A Second APPENDIX.18


them; it is hoped we shall not be so infatuated as to throw them back again.

The Poor now become prostrate to a British Parliament for Work, that they may rendered more serviceable to their Native Country, and not be Vagabonds upon the Face of the Earth.

All which is humbly submitted to this honourable House.

BOOK V. p.272. a. There was a general Meeting of this Company of the Royal Fishery of England at Stationers Hall, March the 3d, 1719: When it was unanimously resolved, That the Affairs of the said Company be carried on in its full Extent. That an Account of 3l. per Cent. or 36000l. be made, for the carrying on of the Fishery of the said Company; to be paid into the Bank of England, on or before the 1st Day of May next: And a Committee of Nine Persons, to consider, in what Manner the Fishery may be set on Foot next Herring Season.

Post Boy, Sat. Mar. 5.

BOOK VI. p.30. b. l.4. ab im. r. Ast Mors virgineo. So corrected in Marg. of Mr. J. Worthington's Book.

A Supplement to what is before related of Gresham-College, and the Affairs thereof, Vol. I. p. 127, & sequ. and Second Appendix, p.2.


THE Reader is told, p. 127,b. that before the Trustees for Sir Thomas Gresham's Benefaction proceeded to choose the first Professors, they sent Letters to the two Universities, desiring them to recommend to their Choice, fitting Persons, under the University Seal, and a Copy of their Letter to the University of Cambridge is there given. It is not there mentioned, whether either of the Universities sent such Recommendations; but it is probable they never did, or, at least, that the first Choice was made without any Regard to such Recommendation; for, it is evident, that at the first Election of Professors in 1596/7, two of them were chosen by Recommendations from the Court, and not from the Universities, namely, Dr. Matthew Gwinne, Professor of Physick, and Dr. John Bull, Professor of Musick. The one, Dr. Gwinne, was indeed, at the Time of his Election, Fellow of St. John's College in Oxford; but he had, for some Years before, been absent from his College and University, * being designed for some considerable Employment by his Friends at Court, where he had great Reputation and Interest; for as, in his younger Years, he was much admired for great Skill and Dexterity in Poetry, for his Penetration in Philosphical Disputes, and his Knowledge in all Parts of humane and prophane Learning, and of most of the modern Languages, which he obtained by his Travels into various Countries; so in his advanced Age, for his happy Success in the Practice of Physick, which made him highly valued in this great City, but more by far by the Nobility in the Royal Court. By this Interest at Court it was, that he was sent * into France Physician to the Honouralbe Sir Henry Unton, Kt. Leaguer-Ambassadour to the King of France from Queen Elizabeth, and after his Return from thence, he was design'd to be Physician to the Tower of London; but the first Elelction of the Professors for Gresham College happening at that Time, the Lord Thomas Egerton, Baron Ellesmer, (at that Time Lord High Chancellor of England) † recommended him in two Letters to the Mercers Company, to be chosen Physick-Professor; and they accordingly chose him into that Professorship: He was also, about * the same Time, admitted Fellow of the College of Physicians. The other, Dr. Bull, Musick-Professor, // had, for some Years, been travelling into Spain, France, and Germany, and on his Return was one of the Gentlemen of the Queen's Chapel, for four or five Years at least, before the Election of the first Gresham-Professors: And as he was in the Service of the Court, and in the highest Esteem there, for his vast Knowledge in Musick, it is unquestionable he had his Recommendation from the Court, and not from the Universities, to which he was an utter Stranger: Nor is it sufficient, because some of the other five Professors were, at the Time of their Elections, Members of some of the Colleges, to infer from thence, that they were chosen in virtue of any Recommendation from the Universities, because, in the after-Elections, many have been chosen, that were, at the Time of their Elections, Fellows of Colleges, without any Regard had to a previous Recommendation, either from the University in general, or from their particular Colleges.

A. T.

Lecturers how first chosen.

*Athenæ Oxonienses. Vol. I. p. 438. 1st Edition.

*Idem ibid.

*Idem ibid.

// Athenæ Oxonienses, p. 756, & 786.

But whether the Trustees took the Recommendations of the Universities to guide and direct their Choice or no, this seems plain, that they took the Method and Customs of the Universities, as a Plan and Pattern to which the Gresham Lectures were to be modelled; and accordingly we find, that the Gresham-Professors began and ever performed their Lectures, in a Method and Course in no material Point differing from that of the Universities: And this appears to be altogether agreeable to the Intention and Design of Sir Thomas Gresham; who, as he founded Professorships in the same Arts and Sciences as they are founded in the Universities, in Reason must be supposed to intend, that those Arts and Sciences should, in like Manner, be cultivated, improv'd, and promoted in London, as they are in the Universities; and this Conformity of the Lectures in Gresham-College, to those in the Universities, is taken Notice of by those Writers who lived nearest the first Institution: Thus Sir George Buck, in his Treatise of the third University of England, (namely London) when he says, that all the Liberal Arts and Sciences are there professed and taught, he adds, * There are many and saily Lectures thereof read, particularly and Academically in Gresham-College; for which Reason he afterwards stiles Gresham-College ** a little University, Academiæ Epitome. And besides; that both the Method of the Lectures themselves, the Times of reading them, and the Intervals between the Times of Reading, were, in a great Measure, conformable to the publick Lectures in our Universities, and in the same Manner perform'd, when the Gre-

The Lecturers follow the Manner of the Universities.

Gresham Lectures Academical.

†See a small Book published by Dr. Gwinne, in 8vo. in the Year 1605, printed at London by Richard Field, and dedicated to the Lord Chancellor Ellesmer, and the Company of Mercers. Dedication p. 3. l. 1. Secundis tuis literis, Amplissime Cancellarie, electioni commendatus; vestris subinde suffragiis, lectissimi Electores, prælectioni Medicæ designatus, gratias, quas annos septem debui, animo semper habui, verbis nunc ago, &c. The Title of this Book is, Orationes duæ Londini habitæ in ædibus Greshamiis, An. Dom. 1598, a Matthæo Gwinne, Doct, & Medicinæ ibidem Prælectore, Collegii Divi Johannis Baptistæ apud Oxon. Socio.

* Buck's Third University, printed at the End of Stow's Chronicle, p. 965. a. l. 55. 59, and written in the Year 1612, fifteen Years after the first Institution of the Lectures.

**Idem. 980. l. 33.