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Michael Haydn
Geboren: Rohrau (Niederösterreich) (Österreich) ante 14/09/1737   Gestorben: Rohrau (Niederösterreich) (Österreich) 10/08/1806

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Younger brother of Joseph Haydn. As a youth, Michael Haydn was a chorister at St Stephen`s, Vienna; his first significant appointment was in Grosswardein, where he was Kapellmeister to the bishop there. He joined the Salzburg court music establishment, as concert master, in 1763. After the death of A. C. Adlgasser in 1777, Haydn served as organist at the Dreifaltigkeitskirche; in 1782 he was appointed court and cathedral organist, succeeding Mozart.
Haydn was a prolific and successful composer of sacred and secular music (his sacred music in particular was performed well into the nineteenth-century); in 1767 he collaborated with Mozart and Adlgasser on the composition of Die Schuldigkeit des ersten Gebots. At least some of his music was admired by both Mozart and his father (on 24 September 1778 Leopold Mozart wrote to Wolfgang, `You would surely not deny Haydn certain achievements in music?`) and in addition to apparent citations in Wolfgang`s works, there are cases where compositions by Haydn were mistakenly attributed to the younger composer: these include the minuets k61b, 104 and 105, the terzett `Liebes Mädchen, hör mir zu` KAnh. C 9.04), and the canons K562a and k562b. Presumably for study purposes, Mozart copied out several of Haydn`s church works, among them two Pignus futurae gloriae (kanh. A11 and A12), a Tres sunt (KAnh. A13) and an Ave Maria (KAnh. A14); in 1783 he asked his father to send some of Haydn`s music to him in Vienna, for performance at van Swieten`s.
The Mozarts admiration for Haydn`s music notwithstanding, they were frequently critical of his personal behaviour and in particular his excessive drinking. On 29 December 1777 Leopold wrote to Wolfgang, `Who do you think has been appointed organist at the Dreifaltigskirche? Herr Haydn. Everyone is laughing. He will be an expensive organist; after each litany he swills a quart of wine`. A few months later he reported to Wolfgang that `in the afternoon, Haydn played the organ during the litany and Te Deum, the Archbishop being present, and he played so abominably that we were all terrified and thought he was going the way of Adlgasser of pious memory. But it was only a slight tipsiness, which made his head and his hands refuse to agree`. Nevertheless, Mozart, his father and Haydn seem to have maintained good relations, even if Leopold sometimes felt he had to lord Wolfgang`s success over him; on 23 March 1786 he wrote to Nannerl Mozart, `We had our concert yesterday. Marchand played the concerto in D minor, which I sent to you the other day. As you have the keyboard part, he played it from the score and Haydn turned over the pages for him and at the same time had the pleasure of seeing with what art it is composed, how delightfully the parts are interwoven and what a difficult concerto it is`. Mozart seems to have been fairer: as late as 1787-1788 he not only wanted to borrow masses by Haydn but also invited him to visit him in Vienna.
R. Angermüller and J. Senigl, `Biographie des Salzburgischen Concertmeisters Michael Haydn von seinen Freunden verfasset`, Mitteilungen der Internationalen Stiftung Mozarteum 37 (1989), 199-231
G. Croll and K. Vössing, Johann Michael Haydn, sein Leben, sein Schaffen, seine Zeit: eine Bildbiographie (Vienna, 1987)
M. H. Schmid, Mozart und die Salzburger Tradition (Tutzing, 1976)
Bitte benutzen Sie den folgenden Hinweis beim Zitieren dieser Webseite:
Eisen, Cliff et al. Mit Mozarts Worten, 'Michael Haydn' <http://letters.mozartways.com>. Version 1.0, herausgegeben von HRI Online, 2011. ISBN 9780955787676.
Mit Mozarts Worten. Version 1.0, herausgegeben von HRI Online, 2011. ISBN 9780955787676.