biorn (OSw) bjorn (ODan) björn (ON) noun

Bears appear in the laws as a threat to people and domestic animals, and in some laws the hunting of bears was either an obligation or done with impunity (ONorw GuL, OSw HL, UL, VmL). In OSw ÄVgL and YVgL, bears are seen as ofæfli (‘superior force’) if they kill domestic animals in one’s care, in contrast to attacks by wolves, which were occasionally seen as neglect. In ODan, predators — bears, wolves and hawks — only appear as domestic animals, for which the owner was responsible if they attacked somebody.

bear ODan SkL 104
ONorw GuL Krb, Kpb, Løb, Llb
OSw ÄVgL Rlb, Föb
OSw HL Blb
OSw KrL Bb
OSw ÖgL Bb
OSw YVgL Rlb, Utgb

KLNM s.v.v. björnejakt, jakt, vilda djur

  • ‘biorn’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.