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Bologna, Italy
Letters in which this place is cited | People who were born/died in this place | Map
152 (7 January 1770) | view
157 (26 January 1770) | view
160 (10 February 1770) | view
165 (13 March 1770) | view
168 (24 March 1770) | view
170 (24 March 1770) | view
171 (27 March 1770) | view
173 (3 April 1770) | view
176 (14 April 1770) | view
177 (21 April 1770) | view
Showing the first 10 letters. Show all
City in Italy. A leading cultural, intellectual, commercial and administrative centre within the administration of the Papal States during the eighteenth century, Bologna is now the capital city of Emilia Romagna. Musical life centred in large part on the music chapels found in most of the churches and monasteries, chief among them S. Petronio; during Mozart`s time in Bologna, the maestro di cappella there was G. M. Carretti (1756–74). In addition to its church music, S. Petronio also made decisive contributions in the seventeenth century to the history of instrumental music; in the eighteenth century it enjoyed a reputation as a training ground for opera singers. Other important music establishments were based at S. Pietro and S. Maria dei Servi. The vivacity of musical life in the city gave rise as well to several academies, the most important of which was the Accademia Filarmonica, founded in 1666. Academicians were divided into three orders -- composers, singers and instrumentalists – while the administrative officers were the principe, two consiglieri, two censori dei conti or auditors, and an executive committee consisting of the president (who was elected each year from among the composers living in Bologna), the secretary and advisers. In 1749, Pope Benedict XIV granted the academy the same status as Rome`s Accademia di S. Cecilia, including the authority to supervise performing musicians in all Bolognese churches.
During Mozart`s time in Italy, the most influential member of the Accademia Filarmonica was Padre Martini, maestro di cappella at S. Francesco from 1725-1770 and the author of a monumental Storia della musica (Bologna: della Volpe, 1757-1781). A renowned contrapuntist, he counted among his pupils J. C. Bach, Gluck, Grétry and Jommelli, as well as Mozart, whose 9 October 1770 examination setting of the antiphon Quaerite primum K86 was corrected by Martini. Theatrical life centred on the Teatro Formagliari, opened in 1636 (and in the later eighteenth century also known as the Teatro Zagnoni); its repertory included both opere buffe and opere serie. Also important was the Teatro Comunale, the building of which was completed in 1757 although it did not open until 1763. Mozart and his father were in Bologna from 24-29 March 1770 and from 20 July to about 13 October 1770; he gave a concert at the home of Fieldmarshall Pallavicini-Centurioni on 26 March and spent much of his later visit there composing Mitridate, re di Ponto. Lit.: Bignami, Cronologia di tutti gli spettacoli rappresentati nel gran Teatro comunale di Bologna dalla solenne sua apertura 14 maggio 1763 a tutto l`autunno del 1880; Vecchi, L`Accademia filarmonica di Bologna (1666–1966): notizie storiche, manifestazioni; Mioli, `La scuola di canto bolognese nel Settecento`; Gambassi, La cappella musicale di S. Petronio: maestri, organisti, cantori e strumentisti dal 1436 al 1920; Pompilio, Padre Martini: Musica e cultura del settecento europeo; Callegari Hill, L`Accademia filarmonica di Bologna 1666–1800: statuti, indici degli aggregati e catalogo degli esperimenti d`esame nell`archivio, con un`introduzione storica; Gambassi, L`Accademia Filarmonica di Bologna: fondazione, statuti e aggregazione; Verti, Il Teatro Comunale di Bologna
Please use the following reference when citing this website:
Eisen, Cliff et al. In Mozart's Words, 'Bologna, Italy' <http://letters.mozartways.com>. Version 1.0, published by HRI Online, 2011. ISBN 9780955787676.
In Mozart's Words. Version 1.0, published by HRI Online, 2011. ISBN 9780955787676.