A Second APPENDIX.24


in the Sense of the Petitioners, to mean every Day in the Year, since were they so desirous of discharging their Consciences faithfully, as their * Letter before-mention'd shews them to be, it is hardly possible they could sit down quiet and unconcern'd when they saw the first Professors begin and continue to read only in Term-Time, in direct and open Violation of the Founders Will, much less could they ever have been brought to give their Direction, or even consent that they should do so; nor can it be believ'd, that, had the first Professors thus understood the Word Daily to mean, they could ever have began and continu'd a Practice directly contrary to their Duty, unless they be suppos'd to have been Men of the most profligate and shameless Character possible, the very Reverse of which they had, as is before seen of Dr. Gwinne, and might as easily be prov'd of all the other Six. In the Conclusion, the Professors brought in Books they cited, in order to submit their Citations to Examination, and then call'd on the Petitioners to shew so much as one Proof or Evidence to the contrary.

*Vol. 1st. p. 127, b.

The Petitioners, who had in their Plea and in their ** printed Papers asserted, that at the Original Institution, the Professors read every Day in the Year, and amongst these Professors, which they asserted did thus read, had nam'd Dr. Gwinne and Dr. Holdsworth, &c, and had, with all Assurance, said, that their printed Works intimated as much (the direct contrary to which is true) and had farther laid down, that the *** Interruption of these every Day Readings was owing to the Civil War Time, to the great Sickness, or to the Fire of London, thought fit no longer to insist on these Pretences, but fell to vilify and depreciate the Characters of the Authors quoted. Mr. Stow, they said, †† might easily be convicted of Falshood, and mistake even in what he writes concerning this Matter: His Authority was never admitted in // any Cause or Court: He and the others were antiquated Authors. As for Dr. Holdsworth, † he spoke in his own Cause, and might be convicted of Partiality, &c. and this laid the Professors under a Necessity of doing a needless Work, of justifying the Reputation of Mr. Stow, which, 'till that Time, had never been question'd; and the rather because one or two of the Committee spoke with Contempt of him, as an old, neglected, useless Author. The Professors referr'd themselves to Dr. Nicholson, then Dean, and since Bishop of Carlisle, who gives the following Character of Mr. Stow and his Book, in his Historical Library, then printed in Octavo, but since, in 1714, in Folio. He says, p.18, John Stow wrote and publish'd A Survey of London ----- "The whole is collected out of our best Historians and most authentick Records, and discovers a great deal of Industry and Accuracy in the worthy and honest Author." And again, he says, p. 72. "Industrious John Stow deserves to be remembred with Honour: He was a Member of the Merchant-Taylors Company in London, and a special Benefactor to that City, in inquiring after and preserving its Antiquities and Records. He travell'd thro' a good Part of England in Search after the Manuscript Historians, in the Libraries of our Cathedral Churches, and was very exact and critical in his Collections, and spent above forty Years in these Studies. He always protested (and we may take his honest Word for it) that he never was sway'd by Favour or Fear in any of his Writings; but that he had impartially, to the best of his Knowledge, delivered the Truth. This good Opinion the greatest of our Historians seem to have of him, since even Sir Francis Bacon, and Mr. Camden, (not to mention others of a lesser Repute) have boldly taken several Things upon his single Credit."

**He (Sir Thomas Gresham) appointed Daily-Readings, and doubtless they were so perform'd in the Times when Wotton, Berewood, Gwynne, &c. Holdsworth, Winston, &c. were the Professors at Gresham College, as many of their printed Works seem to imply and testify. Account of the present State of Gresham College, 4to, p. 7, l. ult. p. 8. l. 1.

***Id. p. 25, l. 28.

//Id. p. 30, l. 3, & sequ.

††Id. p. 30, l. 6.

//Id. ibid.

†Id. ibid.

As to the next Author, Sir George Buck, quoted by them, he was not only a Man of Credit, but of Quality, being both one of the Gentlemen of the King's Privy Chamber, and also Master of the Revels: This his Work he delivered to the Lord Chief Justice Coke, and dedicated it to him, leaving the Manuscript to be disposed of at his Lordship's Pleasure. The Lord Chief Justice was so well satisfy'd of his Integrity and Ability, that he himself directed the Printing it, giving his Allowance for its Publication, and under his Hand giving his special Commendation and Approbation of it, as of a Work worthy the publick Light.

What Character Mr. Monday's Work, which was the next Author quoted, deserves, is mentioned before. The Professors on this Head took Notice, how strange a Thing it was to make the Antiquity of these Authors an Exception to their Testimony, because their being old Authors gave their Evidence the greatest Strength, since they wrote of Things within their own Knowledge, and of Times in or very near to which themselves liv'd.

The next Author who was quoted by the Professors was Dr. Holdsworth, a Man of the strictest Virtue and most unsully'd Reputation, though at Random his Character was excepted against, as is said before, by the Petitioners. He was, as * the eminent Bishop Pearson tells us, the most celebrated Preacher of his Time, being Minister of St. Peter's Poor in Broadstreet, to which living he was preferred in 1623 or 1624. He was a most faithful Pastor of his Parish, and a most conscientious Man; insomuch, that when the great Sickness happened in 1625, he refused to go into the Country, as most others did; but lived in his Parish, and constantly visited the Sick, despising the Contagion, and preferring the Discharge of his Duty before the Safety of his Person. In the Year 1630, he was *** without making any Interest, or using any Solicitation, (so great was his Reputation) chosen Divinity-Professor in Gresham College, of which he was a great Ornament 9 or 10 Years. He was a Person that so strictly adhered to his Duty, and so fearful of acting in the least against his Conscience, that in the Beginning of the Rebellion he was sequestered, plundered, and imprisoned four Years in the Tower, after which Time he was released; in every Part of his Life being of an unblameable Carriage, and a most holy Conversation. In short, he was, †† as Bishop Brownrig assures us, a most excellent Preacher, a most faithful In-

*See Pearson's Life of Dr. Holdsworth prefix'd to Dr. Holdsworth's Prælectiones, in Fol. publish'd in the Year 1661.

*See also the Account of Dr. Holdsworth in Dr. Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy. Fol. Part 2d, p. 79, under the Title Worcester.

***Vos appello, viri integerrimi, qui Curatores estis hujus muneris, Agnosco candorem vestrum singularem, quod ambitum omnem & studium meum prævenire voluistis. Lectio 1ma. p. 2. l. 48.

††Præco eximius-- Scripturæ interpres celeberrimus--Divitiarum pius contemptor-- Eleemosynarum quotidianus largitor--severus--sanctus, &c. Vita Authoris, &c.