Oxford, Bodleian Library, Bodl. 851

| Shelfmark | Date and Language |
Part 1: | Contents | Physical Description |
Part 2: | Contents | Physical Description |
Part 3: | Contents | Physical Description | History | Record History | Bibliography |


Shelfmark
Country:England
Settlement:Oxford
Repository: Bodleian Library
Idno:Bodl. 851
AltName:SC 3041
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Date and Language
Date:s. xivex/xv2
Language: English
Dialect:Scribe of ff. 124r-139r - Scribal Dialect: Worcestershire. Linguistic Atlas Grid Reference: 393 253, LP 7700 (McIntosh, Samuels and Benskin 1986, vol. 4, p. 250). Scribe of ff. 141r-208r: Scribal Dialect: Worcestershire. Linguistic Atlas Grid Reference: not mapped (McIntosh, Samuels and Benskin 1986, vol. 4, p. 250). Scribe of ff. 139-40. Language of Suffolk or SE Norfolk (McIntosh, Samuels and Benskin 1986, vol. 1, p. 146). Scribe of ff. 141r-208r, Worcestershire (McIntosh, Samuels and Benskin 1986, vol. 1, p. 146).
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Part 1

Contents
A manuscript of three independent sections, the first containing Walter Map's De Nugis Curialium, the second is an anthology of Latin poems, whilst the third contains Piers Plowman. The manuscript has been dated to the last quarter of the fourteenth century (Pächt and Alexander, 1973, p. 59) although Rigg favours the early 1370s (1994, p. 31). The volume includes later additions. Part of part three in a fifteenth-century hand. A comprehensive description of this manuscript is given in Rigg (1994, pp. 23-42).





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Physical Description
Form:Codex
Support: 
Extent:235-245 x 175-180
Collation:14, 22, 312 (wants 1); 4-812. Catchwords: ff. 17v, 29v, 41v, 53v, 65v.
Layout:Pricking visible. Ruled in drypoint. Writing space of 190 x 145 mm.
Writing: Scribe of ff. 7ra-73vb, 83va-115vb: Anglicana Formata. Scribe of ff. 74ra-74va, 81va, 118va-120vb, 116ra-118rb, 124r-139r. Bookplate f. 6v. Writing in a small, neat Anglicana Formata script. A scribe called Dodsthorpe wrote most of the entries on ff. 2r and 3r, f. 5r-v, ff. 75va-76rb, ff. 120vb-123ra. Scribe of ff. 74va-75rb writing in a 'sloppy' Anglicana hand.
Decoration: F. 6v - elaborate bookplate - the name WELLIS is written in large scrolls; a bear/lion on the left side pulls with his chain at the bow of the W; on the right side St. Christopher carries the Christ-child, and his staff pierces the S extensions. The ascenders of the W of Wells contain the words 'Iste liber constat Fratri Iohanni de' and those of the LL have 'Monacho Rameseye'. Facsimile in Pächt and Alexander (1973, p. 59, Plate LXVI). Two/three-line blue initials with red penwork, alternating red and blue paraphs, red and blue initials for stanzas, occasional red initials, some initials tinted red, titles and running titles in red.
Binding:
Foliation:
Additions:
Condition:F. 77v worn.
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Part 2

Contents














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Physical Description
Form:Codex
Support: 
Extent: x
Collation:9-1112, 1210. Catchwords: ff. 89v, 101v, 113v. Ff. 120vb-123v originally blank.
Layout:Writing space of 190 x 145 mm. Double columns ruled in drypoint.
Writing: Scribe of ff. 78ra-81va writing in an Anglicana Formata script. Scribe of ff. 82-89, 81vb-83va writing in an Anglicana Formata script. Scribe of ff. 74ra-74va, 81va, 118va-120vb, 116ra-118rb, 124r-139r. Bookplate f. 6v. Writing in a small, neat Anglicana Formata script. Scribe of ff. 7ra-73vb, 83va-115vb writing in an Anglicana Formata script.
Decoration: Two/three-line blue initials with red penwork, alternating red and blue paraphs, red and blue initials for stanzas, occasional red initials, some initials tinted red, titles and running titles in red.
Binding:
Foliation:
Additions:
Condition:F. 123v worn.
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Part 3

Contents

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Physical Description
Form:Codex
Support: Parchment
Extent:250 x 175 mm
Collation: 13-148; 15-176; 188; 1910; 20-238. According to Rigg and Brewer (1983, p. 5) ff. 124r-139r are two quires that were 'originally separate from the rest of the manuscript'.
Layout:Pricking: not visible. Writing space: 190 x 125. Single columns with 50 lines. Ruled in drypoint. Fifteenth-century additions: Writing space: 185 x 125. Frame ruled.
Writing: Scribe of ff. 74ra-74va, 81va, 118va-120vb, 116ra-118rb, 124r-139r. Bookplate f. 6v. Writing in a small, neat Anglicana Formata script. Characteristics: small hand, looks professional; 2-shaped r in medial; double compartment a; long r in medial; circular reversed e; body height 1.5mm. Second hand of Piers begins 2/3 way down f. 139r, thicker hand, Anglicana - B-shaped w; sigma s in final and initial position; hooked ascender on b and l; hooked ascender on d; thorn; long s in medial position; double lobed a ; v-shaped r in medial; body height 2mm. A later fifteenth-century hand.
Decoration:F. 124r: initial page: three-sided border elongated seventeen-line capital I in blue and red with red penwork flourishing and a bar border in blue and red blocks extending along the left margin to bottom of page. At corner, roundel in red penwork giving way to more red penwork along the bottom margin. Red penwork along top margin. Passus divisions marked by four-line blue initials with red penwork flourishing. Ff. 140-208 (the section added at a later date) are decorated with the first letter of each line tinted red; caesura marked in red; red underlining. Sections marked by two-line red lombards.
Binding: Not medieval. Size: 260 x 175 mm. Brown leather cover with blind tooled triple lines around edges. Pasteboard. Five bands across the spine.
Foliation:ff. 208
Additions:Flyleaves of the volume are Ramsey abbey accounts. Ff. 1-4 are an extra quire of flyleaves containing over 70 items mostly in Latin but with some in English and French. As Rigg notes these items are typical of flyleaf poetry of the period being items of local interest, riddles, proverbs, literary extracts, drinking and begging poems etc. (Rigg 1994, p. 38).
Condition:Good
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History
Origin:Unknown
Provenance:Inscription, f. 6v, on a scroll on the miniature 'Iste liber constat fratri Johanni de Wellis, monacho Rameseyensi'. was at Gloucester College before 1376, a prominent figure at the Council of Black Friars in 1382, was appointed proctor on behalf of the provincial chapter of English Black Monks to go to Rome to plead for the release of cardinal Adam Easton and died in Perugia in 1388. See also Rigg and Brewer 1983, p. 4 and Hanna 1993.
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Record History
Catalogued and encoded: Rebecca Farnham, University of Birmingham, March 2004.
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Bibliography
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