the Supply of London with good Thames Water is like to be very much enlarged by the great Improvement of the Water-works of Peter Morice, before mentioned; who being an High Dutchman, in the 23d of Q. Elizabith, first gave Assurance of his Skill in raising the Thames Water so high as should supply the upper Parts of London. For the Maior and Aldermen came down to observe the Experiment; and they saw him throw the Water over S. Magnus Steeple. Before which Time, no such Thing was known in England, as this raising of Water. Whereupon the City let Morice a Lease for Five Hundred Years, of the Use of the Thames Water, and the Place where his Mills stood, and of one of the Arches of London Bridge; paying Ten Shillings into the Chamber of London, as an Acknowledgment. Two Years after, the City let him another Lease; wherein they granted him the same Term of Five Hundred Years, and another, that is, the Second Arch of the Bridge; seeing him so well perform what he undertook in the first, as that Lease specified.

The present Supply of the City with the Thames Water.

Pet. Morice.

Charles Hopton.

This Lease and the Business and Benefit thereof hath continued in the Family of the Morices till Michaelmas 1701. When the present Owner perceiving how the New River undermined him, and impaired his Profits, he agreed to sell all his Right and Title to Richard Soams, Citizen and Goldsmith of London, for the Sum of 38000l. cb n="b"> But Soams foreseeing that he should have need of another Arch for more Water, Morice, the better to enable Soams to go through with this great Bargain, petitioned the City for another Arch, to raise more Water. Hereupon there were several Committees appointed to examine, whether the granting the Fourth Arch (for the Third belonged to Wharfinger) would not incommode, and be a Stoppage to the River. But they brought in their Report, that it would be no Damage to let the Fourth Arch go to this Use. And it was granted to Morice; and he added his whole Interest in this Grant of the Fourth Arch to Soams's Bargain.

The Lease of Morice for the Thames Water sold to Soams.

Thus having gotten through with Morice, he took a Lease of the City at Twenty Shillings, and 300l. Fine, for so much Time as was unexpired of the Five Hundred Years granted to Morice. And now Soams hath divided the Propriety of this Lease into Three Hundred Shares, and made it a Company; the Price of each Share being set at 500l. And so the Profits to be divided. It hath a good Prospect of turning to Account, and to gain upon the New River, having some Advantages of that Water.

There is another Water for the Supply of the City, called Maribone Water, because it comes from Maribone: And several other Conduit Waters there be; which the City let to certain Persons, at 700l. a Year, and 5650l. Fine, and a Year's Rent aforehand. It was let presently after the Orphans Acts was obtained. These Lessees had made a very hard Bargain for themselves; and my Lord Keeper discharged them of it. Now the City hath let all these Conduit Waters to the beforesaid Soams, at the former Rent of 700l. per Ann. Tax-free. And so he hath within himself and his Partners all the Waters that supply the City, except the New River. In this Lease also the City hath reserved to themselves the Proportion of Five Ton an Hour of the said Conduit Water, for the Use of the Prisons and Counters, and other publick Places. Tho' it hath been thought by some, that all the Water of those Conduits would hardly afford so much.

Maribone Water.

Let is be added, that Southwark might also be well supplied with this necessary Thing, Water, and, that the City might withal be good Husbands for themselves, to raise their Revenue as much as they could; they revived an old Act of Parliament, whereby the City had Power to have Water on all sides of London for Five Miles about, to bring a Supply thereof to the City. So on Southwark side, for the furnishing that Borough with good Water, some Gentlemen took a Lease of the City for Waters arising that way, at 550l. Fine, and 250l. a Year. But after all their Pains, they could find no Water sufficient for their Purpose that way; and so the Lord Keeper discharged them upon their Inability. Southwark useth chiefly the Water of Thames; that falls into a great Pond in S. Mary Overies, that drives a Mill, called S. Saviour's Mill. The Owner whereof is one Mr. Gulston. The Revenue thereof is supposed by some to be worth 1300l. a Year.

Supply of Water for Southwark.

Besides these Waters brought into the City from abroad, it affords Abundance of excellent Springs every where within it self; the Waters whereof are much commended: Particularly, the Pump at S. Martin's Outwich Church, the Pump near S. Antholin's Church, the Pump in S. Paul's Churchyard, the Pump in Christ's Hospital: At all which Places, and others, are Iron Dishes hanging, for the Use of Strangers to drink in. There be also many good Springs in the Lanes ascending from Thames-street.]

Excellent Springs within the City.