tak (OSw) tak (ODan) tak (ON) noun

(The state of) a person or an object functioning as a surety for a person not to evade justice, to pay a debt or to fulfil an obligation, sometimes involving an impartial taki (q.v.) to hold goods deposited during a dispute. Often appearing in the context of accusations of theft.


bail ONorw FrL KrbB 20
OSw HL Rb

custody OSw YVgL Äb
hands of a surety man OSw DL Bb
lien OSw ÄVgL Tb
pledge OSw ÄVgL Tb
responsibility ODan JyL 2
right to submit goods in the hands of a surety man OSw DL Bb, Tjdb
security ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 137, 139, 142, 159
ONorw FrL KrbB 23 ArbB 28
ONorw GuL Llb, Tjb, Leb
OSw YVgL Tb

surety ODan ESjL 3
ODan JyL 2
ODan SkL 159
ODan VSjL 60, 87
OIce Grg Misc 248
OIce Js Þjb 3
ONorw FrL Mhb 12 Reb 2
OSw UL Mb, Blb, Rb
OSw VmL Rb

taking OSw HL Blb
Expressions:

ganga í tak (ON)

give security ONorw GuL Llb

ræna taks ok leþsnar, ræna taks ok leznar (OSw)

deprive of the right to put matters into the hands of a surety man and permit proof of provenance OSw VmL Mb

æsta taks (ON)

give security ONorw GuL Llb, Tjb

to demand surety OIce Grg Misc 248

Refs:

Hertzberg s.v. tak; KLNM s.v. borgen; Schlyter s.v. tak

Citation
  • ‘tak’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.
    http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/5280
    (12/03/2021)