Gresham College.19

Gresham College.

sham-Lectures, were first instituted, is, beyond Contradiction, plain, from the Conculsion of Dr. Gwinne's second Oration, read in Gresham-College, wherein he says, that * the Exercises or Lectures required of the Professors in Gresham-College, are no other than what are required from the Professors in the Schools, and Lecturers in the Colleges, in the Universities; and that as ** they [the Universities] had their Vacation Times, and Recesses, between the Performance and Return of their Duty, so at Gresham-College, † the Lectures were read only at particular and appointed Times; namely, when such-like Exercises are usually performed in other the like Places. And then, that these usual and customary Times of Reading were the Term Times only, is as plain, from our Author Stow; for it appears from the first Edition of this Survey, (written the same Year that Dr. Gwinne read the aforesaid Lecture, not above seven Months after the first Lectures were read) that the first Professors began their Lectures in Trinity Term, 1597; that every Lecturer, had his particular Day in the Week, on which he was to read twice, (once in English, the other Time in Latin) and that, of the whole Year, The Term Times were the Times for reading these Lectures: And the same Practice appears to heve been followed in 1603, from the second Edition of the Survey, published by Mr. Stow himself, in that Year, improved, augmented, and carefully corrected: And it is as plain, that the same Practice still continued from the third Edition, published by Mr. Anthony Monday in 1618: And lastly, it is evident, from the fourth Edition of this Survey, said to be compleatly finished, and printed in Folio in 1633, that at that Time the same Order and Times of Reading were followed: And in this Edition, p. 65, the particular Days when each Professor is to read is set down, namely, the Divinity-Lecturer, on Monday: Civil-Law, Tuesday: Physick, Saturday: Musick, Saturday: Astronomy, Wednesday: Geometry, Thursday: And Rhetorick, Friday: And this Method and Times of Reading have ever since been followed and observed. There is, indeed, no Instrument in Writing now left, whereby it appears, that this Course and Order of Reading was settled by the Appointment of the Trustees, at the first Election of the Professors: But there is all the Reason possible to believe, that this the original Establishment was began and continued by the Order and Direction of the Trustees, and voluntarily submitted to by the first Professors; for the above-cited Dr. Gwinne tells us directly so in his forenamed ninth Lecture. This Lecture is addressed to the Mercers Company, by whom he was elected; and is wrote in Praise of his Founder and his Patrons, and in speaking of his own, and his Brethren's (the Professors) careful Discharge of their Duty required of them by their Founder's Will, and expected from them by the Trustees, their Electors: He mentions what the Duty is in these Words, ††We make open Profession, that you have deliberately enjoyned, and we freely consented, to do what the publick Professors in either University do, either by Direction of their Statutes, or in Conformity to the known Customs of the Place. But were this Proof wanting, it is hardly possible, in the Reason of the Thing, to suppose it to have been otherwise than by mutual Consent; since, had the Professors themselves taken this, or any other Method of Proceeding, with the Dislike, or without the Approbation of the Trustees, and had continued to do for thirty or forty Years together; there must, sure, within that Space of Time, have appeared some prohibitory Act, to hinder them from proceeding in this Manner, or some Censure of them for this presuming: At least, were it possible to suppose, that the first Professors had broke thro' all the Rules of Modesty and Decency to their Electors and Trustees; to be sure, as there happen'd many new Elections in this Space of forty Years, the Trustees would never have been so wanting to themselves, as not to assert their Right of Direction, and to oblige all Persons newly elected, to behave themselves with more Respect to their Trustees than their Predecessors had done: But as nothing of this neither appears, it can't but be thought that this Practice of the Professors was, on all Respects, agreeable to the Judgement and good Liking of the Trustees, and had their free Concurrence with it. Besides, this Course and Method, as was said, nearly copying after the Custom and Practice of the Universities, can hardly be imagined not to have been agreeable to the Sentiments of the Trustees, and to have had their entire Approbation, since the Trustees, as is seen before, [p.127.b.] referred themselves to the Advice and Direction of the Universities, as a Rule for themselves to be guided by. The University Lectures are read by each Professor twice in the Week, and so they are in Gresham College; the former, indeed, are both in the learned Language, but the later, being designed as well for the Use of Citizens as of professed Schollars, are read both in English and Latin. The University Statutes, speaking of their Lectures, use the Phrase Weekly: The Founder's Will, speaking of his, uses the Phrase Daily, of the same Importance. Thus in the University Statutes, it is said of the Divinity-Professor, * bis in qualibet septimanâ exponet, he shall read twice Weekly; and so of the † Physick-Professor; the same of the // Civil-Law-Professor, of the * Geometry-Professor, of the † Rhetorick-Professor, &c. and all of them on their assigned and appointed Days are to read Wekkly, // nisi in diem Lecturæ suæ destinatum Festum aliquod inciderit, unless such their Lecture Day shall happen to be a Festival Day. And here it may not be improper to remind the Reader, that as the Lectures read at Gresham-College, being Academical Exercises, tho' appointed to be performed at London, occasion'd their being done at the Times and in the Manner they are performed in the Universities; so the Word and Expression appointing these Lectures in Sir Thomas Gresham's Will, seems to be taken, by the Person who drew up the Form of his Will, from the University Statutes; for the Words, in qualibet septimanâ, and * in singulis septimanis, in English Weekly, which are the Words of the University Statutes, concerning the Time of their Professors Duty, did lead the Way to use the similar Word Daily in the Will; which Word Daily, when applied to all the Professors together, is the very same as Weekly, when apply'd to each Professor in particular; and this is the more fully spoken of here, because it will very much help to clear up a Dispute to be mentioned hereafter, if it be observed, that the University Statutes distinguish the Year into Civil or Academick; the former of which (the Civil Year) consists of twelve Months; but the later, (the Academick Year) consists only of four Terms, * Annus Academicus quatuor Terminos continet. Wherefore, as the Word Weekly, in the University Statutes, is never understood to mean every Week in the Civil

p. 57. l. 32.

p. 76.

p. 123.

Order and Method of reading the Lectures how settled.

By Direction of the Trustees, and Consent of the Professors.

*Academiæ publicè, privatim Collegia requirunt quod requiritis. Gwinne's Peroratio ad Ornatissimos Merceros, in the End of his Orationes duæ, p. 79. l. 8.

**Illis (scil. Academiis) sunt vacationes & justitia, p 79. l. 11.

†Nos legimus statis ac debitis temporibus, Idem ibid. l. 1, 2.

††Testamur invicem, vos consultò præscribere, nos sponte suscipere, quod alterutrâ in Academiâ Professores Regii, vel jure debent scripto, vel more solent recto. Gwinne's Orationes duæ, p 78. l. 9, &c.

*Statuta Oxoniensia, p. 16.

†Idem ibid.

//Id. p. 14.

*Id. p. 11.

†Id. p. 10.

//Id. p. 17.

*Id. p. 13.

*Statuta Oxoniensia p. 1.