Sir Richard Martin, Kt. L. Maior, to the L. Treasurer Burghley: Complaining of one, for attempting to build a Wharf upon the Watergate of the Tower.


The Contests formerly between the City and the Lieutenant of the Tower, concerning the Extent of his Liberty, were shewed before, Book I. Chap. 15. Where an Encroachment upon the City was mentioned to have been granted and countenanced by the Lieutenant, or some of his Officers, to the great Injury and incommoding of the Citizens, Of which the L. Maior informed the Lord Treasurer by his Letter, in order to a Remedy, and to stop the Building. Which Letter being upon so remarkable an Occasion, I shall enter entirely from the Original, which shall be the Conclusion of this Appendix.

MY Duty humbly don unto your Lordsp. Where manitimes heretofore Variances have arisen between the City and the Officers of her Majesties Tower of London, touching Encroachments upon the common Soil within the Liberty of the City; which some Persons, respecting their private Profit, have supposed to appertain to the Officers of the Tower; and have therefore procured Grants from some Officers unto themselves, and so stirred Contention between the City and Master Lieutenant; as hath heretofore been made known unto your Lordsp. and other the Lords of her Highnes Honourable Council: And where heretofore, for Stay of Troubles between the City and Master Lieutenant, it pleased their Lordships to give Order, that nothing should be attempted on either Side, until Order should be taken for Pacification of the Controversies therein.

Now, forasmuch, my very good Lord, as one John Cox, Limeman, a wilful and disobedient Citizen, pretending Title to a Part of the common Soil within the Liberties of the City, under an Officer of the Tower, as he saith, as a publick Place of Passage for her Majesties Subjects, Brewers and others, to fetch Water with Carts, and other common Affairs, ordinarily known by the Name of The Watergate, situate between the West End of the Tower Wharf, and that Part of the City of London; hath attempted to build a Wharf into the Thames there; to the straitning of the Place, and to the great Let and Hindrance of the common Passage: I thought it my Duty to give Order for Stay of this proceding with his Building; which nevertheless he would not do. And Mr. Richard Young * (as he saith) commanding him to stay his Building, Cox heaved up a Staff against him, to strike him. And yet he still procedeth. Which I thought good to signify unto your Lordsp. humbly beseeching, that it may please your Lordsp. (the rather to set a quiet End of Controversies for Time to come, and that al Unkindnesses between the City and Mr. Lieutenant, and other her Majesties Officers of her Tower of London may be taken away) to be pleased to extend unto the City your Honours Favour so far, as that by your Lordsps. Honourable Means, the Title of each Side may be examined, touching this and al other Causes of Controversy, which rest as yet undecided between them. And that in the meantime Cox may be commanded to take away his Frame, and to surcease his said Building of this Wharf, which wil be a great Annoyance to her Majesties Subjects. And so I humbly commit your Lordsp. to the Tuition of the Almighty. London, this XVI. of August, 1589.

*An active Justice of the Peace.

Your Lordship's most bounden
Richard Martin Maior.