borghan (OSw) borghen (ODan) burgan (OGu) burghan (OSw) noun

This noun and the associated verb, borgha, is used in a number of associated ways as is shown by the translations and instances listed below. It can refer simply to a guarantee of someone appearing at a certain time (to answer a charge, for instance), an early form of recognisance or bail, but can also involve other sorts of guarantee or surety, even in some instances the submission of a hostage. It can also mean the obtaining of credit (cf. ModEng cognate, ‘borrow’). This was specifically forbidden in GL in certain circumstances, although permitted in UL, VmL and ÖgL.


bail OSw DL Bb
OSw HL Kmb

credit OGu GL A 65, Add. 9 (B 81)
OSw UL Kmb
OSw VmL Kmb

guarantee OSw DL Rb
OSw SdmL Kmb, Mb
OSw UL Mb
OSw VmL Mb

security OSw YVgL Tb
OSw ÄVgL Tb
OSw ÖgL Rb

surety ODan JyL 2
OSw MELL Kmb

Refs:

KLNM s.v.v. borgen, gidsler, kreditväsen; Peel 2015, 191 note 65/17−19; Schlyter 1877, s.v. borghan

Citation
  • ‘borghan’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/648
    (05/19/2022)