London, British Library, Additional 59678

| Shelfmark | Date and Language | Contents |
| Physical Description | History | Record History | Bibliography |


Shelfmark
Country:England
Settlement:London
Repository: British Library
Idno:Additional 59678
AltName:Winchester College, MS 13
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Date and Language
Date:s. xvex
Language: English
Dialect:Scribe 1: Scribal Dialect: Warwickshire. Linguistic Atlas Grid Reference: 439 286, LP 699 (McIntosh, Samuels and Benskin 1986, p. 244). Scribe 2: Scribal Dialect: Warwickshire. Linguistic Atlas Grid Reference: not mapped but McIntosh, Samuels and Benskin note that the language is 'very similar in language to Hand A' (1986, p. 246).
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Contents
A late fifteenth-century copy (1480-1483, Hellinga 1981, p. 134) of Malory's Morte d'Arthur thought to have been written in London by two West Midlands scribes.

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Physical Description
Form:Codex
Support: Paper. The paper is French in origin. Copies of the watermarks are printed in facsimile in Kelliher (1981, p. 157) where they can be seen to be of three distinct types: 1 - Arms of France with pendant, found on ff. 9-44, 197-220, 229-36, 325-39, 349-96, and 437-52; 2 - Gothic letter P, resembles Briquet's no. 8861 and is found on ff. 45-92 and 277-300; 3 - Arms of France without pendant, resembles Briquet's no. 1865 and is found on ff. 93-196, 221-8, 237-76, 301-24, 340-48, 397-436, 453-84.
Extent:287 x 205 mm
Collation: Collation as it survives today: 1-28, 38 (wants 8 after f. 31), 48 (wants 1 before f. 34), 56 (wants 5, 6, blanks, after f. 44), 6-308, 318 (wants 8 after f. 251), 32-60 8. Catchwords ff. 16v, 24v, 40v, 52v, 60v, 68v, 77v, 84v, 94v, 100v, 108v, 116v, 124v, 132v, 140v, 148v, 156v, 164v, 172v, 180v, 188v, 198v, 205v, 212v, 221v, 228v, 236v, 245v, 260v, 268v, 284v, 292v, 300v, 308v, 316v, 324v, 332v, 340v, 356v, 364v, 372v, 380v, 388v, 396v, 404v, 412v, 411v, 428v, 436v, 443v, 452v, 460v, 468v, 476v, 484v.
Layout:Pricking visible at the four edges to rule the frame. Writing space of 185/190 x 135 mm with single columns and 28-33 lines. Frame ruled in brown ink. There is some evidence of ruling (contra Ker 1976, p. xii) i.e. small pricking marks along the outside edge of the margin roughly 5 mm apart in quire 3, 4. In quires 6-9 lines seem to have been ruled in lead or brown crayon/ink (e.g. ff. 347-348).
Writing: Scribe 1 : ff. 9r-44v, 191r-229r, 349r-484v. Characteristics: Anglicana with Secretary influences. See Ker for a description of the script (1976, pp. xv-xvi). This scribe is thought to be the main copyist and supervisor. Scribe 2: ff. 45r-191r, 229v-346r. Characteristics: Secretary. See Ker for a description of the script (1976, pp. xv-xvi).
Decoration:Two/three-line capitals in red. One three-line capital in blue with red penwork on f. 349r. One five-line initial in red with brown penwork on f. 71r and a similar one on f. 409v. Rubrication for all personal names, some place names and marginal headings (see Ker 1976, p. xviii-xix for more details).
Binding: Not medieval. Rebound by Roger Powell in 1948 using white pigskin. An example of the earlier red sheepskin binding, c. 1800 is now f. iv.
Foliation:iv + ff. 473 (foliated as 9-31, 34-251, 253-484, in Oakeshott's hand) + iv.
Additions:An indulgence printed by Caxton in 1489 was used to repair f. 243. This fragment, 70 x 59 mm, is now mounted in perspex in a compartment of the box used to house the manuscript (see Duff 1917, no. 212).
Condition:Paper at times torn and some folios at the beginning and end of the quires are quite dirty. Missing leaves indicated by stubs of paper.
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History
Origin:Thought to have been written in London by West Midland scribes.
Provenance:Written three times on f. 348r is '' or 'Follwell' (see Ker 1976, pp. xx-xxi, and Kelliher 1981). Due to the presence of offset from Caxton's types 2 and 4 on ff. 159, 186v, 187 and 407 it is thought that the manuscript passed through his hands (Hellinga 1981) and that due to the date of an indulgence used to repair f. 243 of the folios that the manuscript remained in his hands until at least 1489. For further details of provenance see Kelliher 1981.
Acquisition:Acquired by the British Library in 1976.
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Record History
Catalogued and encoded: Orietta DaRold University of Birmingham, March 2005.
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Bibliography
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