solskipt (OSw) solskifte (ODan) noun

Literally, ‘sun division’. The ‘sun’ element refers to the position of each strip field (aker, tegher) in the field (vang, gærþi) and of the curtilage (tompt) in the village in a fixed order after the daily course of the sun through the sky, i.e. ‘clockwise’. This division system ensured that all farms got their fair share of the common fields, meadows, grazing, fishing rights etc. in the village in accordance with the size and clockwise position of the curtilage around their dwellings (tompt), and that the strip fields were positioned accordingly.


distribution into equal homestead plots and strips OSw KrL Bb
OSw MEL Bb

sun division ODan JyL 1
OSw SdmL Bb
OSw UL Blb
OSw VmL Bb
Refs:

Göransson 1961, 80–83; Göransson 1976, 22–37; Hafström 1951, 104–56; Hoff 1997, 197–209; KLNM, s.v.v. bolskift, hammarskifte, solskifte, tegskifte; Porsmose 1988, 270: Riddersporre 2001, 64–65; Schlyter s.v.v. hamar, solskipt; Sporrong 1992, 355

Citation
  • ‘solskipt’. A Lexicon of Medieval Nordic Law.

  • http://www.dhi.ac.uk/lmnl/nordicheadword/displayPage/4969
    (02/29/2024)