The Modern Estate of the Wall and Ditch. The Freedom. 13

The Modern Estate of the Wall and Ditch. The Freedom.

there are many Places on both Sides which are of publick Use and Concern. As,

1. At a Place between the Tower-Liberty and Aldgate, (antiently called Vine-Yard) are lately built a Row of Houses with Stables and Haylofts adjoyning to them, for the Reception of the Carmen belonging to the City.

Publick Buildings being Encroachments on the City-Ground.

2. There is a Church-Yard belonging to the Church of St. Buttolph without Bishopsgate.


3. The Parish-Church, Church-Yard, and Parsonage-House of St. Alhallows on the Wall.

4. There is lately Erected a most stately and magnificent Structure 540 Foot in Length, for an Hospital for Lunaticks, called New Bethlehem, instead of the Old House for that Use, situated in a Street called Bethlem; of which more anon.

5. The Cities Store-Yard for the laying up of Timber, Stone, Gibbets, Pillories, Sledges, and such like Things, for the Execution of Malefactors; and to receive such Carts, Coaches, Horses, &c. as have committed any Offence, or Abuse within the City or Liberties.

6. The Lorimers-Company have built a Hall upon the said Wall.

7. The Church-Yard belonging to the Parish of S. Alphage.

8. The Church-Yard belonging to the Parish of St. Giles Cripplegate.

9. The Church-Yard belonging to the Parish of St. Olave Silver-street.

10. The Church-Yard belonging to the Parish of St. Botolphs-Aldersgate.

11. The Church-Yard belonging to Christ's Hospital, and the Yard, where the Children recreate themselves by Play; which to this Day is called the Town-Ditch.

12. The Press-Yard belonging to Newgate-Prison.

13. The Garden and Library which belongs to the College of Physicians.

14. Justice-Hall, commonly called the Sessions-House, with the Garden behind it. And this is the present State of the Wall, and ancient Town-Ditch.

Having thus compassed and viewed well the Walls, we should proceed to give some Account of the Gates that are made through them, (which we shall do in due Place.) But first, as we have seen the Ditch without the Wall, so it may be proper to make our Observation of the Territories bordering thereupon; I mean that called the FREEDOM; and upon what Parts of the Suburbs in the County of Midsex it abutts; and what Quanitity of Ground is contained between the Wall and that Line about the Freedom, which separates the City from the County.]

J. S.

Of the Course of the Line of Separation.


The City being thus encompassed with a Wall on the East, North, and West Parts, and the River of Thames on the South-side, there is another Skirt of Ground without the Wall, and within the Liberty or Freedom of the said City. And this Skirt of Ground is encompassed with an irregular Line, which separates the Freedom from the County of Middlesex.

R. B.

This Line begins at Temple-Bar, where it abuts Westwards upon the Liberty of the Dutchy of Lancaster, which is without the said Temple-Bar or Gate. From Temple-Bar it extends it self by many Turnings and Windings, through part of Shear-Lane, Bell- Yard, Chancery-Lane, by the Rolls-Liberty, &c. unto Holborn, almost against Grays- Inn-Lane, where there is a Bar, that is, two Posts, with Rails, and a Chain, to cast over the Passage, as Occasion serveth, upon any Emergency, as keeping out an Enemy, or the like.

The separate Line, which divides the Freedom from the County of Middlesex.

From Holborn-Bars, it passeth with many Turnings by Brook-street, Furnivall's-Inn, Leather-Lane, Hatton-Garden, Ely-House, Field-Lane, Chick- Lane, to the Common-Sewer, where it returns Westwards to Cow-cross, and so to Smithfield-Bars.

From Smithfield-Bars it also runs by several Windings between Long-Lane, and Charter-house-Lane, to Goswell-street, and so up that Street Northwards to the Barrs.

From the Bars in Goswell-street, where the Manor of Finsbury begins, it extendeth it self by Windings cross Golden-Lane, at the Posts and Chain there set up, to the Posts and Chain in Whitecross-street: and from thence to the Posts and Chain in Grub-street and from thence on through Ropemaker's-Alley to the Posts and Chain in the Highway from Moregate; and from thence by the North-side of the four Quarters of Moor-fields, all abutting upon Finsbury Manor, where it returns Northwards up to Norton-Folgate; and there meets with the Barrs in Bishopsgate-street; and from thence Eastward into Spittle-fields, all abutting upon Norton-Folgate.

From Norton-Folgate it returns Southwards by the Spittle-fields, and then South-east by Wentworth-street to the Bars in White-Chappel.

From White-Chappel-Bars it winds more Southerly by the Little-Minories and Goodmans-Fields. From whence it returns Westward to the Posts and Chain in the Minories; and thence more Westernly until it comes to London-Wall: where it abutts upon the Tower-Liberty, and there it ends. But all these Turnings and Windings of the Separation of the Freedom from the County are better express'd in the several Maps by the Girt-Line thereof, to which I refer the Reader.

Of the Length of the Line of Separation, and of the Quantity of Ground encompassed by it, and the City-Wall.


Although this Line in its several Turnings is of great Length, yet the Ground Enclosed between it and the Wall is but narrow, so that the Content in Acres will not be answerable to the Circumambulation of it.

The Length of the Line.

The Length of the Line is 21370 Feet, which is about 4 Miles; and yet the Ground comprehended betwixt the Line of the City-Wall, and this Line of Separation, is but 300 Acres.

Now that what hath been said concerning the City-Wall, and Line of the Thames, begirting the City, and of the Skirt-Line bounding the Freedom or Liberty, and separating it from Middlesex, may be the better understood, I have drawn a small Map, representing to the Eye all that is delivered in this former Discourse, which will give greater Satisfaction to the Reader, as a clearer Demonstration than Words can express.

For the Circumference and Quantity of Ground, contained in that Part of the City which lyeth on the South-side of the Thames, as Bridgward in the Borough of Southwark, and so much of the County, as is in the Jurisdiction of the Lord-Mayor of London, are here omitted reserving it until we come to treat thereof by it self.

An Explanation of the following small Map of the City of London, within the Walls, and of the Liberty or Freedom thereof without the Walls, in such Condition as it was, till the Year 1666, Sept. 2d.


In the Map, the Wall of the City is represented by a double Line, and marked at the West End of it next the Thames with the Letter K, and round about the City at the several Gates therein with the Letters A B C D E F G, and to the Postern between the two Tower-hills with the Letter H.

Explanation of the Map.

The Line which separates the Freedom of the City from the Suburbs in Middlesex, is marked round about with these Marks, **** resembling Stars.