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Pozzuoli, Italy
A municipality in the province of Naples and the largest city on the Phlegrean peninsula, named from the Latin putèoli ("little wells"), a reference to the area's numerous sulfur fumaroles. Originally a Greek colony founded in the 6th century BC - and later the site of the apostle Paul's landing on his way to Rome - Pozzuoli was (and is) known for its ancient ruins and natural wonders. Mozart and his father visited there on 13 June 1770 and saw Lago d'Averno (Lake Avernus), a volcanic crater lake near the Campi Flegrei; the volcanic Mount Gauro (or Mount Barbaro) and the Solfatara crater (the mythological home of the god Vulcan); the Flavian ampitheatre or coliseo (the third largest amphitheatre in Italy); the Puteoli Pier, a Roman breakwater also known as the Bridge of Caligula, consisting of fifteen tall piers connected by arches; the Astroni crater; Monte Nuovo, the youngest mountain in Europe, formed after a volcanic eruption on 29 September 1538; the Grotta della Sibilla on the shores of Lake Averno, described by Virgil as home to the Cumaean Sibyl; and the Grotta del cane (Cave of the Dog) in the Agnano crater, the floor of which emits poisonous gas that rises only a few inches - safe for humans but deadly for dogs - that during the period of the "Grand Tour" was a well-known local attraction.
Please use the following reference when citing this website:
Eisen, Cliff et al. In Mozart's Words, 'Pozzuoli, Italy' <http://letters.mozartways.com>. Version 1.0, published by HRI Online, 2011. ISBN 9780955787676.
In Mozart's Words. Version 1.0, published by HRI Online, 2011. ISBN 9780955787676.